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Open AccessArticle

Design of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain for Performance Optimization Considering Various Powertrain Components and Configurations

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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
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Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle Design Processes)
Emissions from the transportation sector due to the consumption of fossil fuels by conventional vehicles have been a major cause of climate change. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a cleaner solution to reduce the emissions caused by transportation, and well-designed HEVs can also outperform conventional vehicles. This study examines various powertrain configurations and components to design a hybrid powertrain that can satisfy the performance criteria given by the EcoCAR Mobility Challenge competition. These criteria include acceleration, braking, driving range, fuel economy, and emissions. A total of five different designs were investigated using MATLAB/Simulink simulations to obtain the necessary performance metrics. Only one powertrain design was found to satisfy all the performance targets. This design is a P4 hybrid powertrain consisting of a 2.5 L engine from General Motors, a 150 kW electric motor with an electronic drive unit (EDU) from American Axle Manufacturing, and a 133 kW battery pack from Hybrid Design Services. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid electric vehicles; powertrain design; powertrain configurations; powertrain components; fuel economy optimization; vehicle performance optimization hybrid electric vehicles; powertrain design; powertrain configurations; powertrain components; fuel economy optimization; vehicle performance optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tran, M.-K.; Akinsanya, M.; Panchal, S.; Fraser, R.; Fowler, M. Design of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain for Performance Optimization Considering Various Powertrain Components and Configurations. Vehicles 2021, 3, 20-32. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vehicles3010002

AMA Style

Tran M-K, Akinsanya M, Panchal S, Fraser R, Fowler M. Design of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain for Performance Optimization Considering Various Powertrain Components and Configurations. Vehicles. 2021; 3(1):20-32. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vehicles3010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tran, Manh-Kien; Akinsanya, Mobaderin; Panchal, Satyam; Fraser, Roydon; Fowler, Michael. 2021. "Design of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain for Performance Optimization Considering Various Powertrain Components and Configurations" Vehicles 3, no. 1: 20-32. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vehicles3010002

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