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Perspectives on Larval Behaviour in Biophysical Modelling of Larval Dispersal in Marine, Demersal Fishes

1
Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart 7001, TAS, Australia
2
Australian Museum Research Institution, William Street, Sydney 2001, NSW, Australia
Received: 8 October 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fish Larval Biology and Ecology)
Biophysical dispersal models for marine fish larvae are widely used by marine ecologists and managers of fisheries and marine protected areas to predict movement of larval fishes during their pelagic larval duration (PLD). Over the past 25 years, it has become obvious that behaviour—primarily vertical positioning, horizontal swimming and orientation—of larvae during their PLD can strongly influence dispersal outcomes. Yet, most published models do not include even one of these behaviours, and only a tiny fraction include all three. Furthermore, there is no clarity on how behaviours should be incorporated into models, nor on how to obtain the quantitative, empirical data needed to parameterize models. The PLD is a period of morphological, physiological and behavioural change, which presents challenges for modelling. The present paper aims to encourage the inclusion of larval behaviour in biophysical dispersal models for larvae of marine demersal fishes by providing practical suggestions, advice and insights about obtaining and incorporating behaviour of larval fishes into such models based on experience. Key issues are features of different behavioural metrics, incorporation of ontogenetic, temporal, spatial and among-individual variation, and model validation. Research on behaviour of larvae of study species should be part of any modelling effort. View Full-Text
Keywords: dispersal; larva; marine fish; behaviour; biophysical model; swimming; orientation; vertical distribution; mortality; pelagic egg; pelagic larval duration dispersal; larva; marine fish; behaviour; biophysical model; swimming; orientation; vertical distribution; mortality; pelagic egg; pelagic larval duration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leis, J.M. Perspectives on Larval Behaviour in Biophysical Modelling of Larval Dispersal in Marine, Demersal Fishes. Oceans 2021, 2, 1-25. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/oceans2010001

AMA Style

Leis JM. Perspectives on Larval Behaviour in Biophysical Modelling of Larval Dispersal in Marine, Demersal Fishes. Oceans. 2021; 2(1):1-25. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/oceans2010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leis, Jeffrey M. 2021. "Perspectives on Larval Behaviour in Biophysical Modelling of Larval Dispersal in Marine, Demersal Fishes" Oceans 2, no. 1: 1-25. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/oceans2010001

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