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Article

An Expert Elicitation of the Effects of Low Salinity Water Exposure on Bottlenose Dolphins

by 1,* and 2
1
SMRU Consulting, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, East Sands, Fife KY16 8LB, UK
2
Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modelling, University of St Andrews, The Observatory, Buchanan Gardens, St Andrews KY16 9LZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Werth
Received: 3 December 2020 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 9 February 2021 / Published: 14 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Mammals in a Changing World)
There is increasing concern over anthropogenically driven changes in our oceans and seas, from a variety of stressors. Such stressors include the increased risk of storms and precipitation, offshore industries and increased coastal development which can affect the marine environment. For some coastal cetacean species, there is an increased exposure to low salinity waters which have been linked with a range of adverse health effects in bottlenose dolphins. Knowledge gaps persist regarding how different time–salinity exposures affect the health and survival of animals. In such data-poor instances, expert elicitation can be used to convert an expert’s qualitative knowledge into subjective probability distributions. The management implications of this stressor and the subjective nature of expert elicitation requires transparency; we have addressed this here, utilizing the Sheffield Elicitation Framework. The results are a series of time response scenarios to estimate time to death in bottlenose dolphins, for use when data are insufficient to estimate probabilistic summaries. This study improves our understanding of how low salinity exposure effects dolphins, guiding priorities for future research, while its outputs can be used to support coastal management on a global scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: freshwater; cetacean; Tursiops sp.; wildlife management; marine biology; salinity; human disturbance; dose response freshwater; cetacean; Tursiops sp.; wildlife management; marine biology; salinity; human disturbance; dose response
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MDPI and ACS Style

Booth, C.; Thomas, L. An Expert Elicitation of the Effects of Low Salinity Water Exposure on Bottlenose Dolphins. Oceans 2021, 2, 179-192. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/oceans2010011

AMA Style

Booth C, Thomas L. An Expert Elicitation of the Effects of Low Salinity Water Exposure on Bottlenose Dolphins. Oceans. 2021; 2(1):179-192. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/oceans2010011

Chicago/Turabian Style

Booth, Cormac, and Len Thomas. 2021. "An Expert Elicitation of the Effects of Low Salinity Water Exposure on Bottlenose Dolphins" Oceans 2, no. 1: 179-192. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/oceans2010011

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