Next Issue
Volume 2, March
Previous Issue
Volume 1, September

Electrochem, Volume 1, Issue 4 (December 2020) – 8 articles

  • Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing list.
  • You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues.
  • PDF is the official format for papers published in both, html and pdf forms. To view the papers in pdf format, click on the "PDF Full-text" link, and use the free Adobe Readerexternal link to open them.
Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:
Open AccessArticle
Thermal Simulation of Phase Change Material for Cooling of a Lithium-Ion Battery Pack
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 439-449; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040029 - 15 Dec 2020
Viewed by 490
Abstract
A new heat transfer enhancement approach was proposed for the cooling system of lithium-ion batteries. A three-dimensional numerical simulation of the passive thermal management system for a battery pack was accomplished by employing ANSYS Fluent (Canonsburg, PA, USA). Phase change material was used [...] Read more.
A new heat transfer enhancement approach was proposed for the cooling system of lithium-ion batteries. A three-dimensional numerical simulation of the passive thermal management system for a battery pack was accomplished by employing ANSYS Fluent (Canonsburg, PA, USA). Phase change material was used for the thermal management of lithium-ion battery modules and as the heat transmission source to decrease battery temperature in fast charging and discharge conditions. Constant current charge and discharge were applied to lithium-ion battery modules. In the experimental part of the research, an isothermal battery calorimeter was used to determine the heat dissipation of lithium-ion batteries. Thermal performance was simulated for the presence of phase change material composites. Simulation outcomes demonstrate that phase change material cooling considerably decreases the lithium-ion battery temperature increase during fast charging and discharging conditions use. The greatest temperature at the end of 9 C, 7 C, 5 C, and 3 C charges and discharges were approximately 49.7, 44.6, 38.4, and 33.1 °C, respectively, demonstrating satisfactory performance in lithium-ion battery thermal homogeneity of the passive thermal management system. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessReview
Metal-Free Carbon-Based Supercapacitors—A Comprehensive Review
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 410-438; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040028 - 13 Nov 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 609
Abstract
Herein, metal-free heteroatom doped carbon-based materials are being reviewed for supercapacitor and energy applications. Most of these low-cost materials considered are also derived from renewable resources. Various forms of carbon that have been employed for supercapacitor applications are described in detail, and advantages [...] Read more.
Herein, metal-free heteroatom doped carbon-based materials are being reviewed for supercapacitor and energy applications. Most of these low-cost materials considered are also derived from renewable resources. Various forms of carbon that have been employed for supercapacitor applications are described in detail, and advantages as well as disadvantages of each form are presented. Different methodologies that are being used to develop these materials are also discussed. To increase the specific capacitance, carbon-based materials are often doped with different elements. The role of doping elements on the performance of supercapacitors has been critically reviewed. It has been demonstrated that a higher content of doping elements significantly improves the supercapacitor behavior of carbon compounds. In order to attain a high percentage of elemental doping, precursors with variable ratios as well as simple modifications in the syntheses scheme have been employed. Significance of carbon-based materials doped with one and more than one heteroatom have also been presented. In addition to doping elements, other factors which play a key role in enhancing the specific capacitance values such as surface area, morphology, pore size electrolyte, and presence of functional groups on the surface of carbon-based supercapacitor materials have also been summarized. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle
Electric Migration of Hydrogen Ion in Pore-Voltammetry Suppressed by Nafion Film
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 400-409; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040027 - 05 Nov 2020
Viewed by 634
Abstract
Micro-hole voltammetry exhibiting rectified current-voltage curves was performed in hydrochloric acid by varying the lengths and the diameters of the micro-holes on one end of which a Nafion film was mounted. Some voltammetric properties were compared with those in NaCl solution. The voltammograms [...] Read more.
Micro-hole voltammetry exhibiting rectified current-voltage curves was performed in hydrochloric acid by varying the lengths and the diameters of the micro-holes on one end of which a Nafion film was mounted. Some voltammetric properties were compared with those in NaCl solution. The voltammograms were composed of two line-segments, the slope of one segment being larger than the other. They were controlled by electric migration partly because of the linearity of the voltammograms and partly the independence of the scan rates. Since the low conductance which appeared in the current from the hole to the Nafion film was proportional to the cross section area of the hole and the inverse of the length of the hole, it should be controlled by the geometry of the hole. The conductance of the hydrogen ion in the Nafion film was observed to be smaller than that in the bulk, because the transport rate of hydrogen ion by the Grotthuss mechanism was hindered by the destruction of hydrogen bonds in the film. In contrast, the conductance for the current from the Nafion to the hole, enhancing by up to 30 times in magnitude from the opposite current, was controlled by the cell geometry rather than the hole geometry except for very small holes. A reason for the enhancement is a supply of hydrogen ions from the Nafion to increase the concentration in the hole. The concentration of the hydrogen ion was five times smaller than that of sodium ion because of the blocking of transport of the hydrogen ion in the Nafion film. However, the rectification ratio of H+ was twice as large as that of Na+. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Open AccessCommunication
Catalytic Activity of Atomic Gold-Decorated Polyaniline Support in Glucose Oxidation
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 394-399; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040026 - 01 Nov 2020
Viewed by 623
Abstract
Atomic-level gold clusters are decorated on a polyaniline (PANI) support by a cyclic atomic electrodeposition process, and the catalytic activity in the oxidation of glucose is studied. The evaluation is conducted by cyclic voltammetry using atomic-level gold clusters-decorated PANI (PANI/AuN, where [...] Read more.
Atomic-level gold clusters are decorated on a polyaniline (PANI) support by a cyclic atomic electrodeposition process, and the catalytic activity in the oxidation of glucose is studied. The evaluation is conducted by cyclic voltammetry using atomic-level gold clusters-decorated PANI (PANI/AuN, where N indicates the atomic size of the Au cluster and N = 1~3 in this study) as the working electrode and a solution containing 0 to 50.0 mM of glucose in phosphate-buffered saline. The catalytic activity is determined from the oxidation current observed at around +0.6 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The catalytic activity is found to be affected by the size of gold clusters decorated on the PANI/AuN, whereby the catalytic activity is low when N is 1 or 3. On the other hand, an obvious enhancement in the catalytic activity is observed for the PANI/Au2 electrode. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle
Co-Electrodeposition of Au–TiO2 Nanocomposite and the Micro-Mechanical Properties
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 388-393; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040025 - 01 Nov 2020
Viewed by 583
Abstract
Strengthening of electrodeposited Au-based materials is achieved by co-electrodeposition with TiO2 nanoparticles dispersed in a sulfide-based gold electrolyte. TiO2 content in the composite film is adjusted by concentration of the TiO2 in the gold electrolyte. Effects of the TiO2 [...] Read more.
Strengthening of electrodeposited Au-based materials is achieved by co-electrodeposition with TiO2 nanoparticles dispersed in a sulfide-based gold electrolyte. TiO2 content in the composite film is adjusted by concentration of the TiO2 in the gold electrolyte. Effects of the TiO2 content on surface morphology, crystalline structure and microstructure of the composite film are investigated. Mechanical properties of the Au–TiO2 composite films are evaluated by micro-Vickers hardness and micro-compression tests. The hardness increases from 135 to 207 HV when the TiO2 content is increased from 0 to 2.72 wt%. Specimens used in the micro-compression test are micro-pillars fabricated from the composite film, and the yield strength reaches 0.84 GPa by incorporating 2.72 wt% TiO2 into the film. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessReview
Surface Characterization of Carbonaceous Materials Using Inverse Gas Chromatography: A Review
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 367-387; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040024 - 12 Oct 2020
Viewed by 666
Abstract
It is essential to understand the adsorption of guest molecules on carbon-based materials for both theoretical and practical reasons. It is crucial to analyze the surface properties of carbon-based materials with a wide range of applications (e.g., catalyst supports, hydrogen storage, sensors, adsorbents, [...] Read more.
It is essential to understand the adsorption of guest molecules on carbon-based materials for both theoretical and practical reasons. It is crucial to analyze the surface properties of carbon-based materials with a wide range of applications (e.g., catalyst supports, hydrogen storage, sensors, adsorbents, separation media, etc.). Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) as a powerful and sensitive technique can be used to characterize the surface physicochemical properties (i.e., Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, surface energy heterogeneity, heat of adsorption, specific interaction of adsorption, work of cohesion, glass transition temperatures, solubility, and so forth) of various types of materials such as powders, films, and fibers. In this review, the principles, common methods, and application of IGC are discussed. In addition, the examples of various experiments developed for the IGC to characterize the carbonaceous materials (such as carbon nanotubes, graphite, and activated carbon) are discussed. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessCommunication
Electrodeposited Copolymer Films with Tunable Conductivity
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 358-366; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040023 - 12 Oct 2020
Viewed by 598
Abstract
Conducting copolymer films were prepared from pyrrole (Py) and 1,12-di-(1-pyrrolyl) dodecane (DiPy) in an attempt to prepare conducting films that can be used as sensitive material of chemiresistor gas sensors. Copolymer thin films were obtained by electrochemical oxidation in a lithium perchlorate/acetonitrile electrolyte [...] Read more.
Conducting copolymer films were prepared from pyrrole (Py) and 1,12-di-(1-pyrrolyl) dodecane (DiPy) in an attempt to prepare conducting films that can be used as sensitive material of chemiresistor gas sensors. Copolymer thin films were obtained by electrochemical oxidation in a lithium perchlorate/acetonitrile electrolyte with different feed ratios of comonomers. Increasing the portion of DiPy in the comonomer mixture resulted in the formation of thinner and less rough copolymer films and to a modification of their morphology from a granular structure to a clover-like structure. In addition, copolymer films with very different conductivities were obtained by varying the comonomers ratio. Indeed, the conductivity of the copolymer containing 91% of Py was 2 × 105 times higher than the conductivity of the polymer containing 91% of DiPy, indicating that it is possible to tune the conductivity of the film by varying the composition of the initial comonomer mixture. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessReview
The State of the Art of Energy Harvesting and Storage in Silk Fibroin-Based Wearable and Implantable Devices
Electrochem 2020, 1(4), 344-357; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/electrochem1040022 - 02 Oct 2020
Viewed by 778
Abstract
The energy autonomy of self-powered wearable electronics depends on the adequate development of new technologies for energy harvesting and energy storage devices based on textile fibers to facilitate the integration with truly flexible and wearable devices. Silk fiber-based systems are attractive for the [...] Read more.
The energy autonomy of self-powered wearable electronics depends on the adequate development of new technologies for energy harvesting and energy storage devices based on textile fibers to facilitate the integration with truly flexible and wearable devices. Silk fiber-based systems are attractive for the design of biomedical devices, lithium-ion batteries and flexible supercapacitors, due to their nitrogen-rich structure (for preparation of hierarchical carbon-based structures), and available surface for chemical modification reinforcing electroactive properties for use in batteries and supercapacitors. Herein, this paper reviews recent advances on silk fiber-based systems for harvesting and the storage of energy and the corresponding strategies to reinforce the physical and chemical properties of the resulting composites applied as electrodes and battery separators. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Previous Issue
Next Issue
Back to TopTop