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Thyroid, Adrenal, PRL Impairments and Ovarian Function

Gynecological Endocrinology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41124 Modena, Italy
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Academic Editor: Antonio Brunetti
Received: 14 May 2021 / Revised: 12 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
Endocrine axes (prolactin, thyroid and adrenal axes) directly and indirectly modulate and drive human female central functions, mainly behavior and reproduction. Though having distinct abilities, they greatly act both at peripheral as well as at neuroendocrine levels, so as to participate in the control of reproduction. Any event that changes these balanced activities produces specific peripheral signals that induce abnormal functions centrally, thus triggering menstrual disorders such as oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea. It is clear that the knowledge of the relationships that exist between the different endocrine axes becomes essential for the choice of therapeutical approach. This review aims to focus on the main aspects of the physiopathology of the endocrine diseases that might be at the basis of that interference with female reproductive capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypothyroidism; PRL; hyperthyroidism; hyperandrogenism; adrenal axis; anovulation; reproductive axis hypothyroidism; PRL; hyperthyroidism; hyperandrogenism; adrenal axis; anovulation; reproductive axis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tomatis, V.; Battipaglia, C.; Genazzani, A.D. Thyroid, Adrenal, PRL Impairments and Ovarian Function. Endocrines 2021, 2, 212-225. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/endocrines2030021

AMA Style

Tomatis V, Battipaglia C, Genazzani AD. Thyroid, Adrenal, PRL Impairments and Ovarian Function. Endocrines. 2021; 2(3):212-225. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/endocrines2030021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tomatis, Veronica, Christian Battipaglia, and Alessandro D. Genazzani 2021. "Thyroid, Adrenal, PRL Impairments and Ovarian Function" Endocrines 2, no. 3: 212-225. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/endocrines2030021

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