Next Article in Journal
COVID-19 Epidemic in Bangladesh among Rural and Urban Residents: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices
Next Article in Special Issue
Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Refugee and Migrant Patients in a Primary Healthcare Setting in Greece: A Pilot Intervention
Previous Article in Journal
Stillbirth Risk during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic in Arizona, USA
Article

Factors and Inequality of Underweight and Overweight among Women of Reproductive Age in Myanmar: Evidence from the Demographic Health Survey 2015–2016

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
2
Department of Social and Public Health, College of Health Sciences and Professions, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, USA
3
Nutrition and Clinical Services Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), 68 Shaheed Tajudddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(1) Background: This study aims to identify the factors of underweight and overweight/obesity among reproductive age (15–49 years) women in Myanmar, and assess the level of inequity in the double burden of malnutrition. (2) Methods: The study used Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey 2015–2016 data. Multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to identify the factors affecting underweight and overweight/obesity; and concentration indices (CI) were estimated to assess socioeconomic inequalities. (3) Results: A total of 12,643 reproductive age women were included in the analysis. Higher risk of underweight was found in women aged 20–29 years, aged 30–39 years, and 40–49 years compared to women aged 15–19 years; women who were unemployed or had manual occupation relative to those in non-manual employment. Women aged 40–49 years (compared to those who were 15–29 years); had primary education, and secondary education (compared to those who had no education); being married, and widowed/divorced/separated (compared to being never married); belonging to the poor quintile, middle quintile, richer, richest quintile (compared to the poorest quintile); having residence in urban areas (compared to rural areas) and in Kachin, Taninthayi, Yangon province (than those who lived in Naypytiaw province) had a higher risk of being overweight/obese. Socioeconomic inequalities were detected, with overweight/obesity strongly concentrated (CI: 0.19) amongst the higher quintiles and underweight concentrated (CI: −0.060) amongst the poorest. (4) Conclusions: Equity oriented nutrition interventions with a focus on improving the socioeconomic status of poor households may benefit undernourished women, while richer households should be focused to curb the overweight/obesity problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: underweight; overweight; determinants; Myanmar underweight; overweight; determinants; Myanmar
MDPI and ACS Style

Gupta, R.D.; Haider, M.R.; Das, S. Factors and Inequality of Underweight and Overweight among Women of Reproductive Age in Myanmar: Evidence from the Demographic Health Survey 2015–2016. Epidemiologia 2020, 1, 31-43. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/epidemiologia1010006

AMA Style

Gupta RD, Haider MR, Das S. Factors and Inequality of Underweight and Overweight among Women of Reproductive Age in Myanmar: Evidence from the Demographic Health Survey 2015–2016. Epidemiologia. 2020; 1(1):31-43. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/epidemiologia1010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gupta, Rajat D., Mohammad R. Haider, and Subhasish Das. 2020. "Factors and Inequality of Underweight and Overweight among Women of Reproductive Age in Myanmar: Evidence from the Demographic Health Survey 2015–2016" Epidemiologia 1, no. 1: 31-43. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/epidemiologia1010006

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop