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Open AccessSystematic Review

Isolated Medial Subtalar Joint Dislocation during Sports Activities: A Systematic Review of the Literature with Individual Participant Data Analysis

1
Orthopaedic, Oncological and Traumatological Clinic, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology (DiSCOG), University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Neurosciences, Institute of Human Anatomy, University of Padua, 35121 Padua, Italy
3
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Laboratory for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (LIAM), York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 January 2021 / Revised: 18 February 2021 / Accepted: 26 February 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Osteology)
In athletes, one of the most common injuries is a sprained ankle. If the energy of the trauma is particularly high, this type of injury can lead to an isolated medial dislocation of the subtalar joint (STJ), a rare condition poorly described in the literature. The aim of this study was to verify if a reliable conservative treatment and a specific physiotherapy rehabilitation protocol in isolated medial dislocation of the STJ in athletes is described in the literature. A systematic review of the published literature of the last 11 years was performed by applying the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines using three databases: Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science. The keywords used were “(subtalar OR talocalcaneal) AND dislocation”. We considered only studies that included professional or amateur athletes (athletic patients). We used the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale, range of motion (ROM) of the subtalar and ankle joint, subtalar and talonavicular joint osteoarthritis, and patient feedback to evaluate their outcomes. A total of 12 studies were included in our review, with a total of 26 athletic patients. Sixteen of them had good results with the correlation between the duration of immobilisation and the outcomes. Nevertheless, due to the small number of patients included in the analysed studies on this subject in the literature, there is not yet a univocal clinical protocol to treat the isolated medial subtalar joint dislocation (STJD) warranting further research in the field. View Full-Text
Keywords: subtalar joint dislocation; talocalcaneal dislocation; sports injuries; ankle; athletes; conservative subtalar joint dislocation; talocalcaneal dislocation; sports injuries; ankle; athletes; conservative
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MDPI and ACS Style

Biz, C.; Baldin, G.; Cappelletto, C.; Bragazzi, N.L.; Nicoletti, P.; Crimì, A.; Ruggieri, P. Isolated Medial Subtalar Joint Dislocation during Sports Activities: A Systematic Review of the Literature with Individual Participant Data Analysis. Osteology 2021, 1, 48-61. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/osteology1010005

AMA Style

Biz C, Baldin G, Cappelletto C, Bragazzi NL, Nicoletti P, Crimì A, Ruggieri P. Isolated Medial Subtalar Joint Dislocation during Sports Activities: A Systematic Review of the Literature with Individual Participant Data Analysis. Osteology. 2021; 1(1):48-61. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/osteology1010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Biz, Carlo; Baldin, Giovanni; Cappelletto, Claudia; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Nicoletti, Pietro; Crimì, Alberto; Ruggieri, Pietro. 2021. "Isolated Medial Subtalar Joint Dislocation during Sports Activities: A Systematic Review of the Literature with Individual Participant Data Analysis" Osteology 1, no. 1: 48-61. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/osteology1010005

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