Next Issue
Volume 1, December

Surgeries, Volume 1, Issue 1 (September 2020) – 5 articles

  • Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing list.
  • You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues.
  • PDF is the official format for papers published in both, html and pdf forms. To view the papers in pdf format, click on the "PDF Full-text" link, and use the free Adobe Readerexternal link to open them.
Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:
Article
Pancreatic Resection in Older Patients: A Retrospective Single-Center Outcome Analysis
Surgeries 2020, 1(1), 30-45; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/surgeries1010005 - 24 Aug 2020
Viewed by 854
Abstract
Due to increasing life expectancy and improved diagnostic sensitivity, a growing number of older patients are presenting with resectable pancreatic disease entities and are being evaluated for surgery. Intended as an internal quality control for patient selection, we aimed at evaluating septuagenarians and [...] Read more.
Due to increasing life expectancy and improved diagnostic sensitivity, a growing number of older patients are presenting with resectable pancreatic disease entities and are being evaluated for surgery. Intended as an internal quality control for patient selection, we aimed at evaluating septuagenarians and octogenarians compared with patients younger than 70 years of age regarding early postoperative outcome in general, and long-term oncologic outcome in the case of resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A total number of 1231 patients who underwent pancreatic resection for any entity between 2007 and 2019 at our tertiary university medical center in Germany were retrospectively analyzed, accessing a prospectively maintained database. Participants were divided into three groups based on age (<70 years: N = 761; 70–79 years: N = 385; 80–89 years: N = 85) and were evaluated with regard to perioperative variables, postoperative morbidity, mortality and overall survival for the subgroup of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Pancreatic resection in older individuals was not infrequent. When surgery was performed for carcinoma, patients >70 years of age even constituted almost half of the cases. In spite of increased American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA)-scores and more frequent comorbidities in older patients, similar rates for postoperative morbidity and mortality were observed in all age groups. A significant disparity in the use of (neo-) adjuvant therapy between younger and older pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients was detected. However, median overall survival did not significantly differ between all age groups (<70 years: 28 (95%-CI: 22–34) months; 70–79 years: 21 (17–25) months; 80–89 years: 15 (9–21) months). In conclusion, elderly patients can experience similar perioperative outcomes to those of younger individuals after major pancreatic surgery. The survival benefit from resection of localized pancreatic adenocarcinoma is largely independent of patient age. The results are reassuring with respect to our preoperative practice and clinical judgment regarding careful patient selection. Future randomized trials should decidedly include elderly patients to generate more robust evidence to further optimize treatment recommendation and choice. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Improving Medical Student’s Knowledge and Understanding of Fecal Incontinence
Surgeries 2020, 1(1), 21-29; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/surgeries1010004 - 11 Aug 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 890
Abstract
Introduction. Knowledge of fecal incontinence (FI) in medical professionals is poor. Undergraduate education is limited despite its relevance to many specialties. Our aim was to review undergraduate curriculum requirements for FI across the UK and evaluate the impact of a teaching tool on [...] Read more.
Introduction. Knowledge of fecal incontinence (FI) in medical professionals is poor. Undergraduate education is limited despite its relevance to many specialties. Our aim was to review undergraduate curriculum requirements for FI across the UK and evaluate the impact of a teaching tool on medical student knowledge. Methods. Governing bodies and medical school curricula were identified and searched for FI knowledge requirements. A questionnaire was developed to assess undergraduate exposure to FI teaching. This information was consolidated with a discussion group involving medical students and used to develop an e-learning module. Intervention was performed by trialing the module in a group of medical students and evaluated with feedback. Results. There is a considerable absence of undergraduate learning requirements for FI. Only 19% of medical students had received teaching on the subject despite there being a demand for more coverage (43%). A group discussion guided the development of an e-learning module. Introduction of this significantly improved medical students understanding in all aspects of diagnosis and management of FI. Conclusions. There is a shortfall in the undergraduate curriculum requirements for this common and debilitating problem. An e-learning module can enhance knowledge and understanding in medical students to improve patient care and management. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
The Acceptability of Faecal Microbiota Transplant for Anterior Resection Syndrome (AFFINITY) Study
Surgeries 2020, 1(1), 10-20; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/surgeries1010003 - 21 Jun 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1011
Abstract
Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) is recognised as disordered bowel function after rectal resection. Temporary ileostomy is associated with LARS and with reduced colonic bacteria. Faecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is the introduction of enteric bacteria from healthy donors into a patient’s gut. We [...] Read more.
Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) is recognised as disordered bowel function after rectal resection. Temporary ileostomy is associated with LARS and with reduced colonic bacteria. Faecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is the introduction of enteric bacteria from healthy donors into a patient’s gut. We hypothesise that FMT could improve bowel function after ileostomy reversal. We aim to determine whether FMT would be acceptable to patients. Patients who had undergone anterior resection in the previous two years across four sites were sent questionnaires. A group of patients were invited to a focus group to explore their views further. There were 98 eligible patients, of whom 40 responded (41%); 67% were male, median age was 67 (range 31–83) years, and 11 still had a stoma. Of those who had their stoma reversed, 52% had major LARS symptoms. Sixty-five percent thought the concept of FMT sounded effective and 70% were willing to try it. A healthy anonymous donor and FMT via enema were the most acceptable options to the respondents. Seven patients attended the focus group; 2 female, 5 male, mean age 66 (range 45–75) years. All patients thought FMT was acceptable but the word “faecal” made it less acceptable. All participants would consider entering a trial with FMT as a treatment option. The main concerns were safety and efficacy. The majority of patients who responded thought FMT was acceptable and were willing to try it as a potential treatment option. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Opinion
Is There A Role for Limited Parotid Resections for Primary Malignant Parotid Tumors?
Surgeries 2020, 1(1), 2-9; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/surgeries1010002 - 15 Jun 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1212
Abstract
(1) Background: Lateral or total parotidectomy are the standard surgical treatments for malignant parotid tumors. However, some authors have proposed a more limited procedure. (2) Methods: We performed a review of the literature on this topic. Studies were included that met the following [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Lateral or total parotidectomy are the standard surgical treatments for malignant parotid tumors. However, some authors have proposed a more limited procedure. (2) Methods: We performed a review of the literature on this topic. Studies were included that met the following criteria: malignant parotid tumors, information about the extent of surgical resection, treated with less than a complete lateral lobectomy, and information on local control and/or survival. Nine articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. (3) Results: Eight of the nine series reported favorable results for the more limited approaches. Most used them for small, mobile, low-grade cancers in the lateral parotid lobe. Most authors have used a limited partial lateral lobectomy for a presumed benign lesion. The remaining study analyzed pediatric patients treated with enucleation with poor local control. (4) Conclusions: There is weak evidence for recommending less extensive procedures than a lateral parotid lobectomy. In the unique case of a partial lateral parotidectomy performed for a tumor initially thought to be benign but pathologically proved to be malignant, close follow-up can be recommended for low grade T1 that has been excised with free margins and does not have adverse prognostic factors. Full article
Editorial
Welcome to Surgeries: A New Open Access Platform for Clinical and Experimental Research and Developments in All Fields of Surgery
Surgeries 2020, 1(1), 1; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/surgeries1010001 - 05 Mar 2020
Viewed by 1003
Abstract
Dear readers, authors, and reviewers of Surgeries, [...] Full article
Next Issue
Back to TopTop