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Review

Biofunctionalization of Endolysins with Oligosacharides: Formulation of Therapeutic Agents to Combat Multi-Resistant Bacteria and Potential Strategies for Their Application

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Laboratorio de Investigación en Alimentos, I.T.Tepic, Tecnológico Nacional de México, Avenida Tecnológico No. 2595, Lagos del Country, Tepic 63175, Nayarit, Mexico
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CONACyT-Instituto Politécnico Nacional-CICIMAR, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional S/N. Col. Playa Palo de Santa Rita, La Paz 23096, Baja California Sur, Mexico
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Laboratorio de Investigación en Nanomateriales, Agua y Energía, Departamento de Ingenierías, Centro Universitario de Los Altos, Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Rafael Casillas Aceves No. 1200, Tepatitlán de Morelos 47620, Jalisco, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Cédric Delattre, Paolina Lukova and Guillaume Pierre
Received: 18 February 2022 / Revised: 7 March 2022 / Accepted: 9 March 2022 / Published: 23 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection Current Opinion in Polysaccharides)
In the aquaculture sector, the biofunctionalization of biomaterials is discussed using materials from algae and analyzed as a possible potential strategy to overcome the challenges that hinder the future development of the application of endolysins in this field. Derived from years of analysis, endolysins have recently been considered as potential alternative therapeutic antibacterial agents, due to their attributes and ability to combat multi-resistant bacterial cells when applied externally. On the other hand, although the aquaculture sector has been characterized by its high production rates, serious infectious diseases have led to significant economic losses that persist to this day. Although there are currently interesting data from studies under in vitro conditions on the application of endolysins in this sector, there is little or no information on in vivo studies. This lack of analysis can be attributed to the relatively low stability of endolysins in marine conditions and to the complex gastrointestinal conditions of the organisms. This review provides updated information regarding the application of endolysins against multi-resistant bacteria of clinical and nutritional interest, previously addressing their important characteristics (structure, properties and stability). In addition, regarding the aquaculture sector, the biofunctionalization of biomaterials is discussed using materials from algae and analyzed as a possible potential strategy to overcome the challenges that hinder the future development of the application of endolysins in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: endolysins; antibiotics; aquaculture; biofunctionalization endolysins; antibiotics; aquaculture; biofunctionalization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Camacho-González, C.E.; Cardona-Félix, C.S.; Zamora-Gasga, V.; Pérez-Larios, A.; Sánchez-Burgos, J.A. Biofunctionalization of Endolysins with Oligosacharides: Formulation of Therapeutic Agents to Combat Multi-Resistant Bacteria and Potential Strategies for Their Application. Polysaccharides 2022, 3, 306-325. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/polysaccharides3020018

AMA Style

Camacho-González CE, Cardona-Félix CS, Zamora-Gasga V, Pérez-Larios A, Sánchez-Burgos JA. Biofunctionalization of Endolysins with Oligosacharides: Formulation of Therapeutic Agents to Combat Multi-Resistant Bacteria and Potential Strategies for Their Application. Polysaccharides. 2022; 3(2):306-325. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/polysaccharides3020018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Camacho-González, Carlos E., César S. Cardona-Félix, Victor Zamora-Gasga, Alejandro Pérez-Larios, and Jorge A. Sánchez-Burgos. 2022. "Biofunctionalization of Endolysins with Oligosacharides: Formulation of Therapeutic Agents to Combat Multi-Resistant Bacteria and Potential Strategies for Their Application" Polysaccharides 3, no. 2: 306-325. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/polysaccharides3020018

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