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Systematic Review

The Impact of Resistance Training on Body Composition, Muscle Strength, and Functional Fitness in Older Women (45–80 Years): A Systematic Review (2010–2020)

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College of Health and Human Sciences, Northern Illinois University, 227 Wirtz Hall, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
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Center for Health Equity Research, Northern Arizona University, 1395 S Knoles Drive, Suite 140, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
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Department of Psychological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 1100 S Beaver St., Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
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Department of Health Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 1100 S Beaver St., Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
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School of Nursing, Northern Arizona University, 202 E Pine Knoll Dr., Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
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Department of Sociology, Northern Arizona University, 5 E McConnell Dr., Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
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Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, Northern Arizona University, 405 N. 5th St., Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary V. Seeman
Received: 25 May 2021 / Revised: 31 August 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
As women age, they typically experience a progressive decrease in skeletal muscle mass and strength, which can lead to a decline in functional fitness and quality of life. Resistance training (RT) has the potential to attenuate these losses. Although well established for men, evidence regarding the benefits of RT for women is sparse and inconsistent: prior reviews include too few studies with women and do not adequately examine the interactive or additive impacts of workload, modalities, and nutritional supplements on outcomes such as muscle mass (MM), body composition (BC), muscle strength (MS), and functional fitness (FF). The purpose of this review is to identify these gaps. Thirty-eight papers published between 2010 and 2020 (in English) represent 2519 subjects (mean age = 66.89 ± 4.91 years). Intervention averages include 2 to 3 × 50 min sessions across 15 weeks with 7 exercises per session and 11 repetitions per set. Twelve studies (32%) examined the impact of RT plus dietary manipulation. MM, MS, and FF showed positive changes after RT. Adding RT to fitness regimens for peri- to postmenopausal women is likely to have positive benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: weight training; strength training; peri-menopause; post-menopause; intervention; middle-aged women weight training; strength training; peri-menopause; post-menopause; intervention; middle-aged women
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ransdell, L.B.; Wayment, H.A.; Lopez, N.; Lorts, C.; Schwartz, A.L.; Pugliesi, K.; Pohl, P.S.; Bycura, D.; Camplain, R. The Impact of Resistance Training on Body Composition, Muscle Strength, and Functional Fitness in Older Women (45–80 Years): A Systematic Review (2010–2020). Women 2021, 1, 143-168. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1030014

AMA Style

Ransdell LB, Wayment HA, Lopez N, Lorts C, Schwartz AL, Pugliesi K, Pohl PS, Bycura D, Camplain R. The Impact of Resistance Training on Body Composition, Muscle Strength, and Functional Fitness in Older Women (45–80 Years): A Systematic Review (2010–2020). Women. 2021; 1(3):143-168. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1030014

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ransdell, Lynda B., Heidi A. Wayment, Nanette Lopez, Cori Lorts, Anna L. Schwartz, Karen Pugliesi, Patricia S. Pohl, Dierdra Bycura, and Ricky Camplain. 2021. "The Impact of Resistance Training on Body Composition, Muscle Strength, and Functional Fitness in Older Women (45–80 Years): A Systematic Review (2010–2020)" Women 1, no. 3: 143-168. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1030014

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