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Article

The Association between Disordered Eating Behavior and Body Image Biological Maturation and Levels of Adipocytokines in Preadolescent Girls: The Healthy Growth Study

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Department of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, International Hellenic University, 57400 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 70 El Venizelou Avenue, 17671 Athens, Greece
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Department of Dietetics, Nutrition and Sport, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Australia
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2nd Department of Pediatrics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15772 Athens, Greece
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Hellenic Mediterranean University Research Centre, Institute of Agri-Food and Life Sciences, 71410 Heraklion, Greece
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary V. Seeman
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 14 September 2021 / Accepted: 21 September 2021 / Published: 24 September 2021
During puberty, rapid, complex hormonal, physical and cognitive changes occur that affect body image and eating behavior. The aim of this cross-sectional study, a secondary analysis of data from the Greek Healthy Growth Study, was to explore associations of disordered eating behaviors and body image in 1206 10–12-year-old girls during pubertal maturation, with serum leptin and adiponectin levels, according to body mass index (BMI). Eating behavior and disordered eating were assessed with the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and the Children Eating Attitudes Test Questionnaire (ChEAT), respectively. Associations of components of DEBQ and ChEAT with maturation according to Tanner Stage (TS) and levels of leptin and adiponectin were explored by univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Adiponectin levels in girls at TS 1 were positively associated with the “social pressure to eat” score of ChEAT. Leptin levels in girls at TS 4 were positively correlated with the “restraint eating” score of DEBQ, and the “dieting”, “body image” and “food awareness” scores of ChEAT. After adjustment for TS and BMI, only “body image” and leptin remained significant. Further research may shed light on how these hormonal changes affect eating behaviors at various pubertal stages, contributing to “TS-specific” preventive strategies for eating disorders in girls. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tanner Stage; body image; eating disorder; adiponectin; leptin; puberty Tanner Stage; body image; eating disorder; adiponectin; leptin; puberty
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vassilopoulou, E.; Tsironis, V.; Karaglani, E.; Sarapis, K.; Vasileiadi, E.; Mavrogianni, C.; Chouliaras, G.; Manios, Y.; Moschonis, G. The Association between Disordered Eating Behavior and Body Image Biological Maturation and Levels of Adipocytokines in Preadolescent Girls: The Healthy Growth Study. Women 2021, 1, 169-180. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1040015

AMA Style

Vassilopoulou E, Tsironis V, Karaglani E, Sarapis K, Vasileiadi E, Mavrogianni C, Chouliaras G, Manios Y, Moschonis G. The Association between Disordered Eating Behavior and Body Image Biological Maturation and Levels of Adipocytokines in Preadolescent Girls: The Healthy Growth Study. Women. 2021; 1(4):169-180. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1040015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vassilopoulou, Emilia, Vasilios Tsironis, Eva Karaglani, Katerina Sarapis, Emmanouela Vasileiadi, Christina Mavrogianni, Giorgos Chouliaras, Yannis Manios, and George Moschonis. 2021. "The Association between Disordered Eating Behavior and Body Image Biological Maturation and Levels of Adipocytokines in Preadolescent Girls: The Healthy Growth Study" Women 1, no. 4: 169-180. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1040015

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