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Uro, Volume 1, Issue 1 (March 2021) – 5 articles

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Review
Topical Treatment of Premature Ejaculation: The Rise of Anesthetic Spray Formulations?
Uro 2021, 1(1), 30-38; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/uro1010005 - 12 Mar 2021
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Abstract
Topical anesthetics are one of the first line therapeutical options for men with premature ejaculation (PE). Real-life PE management often involves a range of interventions including systemic drug treatments (such as off-label and on-label selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors [...] Read more.
Topical anesthetics are one of the first line therapeutical options for men with premature ejaculation (PE). Real-life PE management often involves a range of interventions including systemic drug treatments (such as off-label and on-label selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5Is)), topical anesthetic creams and sprays, and behavioral approaches. Among them, on-demand dapoxetine and lidocaine/prilocaine spray formulations are the only approved treatment options for lifelong PE. The earliest strategy to treat PE was based on the use of topical anesthetic agents. The rationale behind the use of anesthetics is that by reducing the glans penis sensitivity, the spinal and cerebral input of sexual arousal impulses may also be reduced. Oral SSRI proved to be effective to treat PE, but their high rate of side effects limit treatment adherence and both short and long term follow up data are lacking. Conversely, topical anesthetics have proved to increase ejaculatory latency, control, and sexual satisfaction in couple affected by PE with limited rates of adverse events. In this context, we aimed to perform a narrative review to summarize the most recent findings regarding the use of topical treatments for PE. Full article
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Case Report
Plasmacytoid Variant of Urothelial Carcinoma: Poor Prognostic Variant with High Expression of CDH1 Mutation
Uro 2021, 1(1), 23-29; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/uro1010004 - 04 Mar 2021
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Abstract
Plasmacytoid variant of urothelial carcinoma is a rare subtype of urothelial carcinoma that has poor prognosis. We describe two cases of patients with the plasmacytoid variant of urothelial carcinoma (PVUC) who had initial response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical cystoprostatectomy and lymph [...] Read more.
Plasmacytoid variant of urothelial carcinoma is a rare subtype of urothelial carcinoma that has poor prognosis. We describe two cases of patients with the plasmacytoid variant of urothelial carcinoma (PVUC) who had initial response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical cystoprostatectomy and lymph node dissection but presented with early relapse and disease progression manifesting with intestinal obstruction and peritoneal carcinomatosis. Tumor genomic sequencing revealed mutations and alterations in ARID1A, CDH1, PIK3CA, RB1 loss, and TERT promoter, as well as tumor mutational burden of 10 Muts/Mb treated with pembrolizumab with a minimal response. A further review of the literature regarding this rare variant is discussed here. Full article
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Review
The Quality of Life Definition: Where Are We Going?
Uro 2021, 1(1), 14-22; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/uro1010003 - 25 Feb 2021
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Abstract
The quality of life (QoL) concept now includes new aspects related to patients’ well-being because QoL has become more of a personal perception than an an objective and measurable entity. Here, we discuss the principal aspects of QoL-related aspects in urology and andrology [...] Read more.
The quality of life (QoL) concept now includes new aspects related to patients’ well-being because QoL has become more of a personal perception than an an objective and measurable entity. Here, we discuss the principal aspects of QoL-related aspects in urology and andrology by using a narrative review. Some aspects concerning the QoL are essential when managing uro-andrological patients. The aim of treatments should not only include the absence of disease or symptoms relief but also the improvement of a patient’s QoL with regard to his/her internal status and relationship with others. In this sense, any therapeutic approach should be based on the patient’s perspectives and not only on the instrumental and laboratory findings. Finally, we discussed the role of a patient’s sexual partner adding an extra dimension to the patient-centerd approach as part of the QoL concept in andrology. Full article
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Article
Comparing World Health Organization/International Society of Urological Pathology Grading and Fuhrman Grading with the Prognostic Value of Nuclear Area in Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma
Uro 2021, 1(1), 2-13; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/uro1010002 - 12 Feb 2021
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Abstract
This study was undertaken to compare Fuhrman grading with World Health Organization/International Society of Urological Pathology (WHO/ISUP) grading and stereologically measured nuclear area in patients with Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) or Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma (PRCC) and to evaluate the independent [...] Read more.
This study was undertaken to compare Fuhrman grading with World Health Organization/International Society of Urological Pathology (WHO/ISUP) grading and stereologically measured nuclear area in patients with Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) or Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma (PRCC) and to evaluate the independent predictive value of Fuhrman, WHO/ISUP and stereologically measured nuclear area combined with necrosis in a series of patients with ccRCC in relation to cancer-specific survival. In all, 124 cases of ccRCC and PRCC were included. All slides were blindly scored by two trained pathologists according to the Fuhrman and WHO/ISUP grading systems. Nuclear measurements were performed on digitally scanned slides in Visiopharm® and correlated to survival. Analysis of ccRCC and PRCC cases showed that application of WHO/ISUP grading resulted in a significant downgrading of cases from G2 to G1, when comparing with Fuhrman grading. Neither of these patients experienced progression. Cancer specific survival estimates in 101 ccRCC patients showed that WHO/ISUP grading was slightly superior in predicting cancer-specific survival. Novel models included WHO/ISUP grading and mean nuclear area (MNA) each of which combined with necrosis. Both demonstrated an increased ability to predict cancer-specific survival. The study demonstrates that WHO/ISUP grading provides superior prognostic information compared to Fuhrman grading and stereologically measured nuclear area. Necrosis in combination with either WHO/ISUP grading or MNA adds additional prognostic information. Full article
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Editorial
Welcome to Uro: A New Open Access Platform for Clinical and Experimental Research and Developments in All Fields of Urology and Andrology
Uro 2021, 1(1), 1; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/uro1010001 - 10 Oct 2020
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Abstract
Dear esteemed researchers and colleagues, [...] Full article
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