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The Activation Relationship to Father and the Attachment Relationship to Mother in Children with Externalizing Behaviors and Receiving Psychiatric Care

1
School of Psychoeducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
2
Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada
3
Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
4
Perinatal and Early Childhood Psychiatry Clinic, Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center and Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3T 1C5, Canada
5
Department of Psychology, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 12 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
The activation relationship refers to the emotional bond a child develops with a parent that helps ensure the regulation of risk-taking during child exploration of the surrounding environment. As a complement to Bowlby’s attachment theory, activation relationship theory provides a greater understanding of the impact of fathering on child development, focusing primarily on parental stimulation of risk-taking and control during child exploration. The overarching objective of this article is to better understand the association between children’s relationship quality with both parents, via the activation to father and the attachment to mother relationships, and child externalizing behaviors in a clinical sample. Fifty two-parent families (40 boys and 10 girls) were recruited at random from a population of children receiving treatment at the perinatal and early childhood psychiatry clinic. Results with 44 children (with complete cases) showed that overactivated preschoolers displayed more externalizing behaviors than did children with either an activated or an under-activated relationship with their father. Results also showed that children with a disorganized-controlling caregiving attachment to their mother marginally presented with higher levels of externalizing behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: externalizing behavior; activation relationship; attachment; father; evolutionary perspective externalizing behavior; activation relationship; attachment; father; evolutionary perspective
MDPI and ACS Style

Paquette, D.; Cyr, C.; Gaumon, S.; St-André, M.; Émond-Nakamura, M.; Boisjoly, L.; Stikarovska, I.; Bisaillon, C.; Puentes-Neuman, G. The Activation Relationship to Father and the Attachment Relationship to Mother in Children with Externalizing Behaviors and Receiving Psychiatric Care. Psychiatry Int. 2021, 2, 59-70. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/psychiatryint2010005

AMA Style

Paquette D, Cyr C, Gaumon S, St-André M, Émond-Nakamura M, Boisjoly L, Stikarovska I, Bisaillon C, Puentes-Neuman G. The Activation Relationship to Father and the Attachment Relationship to Mother in Children with Externalizing Behaviors and Receiving Psychiatric Care. Psychiatry International. 2021; 2(1):59-70. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/psychiatryint2010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paquette, Daniel, Chantal Cyr, Sébastien Gaumon, Martin St-André, Mutsuko Émond-Nakamura, Louise Boisjoly, Irena Stikarovska, Claud Bisaillon, and Guadalupe Puentes-Neuman. 2021. "The Activation Relationship to Father and the Attachment Relationship to Mother in Children with Externalizing Behaviors and Receiving Psychiatric Care" Psychiatry International 2, no. 1: 59-70. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/psychiatryint2010005

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