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Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sheep and Goats from Romania

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara, Calea Aradului, No. 119, Timisoara, 300645 Timis, Romania
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Academic Editor: Geoff Hide
Received: 13 February 2021 / Revised: 14 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
Toxoplasma gondii infections in sheep and goats are important economically and for public health for many countries, including Romania. In this study, seroprevalence and associated risk factors for T. gondii infection were determined in 2500 sheep and 500 goats from three counties in the Banat region of Romania. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 1266 of 2500 (50.64%) sheep and in 375 (75%) of 500 goats, by using a commercial (IDEXX) ELISA. To evaluate the epidemiological status of the infection, some risk factors for ovine and caprine T. gondii infections were assessed. The main risk factors associated with T. gondii infections were breed, age, and the presence of cats in the farm. Seroprevalence was higher in animals older than three years and in purebred versus mixed breed animals. This is the first detailed study of risk factors associated with T. gondii seroprevalence in sheep and goats in Romania. View Full-Text
Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii; sheep; goats; risk factor Toxoplasma gondii; sheep; goats; risk factor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hotea, I.; Herman, V.; Tîrziu, E.; Colibar, O.; Brudiu, I.; Sîrbu, C.; Dărăbuș, G. Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sheep and Goats from Romania. Parasitologia 2021, 1, 36-44. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/parasitologia1020005

AMA Style

Hotea I, Herman V, Tîrziu E, Colibar O, Brudiu I, Sîrbu C, Dărăbuș G. Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sheep and Goats from Romania. Parasitologia. 2021; 1(2):36-44. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/parasitologia1020005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hotea, Ionela, Viorel Herman, Emil Tîrziu, Olimpia Colibar, Ileana Brudiu, Cătălin Sîrbu, and Gheorghe Dărăbuș. 2021. "Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sheep and Goats from Romania" Parasitologia 1, no. 2: 36-44. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/parasitologia1020005

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