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Conservation: A New Open Access Journal for Rapid Dissemination of the Transdisciplinary Dimensions of Biodiversity Conservation
Article

Does Traditional Agroforestry a Sustainable Production System in Bangladesh? An Analysis of Socioeconomic and Ecological Perspectives

1
Department of Agroforestry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
2
Natural Resource Management Division (Forestry Unit), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh
3
Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antoni Margalida
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 26 February 2021 / Accepted: 26 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
In the tropics, products and services provided by the traditional agroforestry systems (TAS) support the basic needs and promote the livelihood of millions of rural people. However, the outcomes and mitigation of TAS, in particular, the social and environmental issues are not systematically addressed. Thus, the objective of the study was to assess the economic, social and environmental outcomes of two important TAS in Bangladesh. This study reports results on prospective analyses using the Date palm and Jackfruit-based TAS practiced in the Jashore and Mymensingh districts of Bangladesh. The results revealed that the TAS enhanced farm productivity and the benefit–cost ratio of both systems were much higher than the general agricultural practices in Bangladesh. The TAS also improved resilience of rural farmers through more efficient water utilization, enhancing soil fertility, improving microclimate, controlling pests and diseases, and diversifying products. At the same time, the farmers’ problems were neglected due to the absence of farmers’ platforms, and also tradeoffs may arise; thus, the social aspects of the TAS farmers had not developed equally. Therefore, the study would recommend minimizing the tradeoffs through enhancing the conservation strategies at farmers’ levels to make the TAS more viable and sustainable land-use practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroforestry; economic; social; ecological; mitigation; tradeoffs; conservation agroforestry; economic; social; ecological; mitigation; tradeoffs; conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Islam, K.K.; Saifullah, M.; Hyakumura, K. Does Traditional Agroforestry a Sustainable Production System in Bangladesh? An Analysis of Socioeconomic and Ecological Perspectives. Conservation 2021, 1, 21-35. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1010003

AMA Style

Islam KK, Saifullah M, Hyakumura K. Does Traditional Agroforestry a Sustainable Production System in Bangladesh? An Analysis of Socioeconomic and Ecological Perspectives. Conservation. 2021; 1(1):21-35. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Islam, Kazi K., Mohammad Saifullah, and Kimihiko Hyakumura. 2021. "Does Traditional Agroforestry a Sustainable Production System in Bangladesh? An Analysis of Socioeconomic and Ecological Perspectives" Conservation 1, no. 1: 21-35. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1010003

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