Next Article in Journal
A Singular Concept of Biodiversity Remains the Best Way to Address the Plural Values of Nature in Conservation Planning
Previous Article in Journal
Functional Diversity within Gut Microbiomes: Implications for Conserving Biodiversity
Article

Earthquake Impacts on the Livelihoods of Community Forest Users in Sindhupalchok District, Nepal, and Their Perceptions towards Forest Conservation

Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guillermo Blanco
Received: 24 August 2021 / Revised: 16 November 2021 / Accepted: 19 November 2021 / Published: 23 November 2021
Community forests are a crucial component of farming systems and people’s livelihoods in the rural middle hills of Nepal, where the population depends upon the forest for fuelwood, fodder, and leaf litter for their daily needs. This study aims to assess the perception of community forest user groups towards their postearthquake situations by using the five forms of capital from the sustainable livelihood framework. It further analyzes whether forest user’s attitudes towards forest conservation have changed or not. In addition to household interviews with 68 earthquake-affected households and extensive visits to the study area, key informant interviews and focus group discussions were conducted. This study confirms that the community forest user groups perceived negative effects on the natural, physical, human, and financial capitals, whereas they perceived a positive effect on social capital after the earthquake. Controlled access to forest products, such as timber collection during the recovery phase, restricted their resilience, although nontimber forest products supported it. Low agricultural production because of the scarcity of water for irrigation, as well as the soil infertility because of the landslides, caused local people to shift towards nonagricultural activities for income generation. Further, out-migration for job opportunities resulted in an inflow of remittances and, thus, manpower shortages were observed. Our results show that, despite facing the postdisaster impact on their livelihoods, 92% of the respondents were found to be positive towards forest conservation. This was because of their emotional attachment to the forest and the benefits received from the forest in the past. Local institutional policies and mechanisms must be strengthened to provide communities with the knowledge, skills, and practices for effective postdisaster recovery or for upcoming disasters, as well as the benefits of promoting sustainable forest conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: community forest; earthquake impact; livelihood; conservation; Nepal community forest; earthquake impact; livelihood; conservation; Nepal
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Adhikari, S.; Harada, K.; Dahal, N.K.; Kandel, S. Earthquake Impacts on the Livelihoods of Community Forest Users in Sindhupalchok District, Nepal, and Their Perceptions towards Forest Conservation. Conservation 2021, 1, 327-341. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1040025

AMA Style

Adhikari S, Harada K, Dahal NK, Kandel S. Earthquake Impacts on the Livelihoods of Community Forest Users in Sindhupalchok District, Nepal, and Their Perceptions towards Forest Conservation. Conservation. 2021; 1(4):327-341. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1040025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adhikari, Sudha, Kazuhiro Harada, Nabin K. Dahal, and Saroj Kandel. 2021. "Earthquake Impacts on the Livelihoods of Community Forest Users in Sindhupalchok District, Nepal, and Their Perceptions towards Forest Conservation" Conservation 1, no. 4: 327-341. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1040025

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop