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Extraction and Application of Pigment from Serratia marcescens SB08, an Insect Enteric Gut Bacterium, for Textile Dyeing

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Department of Biotechnology, Anna University, Regional Campus-Coimbatore, Coimbatore 641046, India
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Department of Environmental Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641046, India
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ESIROI Département Agroalimentaire, CHEMBIOPRO Chimie et Biotechnologie des Produits Naturels, Université de la Réunion, F-97490 Sainte-Clotilde, Ile de La Réunion, France
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Centre for Materials Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai 600073, India
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Department of Chemistry, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam 638401, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Young Il Park and Desislava Staneva
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 5 May 2021
As an investigative study, the potent bacterium Serratia marcescens SB08 was screened from the enteric gut of sulfur butterfly (Kricogonia lyside). Its pigment potential was tested, and the pigment was identified as prodigiosin by structural studies using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectroscopy (GC–MS), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). Various conditions, including pH, reaction time, temperature, color intensity, and fastness properties, were studied for pure silk, China silk, and cotton yarns, and the conditions for effective dyeing were optimized. Further, the pigment’s antimicrobial pursuit was tested to counter the common pathogens Bacillus subtilis MTCC2388, Escherichia coli MTCC443, Klebsiella pneumonia MTCC109, Proteus vulgaris MTCC1771, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC1688. The pigment was largely effectual and exhibited utmost zones of inhibition, thus demonstrating the finest antimicrobial effect against the microbes tested. The textile yarn materials soaked with this intrinsic dye pigment also exhibited antimicrobial action. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial activity; identification; optimization; prodigiosin; Serratia marcescens SB08; textile yarns antimicrobial activity; identification; optimization; prodigiosin; Serratia marcescens SB08; textile yarns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Venil, C.K.; Dufossé, L.; Velmurugan, P.; Malathi, M.; Lakshmanaperumalsamy, P. Extraction and Application of Pigment from Serratia marcescens SB08, an Insect Enteric Gut Bacterium, for Textile Dyeing. Textiles 2021, 1, 21-36. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010003

AMA Style

Venil CK, Dufossé L, Velmurugan P, Malathi M, Lakshmanaperumalsamy P. Extraction and Application of Pigment from Serratia marcescens SB08, an Insect Enteric Gut Bacterium, for Textile Dyeing. Textiles. 2021; 1(1):21-36. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Venil, Chidambaram K., Laurent Dufossé, Palanivel Velmurugan, Mahalingam Malathi, and Perumalsamy Lakshmanaperumalsamy. 2021. "Extraction and Application of Pigment from Serratia marcescens SB08, an Insect Enteric Gut Bacterium, for Textile Dyeing" Textiles 1, no. 1: 21-36. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010003

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