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Review

Washability of E-Textiles: Failure Modes and Influences on Washing Reliability

Research Centre for Microperipheric Technologies, Technische Universiät Berlin, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Philippe Boisse
Received: 7 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibrous Materials (Textiles) for Functional Applications)
E-textiles, hybrid products that incorporate electronic functionality into textiles, often need to withstand washing procedures to ensure textile typical usability. Yet, the washability—which is essential for many e-textile applications like medical or sports due to hygiene requirements—is often still insufficient. The influence factors for washing damage in textile integrated electronics as well as common weak points are not extensively researched, which makes a targeted approach to improve washability in e-textiles difficult. As a step towards reliably washable e-textiles, this review bundles existing information and findings on the topic: a summary of common failure modes in e-textiles brought about by washing as well as influencing parameters that affect the washability of e-textiles. The findings of this paper can be utilized in the development of e-textile systems with an improved washability. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic textiles; e-textiles; smart textiles; wash testing; washability; reliability; failure modes electronic textiles; e-textiles; smart textiles; wash testing; washability; reliability; failure modes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rotzler, S.; Schneider-Ramelow, M. Washability of E-Textiles: Failure Modes and Influences on Washing Reliability. Textiles 2021, 1, 37-54. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010004

AMA Style

Rotzler S, Schneider-Ramelow M. Washability of E-Textiles: Failure Modes and Influences on Washing Reliability. Textiles. 2021; 1(1):37-54. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rotzler, Sigrid, and Martin Schneider-Ramelow. 2021. "Washability of E-Textiles: Failure Modes and Influences on Washing Reliability" Textiles 1, no. 1: 37-54. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010004

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