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Review

A Review of Recent Developments in Composites Made of Recycled Carbon Fiber Textiles

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The Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education, University of Tennessee, 325 John D. Tickle Engineering Building, 851 Neyland Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
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Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Biomedical Engineering, Fibers and Composites Manufacturing Facility, University of Tennessee, 414 Dougherty Engineering Building, 1512 Middle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
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Endeavor Composites, Inc., 2370 Cherahala Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37932, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rajesh Mishra, Tao Yang and Veerakumar Arumugam
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 9 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibrous Materials (Textiles) for Functional Applications)
Carbon fiber recycling has garnered significant attention in recent years due to the large volume of manufacturing waste and upcoming end-of-life products that will enter the waste stream as the current generation of aircraft is retired from service. Recycled carbon fibers have been shown to retain most of their virgin mechanical properties, but their length is generally reduced such that continuous fiber laminates cannot be remade. As such, these fibers are typically used in low-performance applications including injection molding, extrusion/compression molding, and 3D printing that further degrade the fiber length and resulting composite properties. However, recent advances in the processing of long discontinuous fiber textiles have led to medium- to high-performance composites using recycled carbon fibers. This review paper describes the recent advances in recycled carbon fiber textile processing that have made these improvements possible. The techniques used to manufacture high-value polymer composites reinforced with discontinuous recycled carbon fiber are described. The resulting mechanical and multifunctional properties are also discussed to illustrate the advantages of these new textile-based recycled fiber composites over the prior art. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling; composites; manufacturing; automotive recycling; composites; manufacturing; automotive
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barnett, P.R.; Ghossein, H.K. A Review of Recent Developments in Composites Made of Recycled Carbon Fiber Textiles. Textiles 2021, 1, 433-465. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1030023

AMA Style

Barnett PR, Ghossein HK. A Review of Recent Developments in Composites Made of Recycled Carbon Fiber Textiles. Textiles. 2021; 1(3):433-465. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1030023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barnett, Philip R., and Hicham K. Ghossein. 2021. "A Review of Recent Developments in Composites Made of Recycled Carbon Fiber Textiles" Textiles 1, no. 3: 433-465. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1030023

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