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Entropy-Based Hybrid Integration of Random Forest and Support Vector Machine for Landslide Susceptibility Analysis

1
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur 177005, Himachal Pradesh, India
2
Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, J. P. Nagar, Arasampalayam, Myleripalayam, Coimbatore 642109, Tamil Nadu, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesca Cigna
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 22 October 2021 / Accepted: 22 October 2021 / Published: 26 October 2021
Landslide susceptibility mapping is a crucial step in comprehensive landslide risk management. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the landslide susceptibility of Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh, India, based on optimum feature selection and hybrid integration of the Shannon entropy (SE) model with random forest (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) models. An inventory of 1723 rainfall-induced landslides was generated and randomly selected for training (1199; 70%) and validation (524; 30%) purposes. A set of 14 relevant factors was selected and checked for multicollinearity. These factors were first ranked using Information Gain and Chi-square feature ranking algorithms. Furthermore, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and One-Sample T-Test were applied to check their statistical significance. An optimum subset of 11 landslide causative factors was then used for generating landslide susceptibility maps (LSM) using hybrid SE-RF and SE-SVM models. These LSM’s were validated and compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and performance matrices. The SE-RF performed better with training and validation accuracies of 96.93% and 88.94%, respectively, compared with the SE-SVM model with training and validation accuracies of 94.05% and 82.4%, respectively. The prediction matrices also confirmed that the SE-RF model is better and is recommended for the landslide susceptibility analysis of similar mountainous regions worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: landslide susceptibility; Shannon entropy; random forest; support vector machine; feature selection; performance matrices landslide susceptibility; Shannon entropy; random forest; support vector machine; feature selection; performance matrices
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, A.; Prakash, C.; Manivasagam, V.S. Entropy-Based Hybrid Integration of Random Forest and Support Vector Machine for Landslide Susceptibility Analysis. Geomatics 2021, 1, 399-416. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/geomatics1040023

AMA Style

Sharma A, Prakash C, Manivasagam VS. Entropy-Based Hybrid Integration of Random Forest and Support Vector Machine for Landslide Susceptibility Analysis. Geomatics. 2021; 1(4):399-416. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/geomatics1040023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sharma, Amol, Chander Prakash, and V. S. Manivasagam. 2021. "Entropy-Based Hybrid Integration of Random Forest and Support Vector Machine for Landslide Susceptibility Analysis" Geomatics 1, no. 4: 399-416. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/geomatics1040023

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