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Micro: An International Open Access Journal for All of Microscale and Nanoscale Science
Article

Preparation and Characterization of Polystyrene Hybrid Composites Reinforced with 2D and 3D Inorganic Fillers

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Laboratory of Food Technology, Department of Business Administration of Food and Agricultural Enterprises, University of Patras, 30100 Agrinio, Greece
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Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Patras, 30100 Agrinio, Greece
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Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eiichi Tamiya
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 16 April 2021 / Accepted: 25 April 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Microscale Materials Science)
Polystyrene (PS)/silicate composites were prepared with the addition of two organoclays (orgMMT and orgZenith) and two mesoporous silicas (SBA-15 and MCF) via (i) solution casting and (ii) melt compounding methods. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis evidenced an intercalated structure for PS/organoclay nanocomposites. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated improvement in the thermal stability of PS-nanocomposites compared to the pristine polymer. This enhancement was more prevalent for the nanocomposites prepared with a lab-made organoclay (orgZenith). Tensile measurement results indicated that elastic modulus increment was more prevalent (up to 50%) for microcomposites prepared using mesoporous silicas as filler. Organoclay addition led to a decrease in oxygen transmission rate (OTR) values. This decrement reached up to 50% for high organoclay content films in comparison to pristine PS film. Decrement above 80% was measured for microcomposites with mesoporous silicas and 5 wt% filler content obtained via melt compounding. View Full-Text
Keywords: polystyrene; nanocomposites; microcomposites; organoclay; mesoporous silicas polystyrene; nanocomposites; microcomposites; organoclay; mesoporous silicas
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ladavos, A.; Giannakas, A.E.; Xidas, P.; Giliopoulos, D.J.; Baikousi, M.; Gournis, D.; Karakassides, M.A.; Triantafyllidis, K.S. Preparation and Characterization of Polystyrene Hybrid Composites Reinforced with 2D and 3D Inorganic Fillers. Micro 2021, 1, 3-14. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/micro1010002

AMA Style

Ladavos A, Giannakas AE, Xidas P, Giliopoulos DJ, Baikousi M, Gournis D, Karakassides MA, Triantafyllidis KS. Preparation and Characterization of Polystyrene Hybrid Composites Reinforced with 2D and 3D Inorganic Fillers. Micro. 2021; 1(1):3-14. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/micro1010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ladavos, Athanasios, Aris E. Giannakas, Panagiotis Xidas, Dimitrios J. Giliopoulos, Maria Baikousi, Dimitrios Gournis, Michael A. Karakassides, and Konstantinos S. Triantafyllidis 2021. "Preparation and Characterization of Polystyrene Hybrid Composites Reinforced with 2D and 3D Inorganic Fillers" Micro 1, no. 1: 3-14. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/micro1010002

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