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Biologics—An Open Access Journal for Biological Drugs
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Overview of COVID-19 Disease: Virology, Epidemiology, Prevention Diagnosis, Treatment, and Vaccines

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 14778-93855, Iran
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Allied Medical Sciences, Alavi Hospital, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil 56189-85991, Iran
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School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil 56199-11367, Iran
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Micro and Nanotechnology Graduate Program, TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Sogutozu Caddesi No 43 Sogutozu, Ankara 06560, Turkey
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Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil 56199-11367, Iran
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vasso Apostolopoulos and Majid Hassanzadeganroudsari
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 23 April 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anti-SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 Drugs and Vaccines)
Coronaviruses belong to the “Coronaviridae family”, which causes various diseases, from the common cold to SARS and MERS. The coronavirus is naturally prevalent in mammals and birds. So far, six human-transmitted coronaviruses have been discovered. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. Common symptoms include fever, dry cough, and fatigue, but in acute cases, the disease can lead to severe shortness of breath, hypoxia, and death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the three main transmission routes, such as droplet and contact routes, airborne transmission and fecal and oral for COVID-19, have been identified. So far, no definitive curative treatment has been discovered for COVID-19, and the available treatments are only to reduce the complications of the disease. According to the World Health Organization, preventive measures at the public health level such as quarantine of the infected person, identification and monitoring of contacts, disinfection of the environment, and personal protective equipment can significantly prevent the outbreak COVID-19. Currently, based on the urgent needs of the community to control this pandemic, the BNT162b2 (Pfizer), mRNA-1273 (Moderna), CoronaVac (Sinovac), Sputnik V (Gamaleya Research Institute, Acellena Contract Drug Research, and Development), BBIBP-CorV (Sinofarm), and AZD1222 (The University of Oxford; AstraZeneca) vaccines have received emergency vaccination licenses from health organizations in vaccine-producing countries. Vasso Apostolopoulos, Majid Hassanzadeganroudsari View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus; severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); vaccines coronavirus; severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); vaccines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salahshoori, I.; Mobaraki-Asl, N.; Seyfaee, A.; Mirzaei Nasirabad, N.; Dehghan, Z.; Faraji, M.; Ganjkhani, M.; Babapoor, A.; Shadmehr, S.Z.; Hamrang, A. Overview of COVID-19 Disease: Virology, Epidemiology, Prevention Diagnosis, Treatment, and Vaccines. Biologics 2021, 1, 2-40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biologics1010002

AMA Style

Salahshoori I, Mobaraki-Asl N, Seyfaee A, Mirzaei Nasirabad N, Dehghan Z, Faraji M, Ganjkhani M, Babapoor A, Shadmehr SZ, Hamrang A. Overview of COVID-19 Disease: Virology, Epidemiology, Prevention Diagnosis, Treatment, and Vaccines. Biologics. 2021; 1(1):2-40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biologics1010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salahshoori, Iman, Noushin Mobaraki-Asl, Ahmad Seyfaee, Nasrin Mirzaei Nasirabad, Zahra Dehghan, Mehrdad Faraji, Mina Ganjkhani, Aziz Babapoor, Seyede Z. Shadmehr, and Ali Hamrang. 2021. "Overview of COVID-19 Disease: Virology, Epidemiology, Prevention Diagnosis, Treatment, and Vaccines" Biologics 1, no. 1: 2-40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biologics1010002

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