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Investigation of Anaerobic Digestion of the Aqueous Phase from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Mixed Municipal Solid Waste

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paolo Defilippis and Lasse Rosendahl
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 15 July 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 6 September 2021
In 2017, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that Americans generated over 268 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW). The majority (52%) of this waste ends up in landfills, which are the third largest source of anthropogenic methane emissions. Improvements in terms of waste management and energy production could be solved by integrating MSW processing with hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) and anaerobic digestion (AD) for converting organic carbon of MSW to fuels. The objectives of this study were to (a) investigate HTC experiments at varying temperatures and residence times (b) evaluate aqueous phase and solids properties, and (c) perform AD bench scale bottle test on the aqueous phase. A mixture of different feedstock representing MSW was used. HTC at 280 °C and 10 min yielded the highest total organic carbon (TOC) of 8.16 g/L with biogas yields of 222 mL biogas/g TOC. Results showed that AD of the aqueous phase from a mixed MSW feedstock is feasible. The integrated approach shows organic carbon recovery of 58% (hydrochar and biogas). This study is the first of its kind to investigate varying temperature and times for a heterogeneous feedstock (mixed MSW), and specifically evaluating HTC MSW aqueous phase anaerobic biodegradability. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrothermal carbonization; anaerobic digestion; municipal solid waste; waste to energy; mixed feedstocks; biogas hydrothermal carbonization; anaerobic digestion; municipal solid waste; waste to energy; mixed feedstocks; biogas
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adams, K.J.; Stuart, B.; Kumar, S. Investigation of Anaerobic Digestion of the Aqueous Phase from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Mixed Municipal Solid Waste. Biomass 2021, 1, 61-73. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biomass1010005

AMA Style

Adams KJ, Stuart B, Kumar S. Investigation of Anaerobic Digestion of the Aqueous Phase from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Mixed Municipal Solid Waste. Biomass. 2021; 1(1):61-73. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biomass1010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adams, Kameron J., Ben Stuart, and Sandeep Kumar. 2021. "Investigation of Anaerobic Digestion of the Aqueous Phase from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Mixed Municipal Solid Waste" Biomass 1, no. 1: 61-73. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biomass1010005

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