Article Processing Charges (APC) Information

General Information on MDPI’s Article Processing Charges (APC)

MDPI publishes all its journals in full open access, meaning unlimited use and reuse of articles, in addition to giving credit to the authors. All our articles are published under a Creative Commons (CC BY) license.

Authors pay a one-time Article Processing Charge (APC) to cover the costs of peer review administration and management, professional production of articles in PDF and other formats, and dissemination of published papers in various venues, in addition to other publishing functions. Please note that the option to process an advance payment remains but does not guarantee acceptance of manuscripts. There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no surcharges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data. Some items (Editorials, Corrections, Addendums, Retractions, Comments, etc.) are published free of charge.

Here is a breakdown of how our APCs are used. In calculating these values, we have followed recommendations from the Fair Open Access Alliance, an organization that promotes sustainable and transparent scholarly open access publishing. This also makes MDPI fully compliant with the requirements of Plan S, a key funder initiative to promote Open Access.

Service functions% of totalAmount (Swiss Francs, CHF)
2000 CHF1000 CHF2000 CHF1000 CHF
1. Publishing Operations & Projects 17% 34% 336 336
2. Journal publication 40% 79% 790 790
3. Editorial Fees 1% 2% 22 22
4. Marketing and Communication 4% 4% 80 40
5. General 6% 12% 118 118
6. Discounts & waivers 19% 19% 370 185
7. Surplus 13% -50% 284 -491
Total publication fee per article (CHF)     2000 1000

1. Publishing Operations & Projects

MDPI develops and maintains its own electronic submission and peer-review website. We also run several platforms to offer different types of services for scholars.

  • Preprints.org: a multidisciplinary preprint platform where authors can publish their articles free of charge.
  • Scilit.net: a comprehensive, free database for scientists using a new method to collate data and indexing scientific material.
  • Sciforum.org: an event-planning platform that supports open science by offering the opportunity to host and participate in academic conferences.
  • Sciprofiles.com: a researcher-profile platform.

2. Journal publication

  • Triaging—Filtering of papers upon submission by internal staff and editorial board members.
  • Organization of peer-review—MDPI provides a high degree of assistance to Academic Editors so that they can only focus on editorial decisions. We employ in-house editors to invite reviewers, collect review reports, communicate with authors and reviewers, correspond with authors about revision, etc.
  • Production—including copy-editing, typesetting, copy-editing XML and PDF conversion, and language editing. MDPI provides English editing by native English speakers for all accepted papers, included in the APC.
  • Proofreading—Corresponding with authors to approve the final text and requesting any missing information.
  • Other Editorial assistance—Handling any questions and requests for support before submission, during the editorial and peer-review process, or post-publication.
  • Journal management & development—The in-house Managing Editors track key performance indicators of each journal, monitor competing journals and the trends in the field. They also provide reports and hold discussions with the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board.
  • Indexing & archiving—MDPI has a team dedicated to indexing relations who advise on the eligibility of a journal for application to be indexed in over 80 databases. Our team communicate closely with the contact persons at the different databases and receive regular updates on the status of applications. We dedicate time to keep ourselves up to date on any changes in the evaluation criteria or application procedure.
  • Long term preservation—MDPI supports long-term preservation of all its articles in CLOCKSS.

3. Editorial Fees

MDPI pays a travel grant or stipend to all Editors-in-Chief and a share of revenue to the societies whose journals it publishes.

4. Marketing and Communication

MDPI allocates part of its income to the promotion of journals and articles through sponsorships of conferences, scholarly society events, and other promotional activities, as well as a series of awards to support researchers.

5. General

  • Management & administration includes cost related to salaries of non-editorial staff and other business costs. They include all the fees paid by MDPI for membership in publishing organizations: STM Association, OASPA, SSP, as well as services such as Publons. Most membership fees are based on the level of income or size of the publisher.
  • Taxes.
  • MDPI supports the activities of the MDPI Sustainability Foundation, including coordinating the World Sustainability Forum and World Sustainability Awards.
  • MDPI is a debt-free company and is not repaying loans or investments.

6. Discounts and waivers

MDPI waives 25%–27% of its content every year. We are committed to supporting the transition of all research to full open access, so offer APC waivers or discounts to some authors. In addition, we waive and offer discounts from 15% (of the total APCs in a journal) in our most established journals up to 100% in our new journals or humanities journals. Although we display an APC on the website, in many social sciences and humanities journals we waive between 70% and 100% of papers; we display an APC in order to demonstrate to authors that there is a cost to publication. Even some of our well established indexed journals waive 30% of publishing costs per year.

Members of societies affiliated to an MDPI journal benefit from a discount as well as authors affiliated to institutions participating in our Institutional Open Access Program.

For journals in fields with low levels of funding, where authors typically do not have funds available, APCs are typically waived and cross-subsidized from fields for which more APC funding is available. For authors from low- and middle-income countries, waivers or discounts may be granted on a case-by-case basis. Applications submitted before article submission are assessed by the Managing Editor based on the quality of the research article and the authors’ ability to pay.

The APC by journal is given in the table below.

Journal Specific APCs

Journal Name Basic APC (CHF) *
Acoustics
1400 CHF
Actuators
1800 CHF
Administrative Sciences
1400 CHF
Adolescents
1000 CHF
Aerospace
1600 CHF
Agriculture
1800 CHF
AgriEngineering
1200 CHF
Agronomy
2000 CHF
AI
1000 CHF
Algorithms
1400 CHF
Allergies
1000 CHF
Alloys
1000 CHF
Analytica
1000 CHF
Analytics
1000 CHF
Anatomia
1000 CHF
Animals
1800 CHF
Antibiotics
2000 CHF
Antibodies
1600 CHF
Antioxidants
2200 CHF
Applied Biosciences
1000 CHF
Applied Mechanics
1000 CHF
Applied Microbiology
1000 CHF
Applied Nano
1000 CHF
Applied Sciences
2300 CHF
Applied System Innovation
1400 CHF
AppliedChem
1000 CHF
AppliedMath
1000 CHF
Aquaculture Journal
1000 CHF
Architecture
1000 CHF
Arts
1200 CHF
Astronomy
1000 CHF
Atmosphere
2000 CHF
Atoms
1500 CHF
Audiology Research
1200 CHF
Automation
1000 CHF
Axioms
1400 CHF
Bacteria
1000 CHF
Batteries
1600 CHF
Behavioral Sciences
1400 CHF
Beverages
1400 CHF
Big Data and Cognitive Computing
1400 CHF
BioChem
1000 CHF
Bioengineering
1700 CHF
Biologics
1000 CHF
Biology
2000 CHF
Biology and Life Sciences Forum
see here
Biomass
1000 CHF
Biomechanics
1000 CHF
BioMed
1000 CHF
Biomedicines
2200 CHF
BioMedInformatics
1000 CHF
Biomimetics
1600 CHF
Biomolecules
2100 CHF
Biophysica
1000 CHF
Biosensors
2000 CHF
BioTech
1400 CHF
Birds
1000 CHF
Brain Sciences
2000 CHF
Buildings
1800 CHF
Businesses
1000 CHF
C
1400 CHF
Cancers
2400 CHF
Cardiogenetics
1000 CHF
Catalysts
2200 CHF
Cells
2200 CHF
Ceramics
1400 CHF
Challenges
1400 CHF
ChemEngineering
1500 CHF
Chemistry
1400 CHF
Chemistry Proceedings
see here
Chemosensors
1800 CHF
Children
1800 CHF
Chips
1000 CHF
CivilEng
1000 CHF
Clean Technologies
1400 CHF
Climate
1600 CHF
Clinical and Translational Neuroscience
1000 CHF
Clinics and Practice
1000 CHF
Clocks & Sleep
1200 CHF
Coasts
1000 CHF
Coatings
2000 CHF
Colloids and Interfaces
1500 CHF
Colorants
1000 CHF
Compounds
1000 CHF
Computation
1400 CHF
Computer Sciences & Mathematics Forum
see here
Computers
1400 CHF
Condensed Matter
1400 CHF
Conservation
1000 CHF
Construction Materials
1000 CHF
Corrosion and Materials Degradation
1000 CHF
Cosmetics
1600 CHF
COVID
1000 CHF
Crops
1000 CHF
Cryptography
1400 CHF
Crystals
2000 CHF
Current Issues in Molecular Biology
1800 CHF
Current Oncology
1800 CHF
Dairy
1000 CHF
Data
1400 CHF
Dentistry Journal
1600 CHF
Dermato
1000 CHF
Dermatopathology
1200 CHF
Designs
1400 CHF
Diabetology
1000 CHF
Diagnostics
1800 CHF *
Dietetics
1000 CHF
Digital
1000 CHF
Disabilities
1000 CHF
Diseases
1400 CHF
Diversity
1900 CHF
DNA
1000 CHF
Drones
1600 CHF
Dynamics
1000 CHF
Earth
1000 CHF
Ecologies
1000 CHF
Econometrics
1400 CHF
Economies
1400 CHF
Education Sciences
1400 CHF
Electricity
1000 CHF
Electrochem
1000 CHF
Electronic Materials
1000 CHF
Electronics
2000 CHF
Encyclopedia
1000 CHF
Endocrines
1000 CHF
Energies
2200 CHF
Eng
1000 CHF
Engineering Proceedings
see here
Entomology
1000 CHF
Entropy
1800 CHF
Environmental Sciences Proceedings
see here
Environments
1500 CHF
Epidemiologia
1000 CHF
Epigenomes
1500 CHF
European Burn Journal
971 CHF
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
1400 CHF
Fermentation
1800 CHF
Fibers
1600 CHF
FinTech
1000 CHF
Fire
1600 CHF
Fishes
1600 CHF
Fluids
1600 CHF
Foods
2200 CHF
Forecasting
1400 CHF
Forensic Sciences
1000 CHF
Forests
2000 CHF
Foundations
1000 CHF
Fractal and Fractional
1600 CHF
Fuels
1000 CHF
Future Internet
1400 CHF
Future Pharmacology
1000 CHF
Future Transportation
1000 CHF
Galaxies
1400 CHF
Games
1400 CHF
Gases
1000 CHF
Gastroenterology Insights
1000 CHF
Gastrointestinal Disorders
1200 CHF
Gels
1600 CHF
Genealogy
1200 CHF
Genes
2400 CHF
Geographies
1000 CHF
GeoHazards
1000 CHF
Geomatics
1000 CHF
Geosciences
1500 CHF
Geotechnics
1000 CHF
Geriatrics
1400 CHF
Healthcare
1800 CHF
Hearts
1000 CHF
Hemato
1000 CHF
Hematology Reports
1000 CHF
Heritage
1400 CHF
Histories
1000 CHF
Horticulturae
1600 CHF
Humanities
1400 CHF
Humans
1000 CHF
Hydrobiology
1000 CHF
Hydrogen
1000 CHF
Hydrology
1600 CHF
Hygiene
1000 CHF
Immuno
1000 CHF
Infectious Disease Reports
1000 CHF
Informatics
1600 CHF
Information
1400 CHF
Infrastructures
1600 CHF
Inorganics
1600 CHF
Insects
1800 CHF
Instruments
1400 CHF
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
2500 CHF
International Journal of Financial Studies
1400 CHF
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
2300 CHF
International Journal of Neonatal Screening
1000 CHF
International Journal of Plant Biology
1000 CHF
International Journal of Translational Medicine
1000 CHF
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power
850 CHF
Inventions
1500 CHF
IoT
1000 CHF
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
1400 CHF
J
1200 CHF
Journal of Ageing and Longevity
1000 CHF
Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
1800 CHF
Journal of Clinical Medicine
2400 CHF
Journal of Composites Science
1600 CHF
Journal of Cybersecurity and Privacy
1000 CHF
Journal of Developmental Biology
1600 CHF
Journal of Functional Biomaterials
1600 CHF
Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
1600 CHF
Journal of Fungi
2000 CHF
Journal of Imaging
1600 CHF
Journal of Intelligence
1400 CHF
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
1600 CHF
Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing
1600 CHF
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering
2000 CHF
Journal of Molecular Pathology
1000 CHF
Journal of Nanotheranostics
1000 CHF
Journal of Nuclear Engineering
1000 CHF
Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
800 CHF
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine
1000 CHF
Journal of Personalized Medicine
2000 CHF
Journal of Respiration
1000 CHF
Journal of Risk and Financial Management
1200 CHF
Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks
1600 CHF
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research
1000 CHF
Journal of Vascular Diseases
1000 CHF
Journal of Xenobiotics
1000 CHF
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens
1000 CHF
Journalism and Media
1000 CHF
Kidney and Dialysis
1000 CHF
Knowledge
1000 CHF
Land
2000 CHF
Languages
1400 CHF
Laws
1200 CHF
Life
1800 CHF
Liquids
1000 CHF
Literature
1000 CHF
Livers
1000 CHF
Logics
1000 CHF
Logistics
1200 CHF
Lubricants
1600 CHF
Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction
1400 CHF
Machines
1800 CHF
Macromol
1000 CHF
Magnetism
1000 CHF
Magnetochemistry
1800 CHF
Marine Drugs
2400 CHF
Materials
2300 CHF
Materials Proceedings
see here
Mathematical and Computational Applications
1400 CHF
Mathematics
1800 CHF
Medical Sciences
1400 CHF
Medical Sciences Forum
see here
Medicina
1800 CHF
Medicines
1400 CHF
Membranes
2200 CHF
Merits
1000 CHF
Metabolites
2000 CHF
Metals
2000 CHF
Meteorology
1000 CHF
Methane
1000 CHF
Methods and Protocols
1600 CHF
Metrology
1000 CHF
Micro
1000 CHF
Microbiology Research
1400 CHF
Micromachines
2000 CHF
Microorganisms
2200 CHF
Microplastics
1000 CHF
Minerals
2000 CHF
Mining
1000 CHF
Modelling
1000 CHF
Molbank
500 CHF
Molecules
2300 CHF
Multimodal Technologies and Interaction
1600 CHF
Muscles
1000 CHF
Nanoenergy Advances
1000 CHF
Nanomanufacturing
1000 CHF
Nanomaterials
2400 CHF
Network
1000 CHF
Neuroglia
1000 CHF
Neurology International
1200 CHF
NeuroSci
1000 CHF
Nitrogen
1000 CHF
Non-Coding RNA
1600 CHF
Nursing Reports
1100 CHF
Nutraceuticals
1000 CHF
Nutrients
2600 CHF
Obesities
1000 CHF
Oceans
1000 CHF
Onco
1000 CHF
Optics
1000 CHF
Oral
1000 CHF
Organics
1000 CHF
Organoids
1000 CHF
Osteology
1000 CHF
Oxygen
1000 CHF
Parasitologia
1000 CHF
Particles
1400 CHF
Pathogens
2200 CHF
Pathophysiology
1000 CHF
Pediatric Reports
1200 CHF
Pharmaceuticals
2000 CHF
Pharmaceutics
2400 CHF
Pharmacoepidemiology
1000 CHF
Pharmacy
1400 CHF
Philosophies
1200 CHF
Photochem
1000 CHF
Photonics
1800 CHF
Phycology
1000 CHF
Physchem
1000 CHF
Physical Sciences Forum
see here
Physics
1400 CHF
Physiologia
1000 CHF
Plants
2200 CHF
Plasma
1200 CHF
Pollutants
1000 CHF
Polymers
2400 CHF
Polysaccharides
1000 CHF
Poultry
1000 CHF
Powders
1000 CHF
Proceedings
see here
Processes
2000 CHF
Prosthesis
1400 CHF
Proteomes
1600 CHF
Psych
1200 CHF
Psychiatry International
1000 CHF
Psychoactives
1000 CHF
Publications
1400 CHF
Quantum Beam Science
1600 CHF
Quantum Reports
1200 CHF
Quaternary
1600 CHF
Radiation
1000 CHF
Reactions
1000 CHF
Receptors
1000 CHF
Recycling
1400 CHF
Religions
1200 CHF
Remote Sensing
2500 CHF
Reports
1400 CHF
Reproductive Medicine
1000 CHF
Resources
1600 CHF
Rheumato
1000 CHF
Risks
1400 CHF
Robotics
1600 CHF
Ruminants
1000 CHF
Safety
1600 CHF
Sci
1200 CHF
Scientia Pharmaceutica
1000 CHF
Seeds
1000 CHF
Sensors
2400 CHF
Separations
2000 CHF
Sexes
1000 CHF
Signals
1000 CHF
Sinusitis
1000 CHF
Smart Cities
1200 CHF
Social Sciences
1400 CHF
Societies
1400 CHF
Software
1000 CHF
Soil Systems
1500 CHF
Solar
1000 CHF
Solids
1000 CHF
Sports
1400 CHF
Standards
1000 CHF
Stats
1200 CHF
Stresses
1000 CHF
Surfaces
1400 CHF
Surgeries
1000 CHF
Surgical Techniques Development
1000 CHF
Sustainability
2000 CHF
Sustainable Chemistry
1000 CHF
Symmetry
1800 CHF
SynBio
1000 CHF
Systems
1400 CHF
Taxonomy
1000 CHF
Technologies
1400 CHF
Telecom
1000 CHF
Textiles
1000 CHF
Thalassemia Reports
1000 CHF
Thermo
1000 CHF
Tomography
1800 CHF
Tourism and Hospitality
1000 CHF
Toxics
1800 CHF
Toxins
2400 CHF
Transplantology
1000 CHF
Trauma Care
1000 CHF
Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
1600 CHF
Universe
1800 CHF
Urban Science
1200 CHF
Uro
1000 CHF
Vaccines
2200 CHF
Vehicles
1400 CHF
Venereology
1000 CHF
Veterinary Sciences
1700 CHF
Vibration
1400 CHF
Virtual Worlds
1000 CHF
Viruses
2400 CHF
Vision
1600 CHF
Water
2200 CHF
Wind
1000 CHF
Women
1000 CHF
World
1000 CHF
World Electric Vehicle Journal
1000 CHF
Youth
1000 CHF
Zoonotic Diseases
1000 CHF

* For papers of type "Interesting Image" in this journal, a reduced rate of 550 CHF applies.

Please note that for papers submitted to these journals after 30 June 2022 the new APC applies.

Market-Specific Taxes

Authors from Switzerland will have the local Value Added Tax (VAT) added to their invoices. Japan residents will have the Japanese Consumption Tax (JCT) added to their invoices at the rate set by the Japanese government.

Avoiding Surcharges from Extensive English Editing on Submitted Articles

Submitted papers should be written in good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions. If you use an alternative service that provides a confirmation certificate, please send a copy to the Editorial Office. Authors from economically developing countries or nations should consider registration with AuthorAid, a global research community that provides networking, mentoring, resources and training for researchers.

Funding of APCs and BPCs

Many funding agencies and institutions explicitly allow the use of research grants for the payment of APCs and BPCs for publishing open access articles and books. For more information on APC and BPC funding see the following page.

Discounts on APCs

Waivers may be granted at the Publisher's discretion and should be discussed with the editorial office when submitting the article. The editorial decision making is decoupled from the authors' ability to pay the Processing Charges, however authors should consider in advance whether they have sufficient funds to cover the full APC/BPC.

MDPI also offers discount vouchers to selected reviewers.

Accepted Currencies

We accept payments in Swiss francs (CHF), Euro (EUR), US Dollars (USD), British Pound Sterling (GBP). Japanese Yen (JPY) or Canadian Dollars (CAD). Upon acceptance, the corresponding/submitting author will receive an e-mail with a link where the currency of the invoice can be changed.

Accepted Methods of Payment

MDPI currently supports the following payment methods:

For more detailed information on how to pay an invoice, please see our Payment Instructions.

APCs are payable within 5 to 10 business days.

Invoices are emailed shortly after acceptance to the payment contact provided by the authors. Only official invoices issued by MDPI (@mdpi.com) are valid. We do not authorize any third party to collect the APCs. MDPI is the sole service provider and cannot be held liable for actions by third parties.

For wire transfers, we ask the customer to pay the fees for both the sender and the recipient bank, so that MDPI receives the full invoiced amount. If you wish to pay by cheque, please add 12 CHF for processing fees.

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