Special Issue "Agroforestry Planning"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Systems and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 April 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Dimitris Fotakis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Forest Research Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organization "Dimitra", 570 06 Vassilika, Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: forest spatial planning; operational research; multi-objective optimization; complex adaptive systems; heuristic; water resources
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Thomas Papachristou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Forest Research Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organization "Dimitra", 570 06 Vassilika, Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: plant-herbivore interactions; grazing ecology; agro-silvo-pastoral systems; foraging behaviour and nutrition of grazing animals; management and improvement of rangeland resources

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Agroforestry, by definition, integrates two main concepts: the yield of products and the environmental benefits. It requires the combination and interaction between different species of trees, shrubs, crops, and livestock. Agroforestry systems become even more diverse when considering interactions with insects, reptiles, and wildlife species and the interactions between climate, plants, soil, and water. Thus, complex agroforestry systems should be managed for multiple objectives over a wide range of temporal and spatial scales, taking into consideration multiple constraints. Against this backdrop, specific decision support tools and methods are necessary in order to quantify the objectives and goals for sustainable and resilient agroforestry planning, and for maximizing benefits.

This Special Issue aims to gather research papers and reviews dealing with decision support tools and methods for agroforestry system planning, regarding all agroforestry practices (forest farming, silvopasture, alley cropping, riparian buffers, windbreaks, and urban food forest). These tools could refer to optimization algorithms (e.g., for spatial patterns, for remote sensing identification), models (e.g., biophysical, socioeconomic, landscape), assessment indicators (e.g., for performance, for vulnerability) or methods (e.g., interviews, spatial analysis, monitoring) that could contribute to the demanding tasks of agroforestry system planning and management.

Dr. Dimitris Fotakis
Dr. Thomas Papachristou
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Land use management
  • Ecological interactions
  • Ecosystem services

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

- Planned Paper 1

Tentative Title: Social-ecological spatial analysis of agroforestry in European Union

Authors: Dimitris G. Fotakis, Thomas G. Papachristou

Abstract: Three main agroforestry practices (arable agroforestry, livestock agroforestry and high value tree agroforestry) spatially analysed in relation to socio-economic (i.e. NPV, animal population, labor costs, demographics, etc.) and ecological factors (i.e. topography, climate, soil, NDVI, etc.) in EU countries. The spatial distribution of the examined agroforestry practices derived from the European harmonised LUCAS in-situ land cover and use database for field surveys from 2006 to 2018. Factors’ data derived from open access databases, as well.

The spatial analysis shows the relevance of the different factors with the different agroforestry practices and indicates possible target regions in EU that could be used for agroforestry. Results could be used for decision making regarding viable food production, sustainable management of natural resources and climate action, and balanced territorial development. The methodology proposed could be used in larger scale, with more detailed data, as a tool for landscape management.

Keywords: agroforestry land suitability; spatial decision making

- Planned Paper 2

Tentative Title: Economic and environmental assessment of olive agroforestry practices in Northern Greece

Authors: M. Tziolas, S. Ispikoudis, K. Mantzanas, D. Koutsoulis, A. Pantera

Abstract: Preservation and promotion of agroforestry systems entails the ideology for more ecosystem services, additional biodiversity benefits and climate change mitigation. Furthermore, farmland and forest landscapes and the consequent benefits to the environment from their merge, enhances the importance of agroforestry systems towards sustainable environmental policies. Nevertheless, traditional agroforestry systems face significant adaptation problems, especially in the EU, due to the continuous economic reforms and the strict agri-environmental measures. In this context our main goal is to assess the current managerial framework of agroforestry systems and more specifically the olive agroforestry practices in Northern Greece. The economic and environmental implications of four different production plans are highlighted following the Life Cycle Costing and the Life Cycle Assessment protocols. The production plans include the simultaneous cultivation of annual crops, such as vetch and barley, along with olive groves. Potential environmental impacts are depicted in CO2 equivalents, while the economic allocation of costs is divided in targeted categories (e.g. raw materials, labour, land rent etc.). The results indicate significant deviations among the four production plans, with the combination of olive trees and barley being heavily dependent on fertilization on an economic and on an environmental level. The pilot production plan which follows environmental friendly cultivation practices develops an uneven situation between economic and environmental impacts. The authors suggest that the formulation of a decision support system for agroforestry systems should be taken into account in order to preserve agroforestry systems today.

Back to TopTop