Special Issue "4D Crop and Livestock Monitoring in Agriculture"

A special issue of AgriEngineering (ISSN 2624-7402). This special issue belongs to the section "Sensors Technology and Precision Agriculture".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2022.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Glen C. Rains
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Interests: robotics; automation; chemical ecology; precision agriculture; intelligent sensors
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

High spatial and temporal data collection from proximal and remote sensing platforms has increased dramatically in the past decade. What we have come to call “4-D monitoring” has the potential to provide farmers actionable information for improved crop and livestock management by determining the spatio-temporal relationships between crop and livestock production and the abiotic and biotic stresses that threaten sustainable agriculture. 

Similar sensing platforms are used to assist with high throughput phenotyping (HTP) of crop genotypes. By measuring the phenotypic traits response to controlled genotypes and environmental conditions, research scientists select for desirable traits at a much faster rate than was previously possible. 

However, this influx of new and improved sensing, data collection, and analytical techniques does not necessarily increase production. Now we may need to ask ourselves new questions. What should we be sensing? How do we balance the development of high production crop varieties with the plants own inherent defenses to improve resilience against pests and environmental conditions? What do we know about the interactions of crops and livestock in diverse production systems?  With a more thoughtful collection of data, analysis of data interactions, and new sensing platforms, we could make a much more pronounced impact on agricultural production.

This Special Issue looks to bring together cutting edge research on the questions of not just the technology being developed and used to collect spatio-temporal crop, livestock, pest, weather, and soils data (4-D monitoring), but to ask the questions that can utilize the rapid increase in data collection, analysis, and prediction to improve sustainable agricultural production.

Prof. Dr. Glen C. Rains
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. AgriEngineering is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • 4-D
  • crop monitoring
  • smart agriculture
  • smart technology
  • sensors
  • digital agriculture
  • precision agriculture
  • GNSS
  • big data
  • remote sensing
  • precision livestock

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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