Special Issue "GIS Applications in Green Development"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 18 February 2022.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Yannis Maniatis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
f. Minister of Environment, Energy & Climate Change, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Athens, Greece
Interests: energy; environment; G.I.S.; development
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Green development is the answer to the climate crisis. GIS, being the perfect platform for environmental monitoring and design, has extensive fields of application in climate adaptation, mitigation, and resilience. The interest is focused on basic human GHG emission activities: energy, industry and raw materials, digital agriculture, smart cities, transportation, and logistics. energy, with distributed renewable energy sources and energy efficiency/savings; industry and raw materials for decreasing CO2 emissions, transforming the production model by using green energy, improving recycling–reusing–reducing processes; digital agriculture, for decreasing usage of energy, water, fertilizers, and farming with sustainable methods; smart cities, being the future of the urban environment for 7 billion inhabitants, where 70% of GDP and CO2 emissions are produced, with the necessity of smart transportation arrangements, smart daily and long-term local governance, net-zero buildings, improvement of public infrastructures’ resilience, and low energy consumption processes; and transportation and logistics, with 32% of global GHG emissions, with new fuels and electrifying all transportation means from private vehicles  to ships and airplanes.

All of the above, combined with GIS applications and information and communication technologies (ICT) offer a broader horizon for greening the production model in developed and developing countries. Artificial Intelligence, the Internet of Things, blockchain, 3D printing, robotics, and 5G telecommunication are only some of the most crucial advancements, bringing development on the market, as well as new and innovative applications for decreasing global temperature.

Smart GIS applications are the most important instruments in decision makers’ hands, in order to design and monitor the new local, national, and international climate circumstances. Since 75% of the Earth’s surface is affected by human activities, there is a huge necessity for a broader possible use of smart GIS applications in foreseeing impacts in forests, oceans, urban and rural areas, transportation and production sites, and networks.

Prof. Dr. Yannis Maniatis
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • GIS in renewable energy & energy efficiency
  • GIS in smart cities
  • GIS in digital agriculture
  • GIS in tranportation & logistics

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Visibility Assessment of New Photovoltaic Power Plants in Areas with Special Landscape Value
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(2), 703; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/app12020703 - 11 Jan 2022
Viewed by 111
Abstract
Power plants based on renewable sources offer environmental, technical and economic advantages. Of particular importance is the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional power plants. Despite the advantages, people are often opposed to the construction of these facilities due to their [...] Read more.
Power plants based on renewable sources offer environmental, technical and economic advantages. Of particular importance is the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional power plants. Despite the advantages, people are often opposed to the construction of these facilities due to their high visual impact, particularly if they are close to places with a great cultural and/or landscape value. This paper proposes a new methodology for identifying the most suitable geographical areas for the construction of new photovoltaic (PV) power plants in zones of special scenic or cultural interest, helping to keep the environment free from the visual intrusions caused by these facilities. From several repeated analyses, the degree of visibility of the new PV plant, the potential observation time of passing visitors, considering the route they follow and their speed, and the increase in visibility of the plants when seen totally or partially with the sky as background, are determined. The result obtained is a map showing the ranking of the geographical areas based on a variable calculated in such analyses: the Global Accumulated Perception Time (GAPT). The application of this methodology can help the different agents involved in the decision-making process for the installation of new PV plant by providing them with an objective visibility criterion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue GIS Applications in Green Development)
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Article
Application of Geoinformation Systems for Assessment of Effective Integration of Renewable Energy Technologies in the Energy Sector of Ukraine
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(2), 592; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/app12020592 - 07 Jan 2022
Viewed by 176
Abstract
The scientific novelty of the results presented in this article is to substantiate and expand the possibilities of using global and local geographic information systems (GIS) to assess the potential of renewable energy sources in Ukraine. GIS analysis focused on key resource parameters [...] Read more.
The scientific novelty of the results presented in this article is to substantiate and expand the possibilities of using global and local geographic information systems (GIS) to assess the potential of renewable energy sources in Ukraine. GIS analysis focused on key resource parameters can help identify territories for development of renewable energy sources and assess of their possible technical potential, as well as the possibility of effective integration of technologies for the use of renewable energy sources in the energy sector of Ukraine. In this paper the possibilities for using geographic information systems to assess the potential of renewable energy sources in Ukraine are analyzed. The possibility of using the Global Atlas of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) to support planning of technologies for the use of energy from biomass is analyzed. The data can point to large-scale programs and applications in relation to key parameters (quality resources, transmission distance, population density, terrain and site protection), helping identify additional areas for development of renewable energy sources and give an approximate assessment of technical potential. It is determined that the software products of IRENA are able to support national and regional planning of renewable energy technologies, help establish the viability of future renewable energy facilities and help project developers identify and analyze promising facilities for the implementation of technologies using renewable energy. The application of geographic information systems of Ukrainian web resources (“UA MAP”) for assessing the potential of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in Ukraine is been analyzed. The scientific novelty of the results lies in applying global and local GIS for comprehensive assessment of the potential and effectiveness of the use of regional non-traditional and renewable energy resources on the territory of Ukraine. This makes it possible to assess the possibilities of generating additional electric and thermal power for the needs of the regions of Ukraine using non-traditional and renewable energy sources. A comprehensive methodology for the use of GIS is proposed for assessing the potential of non-traditional and renewable energy sources at the regional level in Ukraine, taking into account energy, environmental and socio-economic factors affecting the placement of non-traditional and renewable energy facilities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue GIS Applications in Green Development)
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