Special Issue "Coordination Polymers and Metal-Organic Frameworks: Structures and Applications—A Themed Issue in Honor of Professor Christoph Janiak on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday"

A special issue of Chemistry (ISSN 2624-8549). This special issue belongs to the section "Inorganic Materials and Polymers".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2020).

Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Catherine Housecroft
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, Building 1096, Mattenstrasse 24a, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland
Interests: coordination chemistry; coordination polymers and networks; structural chemistry; dye-sensitized solar cells; emissive iridium and copper complexes; NOT magnetism
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Friends and Colleagues

This themed issue of Chemistry is in honor of Professor Christoph Janiak on the occasion of his 60th birthday, and celebrates his innovative contributions to the fields of supramolecular chemistry, coordination polymers, networks and metal-organic frameworks, inorganic/organic hybrid materials and inorganic materials from ionic liquids.

Professor Janiak currently holds a Chair in Bioinorganic Chemistry and Catalysis at the Heinrich-Heine-University of Düsseldorf and his research interests span metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), coordination polymers, chirality, supramolecular interactions and metal nanoparticles in ionic liquids. Two of his seminal reviews have influenced many of us working in the fields of heterocyclic chemistry and coordination networks: "A critical account on π–π stacking in metal complexes with aromatic nitrogen-containing ligands" (Dalton Trans. 2000, 3885) and "Engineering coordination polymers towards applications" (Dalton Trans. 2003, 2781), which have been cited close to 6000 times.

I hope that this Special Issue will bring together a wide range of contributions to provide a fitting celebration of the fields of chemistry close to Christoph Janiak's heart, and will give the international inorganic and materials chemistry community an opportunity to celebrate with Christoph on the occasion of his 60th birthday.

Prof. Dr. Catherine Housecroft
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Chemistry is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (12 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Editorial

Jump to: Research, Review

Editorial
Coordination Polymers and Metal-Organic Frameworks: Structures and Applications—A Themed Issue in Honor of Professor Christoph Janiak on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday
Chemistry 2021, 3(3), 831-833; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3030060 - 28 Jul 2021
Viewed by 438
Abstract
This themed issue of Chemistry is in honor of Professor Christoph Janiak on the occasion of his 60th birthday, and celebrates his innovative contributions to the fields of supramolecular chemistry, coordination polymers, networks and metal-organic frameworks, inorganic/organic hybrid materials and inorganic materials from [...] Read more.
This themed issue of Chemistry is in honor of Professor Christoph Janiak on the occasion of his 60th birthday, and celebrates his innovative contributions to the fields of supramolecular chemistry, coordination polymers, networks and metal-organic frameworks, inorganic/organic hybrid materials and inorganic materials from ionic liquids [...] Full article

Research

Jump to: Editorial, Review

Communication
Electrochemical Switching of First-Generation Donor-Acceptor Stenhouse Adducts (DASAs): An Alternative Stimulus for Triene Cyclisation
Chemistry 2021, 3(3), 728-733; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3030051 - 07 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 483
Abstract
Donor-acceptor Stenhouse adducts (DASAs) are a photo-switch class that undergoes triene cyclisation in response to visible light. Herein, electrochemical oxidation is demonstrated as an effective alternative stimulus for the triene cyclisation commonly associated with photo-switching. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
The Impact of Structural Defects on Iodine Adsorption in UiO-66
Chemistry 2021, 3(2), 525-531; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3020037 - 12 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 871
Abstract
Radioactive I2 (iodine) produced as a by-product of nuclear fission poses a risk to public health if released into the environment, and it is thus vital to develop materials that can capture I2 vapour. Materials designed for the capture and storage [...] Read more.
Radioactive I2 (iodine) produced as a by-product of nuclear fission poses a risk to public health if released into the environment, and it is thus vital to develop materials that can capture I2 vapour. Materials designed for the capture and storage of I2 must have a high uptake capacity and be stable for long-term storage due the long half-life of 129I. UiO-66 is a highly stable and readily tuneable metal-organic framework (MOF) into which defect sites can be introduced. Here, a defective form of UiO-66 (UiO-66-FA) was synthesised and the presence of missing cluster moieties confirmed using confocal fluorescence microscopy and gas sorption measurements. The uptake of I2 vapour in UiO-66-FA was measured using thermal gravimetric analysis coupled mass spectrometry (TGA-MS) to be 2.25 g g−1, almost twice that (1.17 g g−1) of the pristine UiO-66. This study will inspire the design of new efficient I2 stores based upon MOFs incorporating structural defects. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
New Syntheses, Analytic Spin Hamiltonians, Structural and Computational Characterization for a Series of Tri-, Hexa- and Hepta-Nuclear Copper (II) Complexes with Prototypic Patterns
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 411-439; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010031 - 15 Mar 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 862
Abstract
We present a series of pyrazolato-bridged copper complexes with interesting structures that can be considered prototypic patterns for tri-, hexa- and hepta- nuclear systems. The trinuclear shows an almost regular triangle with a μ3-OH central group. The hexanuclear has identical monomer [...] Read more.
We present a series of pyrazolato-bridged copper complexes with interesting structures that can be considered prototypic patterns for tri-, hexa- and hepta- nuclear systems. The trinuclear shows an almost regular triangle with a μ3-OH central group. The hexanuclear has identical monomer units, the Cu6 system forming a regular hexagon. The heptanuclear can be described as two trinuclear moieties sandwiching a central copper ion via carboxylate bridges. In the heptanuclear system, the pyrazolate bridges are consolidating the triangular faces, which are sketching an elongated trigonal antiprism. The magnetic properties of these systems, dominated by the strong antiferromagnetism along the pyrazolate bridges, were described transparently, outlining the energy levels formulas in terms of Heisenberg exchange parameters J, within the specific topologies. We succeeded in finding a simple Kambe-type resolution of the Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian for the rather complex case of the heptanuclear. In a similar manner, the weak intermolecular coupling of two trimer units (aside from the strong exchange inside triangles) was resolved by closed energy formulas. The hexanuclear can be legitimately proposed as a case of coordination-based aromaticity, since the phenomenology of the six-spins problem resembles the bonding in benzene. The Broken-Symmetry Density Functional Theory (BS-DFT) calculations are non-trivial results, being intrinsically difficult at high nuclearities. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Spin-Crossover 2-D Hofmann Frameworks Incorporating an Amide-Functionalized Ligand: N-(pyridin-4-yl)benzamide
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 360-372; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010026 - 01 Mar 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1120
Abstract
Two analogous 2-D Hofmann-type frameworks, which incorporate the novel ligand N-(pyridin-4-yl)benzamide (benpy) [FeII(benpy)2M(CN)4]·2H2O (M = Pd (Pd(benpy)) and Pt (Pt(benpy))) are reported. The benpy ligand was explored to facilitate spin-crossover [...] Read more.
Two analogous 2-D Hofmann-type frameworks, which incorporate the novel ligand N-(pyridin-4-yl)benzamide (benpy) [FeII(benpy)2M(CN)4]·2H2O (M = Pd (Pd(benpy)) and Pt (Pt(benpy))) are reported. The benpy ligand was explored to facilitate spin-crossover (SCO) cooperativity via amide group hydrogen bonding. Structural analyses of the 2-D Hofmann frameworks revealed benpy-guest hydrogen bonding and benpy-benpy aromatic contacts. Both analogues exhibited single-step hysteretic spin-crossover (SCO) transitions, with the metal-cyanide linker (M = Pd or Pt) impacting the SCO spin-state transition temperature and hysteresis loop width (Pd(benpy): T½↓↑: 201, 218 K, ∆T: 17 K and Pt(benpy): T½↓↑: 206, 226 K, ∆T: 20 K). The parallel structural and SCO changes over the high-spin to low-spin transition were investigated using variable-temperature, single-crystal, and powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. These studies indicated that the ligand–guest interactions facilitated by the amide group acted to support the cooperative spin-state transitions displayed by these two Hofmann-type frameworks, providing further insight into cooperativity and structure–property relationships. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Fluorescent Detection of Carbon Disulfide by a Highly Emissive and Robust Isoreticular Series of Zr-Based Luminescent Metal Organic Frameworks (LMOFs)
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 327-337; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010024 - 01 Mar 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 927
Abstract
Carbon disulfide (CS2) is a highly volatile neurotoxic species. It is known to cause atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease and contributes significantly to sulfur-based pollutants. Therefore, effective detection and capture of carbon disulfide represents an important aspect of research efforts for [...] Read more.
Carbon disulfide (CS2) is a highly volatile neurotoxic species. It is known to cause atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease and contributes significantly to sulfur-based pollutants. Therefore, effective detection and capture of carbon disulfide represents an important aspect of research efforts for the protection of human and environmental health. In this study, we report the synthesis and characterization of two strongly luminescent and robust isoreticular metal organic frameworks (MOFs) Zr63-O)4(OH)8(tcbpe)2(H2O)4 (here termed 1) and Zr63-O)4(OH)8(tcbpe-f)2(H2O)4 (here termed 2) and their use as fluorescent sensors for the detection of carbon disulfide. Both MOFs demonstrate a calorimetric bathochromic shift in the optical bandgap and strong luminescence quenching upon exposure to carbon disulfide. The interactions between carbon disulfide and the frameworks are analyzed by in-situ infrared spectroscopy and computational modelling by density functional theory. These results reveal that both the Zr metal node and organic ligand act as the preferential binding sites and interact strongly with carbon disulfide. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Dimensionality Control in Crystalline Zinc(II) and Silver(I) Complexes with Ditopic Benzothiadiazole-Dipyridine Ligands
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 269-287; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010020 - 12 Feb 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 861
Abstract
Three 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-based ligands decorated with two pyridyl groups, 4,7-di(2-pyridyl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazol (2-PyBTD), 4,7-di(3-pyridyl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazol (3-PyBTD) and 4,7-di(4-pyridyl)-2,1,3 benzothiadiazol (4-PyBTD), generate ZnII and AgI complexes with a rich structural variety: [Zn(hfac)2(2-PyBTD)] 1, [Zn2(hfac)4(2-PyBTD)] 2, [Ag(CF3SO [...] Read more.
Three 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-based ligands decorated with two pyridyl groups, 4,7-di(2-pyridyl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazol (2-PyBTD), 4,7-di(3-pyridyl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazol (3-PyBTD) and 4,7-di(4-pyridyl)-2,1,3 benzothiadiazol (4-PyBTD), generate ZnII and AgI complexes with a rich structural variety: [Zn(hfac)2(2-PyBTD)] 1, [Zn2(hfac)4(2-PyBTD)] 2, [Ag(CF3SO3)(2-PyBTD)]23, [Ag(2-PyBTD)]2(SbF6)24, [Ag2(NO3)2(2-PyBTD)(CH3CN)] 5, [Zn(hfac)2(3-PyBTD)] 6, [Zn(hfac)2(4-PyBTD)] 7, [ZnCl2(4-PyBTD)2] 8 and [ZnCl2(4-PyBTD)] 9 (hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonato). The nature of the resulting complexes (discrete species or coordination polymers) is influenced by the relative position of the pyridyl nitrogen atoms, the nature of the starting metal precursors, as well as by the synthetic conditions. Compounds 1 and 8 are mononuclear and 2, 3 and 4 are binuclear species. Compounds 6, 7 and 9 are 1D coordination polymers, while compound 5 is a 2D coordination polymer, the metal ions being bridged by 2-PyBTD and nitrato ligands. The solid-state architectures are sustained by intermolecular π–π stacking interactions established between the pyridyl group and the benzene ring from the benzothiadiazol moiety. Compounds 1, 2, 79 show luminescence in the visible range. Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Time Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) calculations have been performed on the ZnII complexes 1 and 2 in order to disclose the nature of the electronic transitions and to have an insight on the modulation of the photophysical properties upon complexation. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Neutral and Cationic Chelidonate Coordination Polymers with N,N′-Bridging Ligands
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 256-268; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010019 - 11 Feb 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 712
Abstract
The biomolecule chelidonic acid (H2chel, 4-oxo-4H-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylic acid) has been used to build new coordination polymers with the bridging N,N′-ligands 4,4′-bipyridine (4,4-bipy) and 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpe). Four compounds have been obtained as single crystals: 1D cationic coordination polymers [...] Read more.
The biomolecule chelidonic acid (H2chel, 4-oxo-4H-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylic acid) has been used to build new coordination polymers with the bridging N,N′-ligands 4,4′-bipyridine (4,4-bipy) and 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpe). Four compounds have been obtained as single crystals: 1D cationic coordination polymers [M(4,4-bipy)(OH2)4]2+ with chelidonate anions and water molecules in the second coordination sphere in 1[Zn(4,4-bipy)(H2O)4]chel·3H2O (2) and in the two pseudopolymorphic 1[Cu(4,4-bipy)(H2O)4]chel·nH2O (n = 3, 4a; n = 6, 4b), and the 2D neutral coordination polymers 2[Zn(chel)(4,4-bipy)(H2O)]·2H2O (1) and 2[Zn(chel)(bpe)(H2O)]·H2O (3) where the chelidonate anion acts as a bridging ligand. The effects of the hydrogen bonds on the crystal packing were analyzed. The role of the water molecules hosted within the crystals lattices was also studied. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Functionalised Terpyridines and Their Metal Complexes—Solid-State Interactions
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 199-227; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010016 - 05 Feb 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1280
Abstract
Analysis of the weak interactions within the crystal structures of 33 complexes of various 4′-aromatic derivatives of 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (tpy) shows that interactions that exceed dispersion are dominated, as expected, by cation⋯anion contacts but are associated with both ligand–ligand and ligand–solvent contacts, [...] Read more.
Analysis of the weak interactions within the crystal structures of 33 complexes of various 4′-aromatic derivatives of 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (tpy) shows that interactions that exceed dispersion are dominated, as expected, by cation⋯anion contacts but are associated with both ligand–ligand and ligand–solvent contacts, sometimes multicentred, in generally complicated arrays, probably largely determined by dispersion interactions between stacked aromatic units. With V(V) as the coordinating cation, there is evidence that the polarisation of the ligand results in an interaction exceeding dispersion at a carbon bound to nitrogen with oxygen or fluorine, an interaction unseen in the structures of M(II) (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ru and Cd) complexes, except when 1,2,3-trimethoxyphenyl substituents are present in the 4′-tpy. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Manipulating the Conformation of 3,2′:6′,3″-Terpyridine in [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(3,2′:6′,3″-tpy)]n 1D-Polymers
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 182-198; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010015 - 02 Feb 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 811
Abstract
We report the preparation and characterization of 4′-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (1), 4′-(4′-fluoro-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (2), 4′-(4′-chloro-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (3), 4′-(4′-bromo-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (4), and 4′-(4′-methyl-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (5), and their reactions with copper(II) acetate. Single-crystal structures of the [Cu2(μ-OAc)4L] [...] Read more.
We report the preparation and characterization of 4′-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (1), 4′-(4′-fluoro-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (2), 4′-(4′-chloro-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (3), 4′-(4′-bromo-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (4), and 4′-(4′-methyl-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (5), and their reactions with copper(II) acetate. Single-crystal structures of the [Cu2(μ-OAc)4L]n 1D-coordination polymers with L = 15 have been determined, and powder X-ray diffraction confirms that the single crystal structures are representative of the bulk samples. [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(1)]n and [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(2)]n are isostructural, and zigzag polymer chains are present which engage in π-stacking interactions between [1,1′-biphenyl]pyridine units. 1D-chains nest into one another to give 2D-sheets; replacing the peripheral H in 1 by an F substituent in 2 has no effect on the solid-state structure, indicating that bifurcated contacts (H...H for 1 or H...F for 2) are only secondary packing interactions. Upon going from [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(1)]n and [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(2)]n to [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(3)]n, [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(4)]n, and [Cu2(μ-OAc)4(5)]n·nMeOH, the increased steric demands of the Cl, Br, or Me substituent induces a switch in the conformation of the 3,2′:6′,3″-tpy metal-binding domain, and a concomitant change in dominant packing interactions to py–py and py–biphenyl face-to-face π-stacking. The study underlines how the 3,2′:6′,3″-tpy domain can adapt to different steric demands of substituents through its conformational flexibility. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Article
Coordination Polymers Constructed from Semi-Rigid N,N′-Bis(3-pyridyl)terephthalamide and Dicarboxylic Acids: Effect of Ligand Isomerism, Flexibility, and Identity
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 1-12; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010001 - 22 Dec 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1044
Abstract
Reactions of the semi-rigid N,N′-bis(3-pyridyl)terephthalamide (L) with divalent metal salts in the presence of dicarboxylic acids afforded [Cd(L)0.5(1,2-BDC)(H2O)]n (1,2-H2BDC = benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid), 1, {[Cd(L)1.5(1,3-BDC)(H [...] Read more.
Reactions of the semi-rigid N,N′-bis(3-pyridyl)terephthalamide (L) with divalent metal salts in the presence of dicarboxylic acids afforded [Cd(L)0.5(1,2-BDC)(H2O)]n (1,2-H2BDC = benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid), 1, {[Cd(L)1.5(1,3-BDC)(H2O)]·5H2O}n (1,3-H2BDC = benzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid), 2a, {[Cd(1,3-BDC)(H2O)3]·2H2O}n, 2b, {[Cd(L)0.5(1,4-BDC)(H2O)2]·H2O}n (1,4-H2BDC = benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid), 3, and [Cu(L)0.5(5-tert-IPA)]n (5-tert-IPA = 5-tert-butylbenzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid), 4, which have been structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Complexes 1 and 3 are two-dimensional (2D) layers with the bey and the hcb topologies, and 2a and 2b are one-dimensional (1D) ladder and zigzag chain, respectively, while 4 shows a 3-fold interpenetrated three-dimensional (3D) net with the cds topology. The structures of these coordination polymers containing the semi-rigid L ligands are subject to the donor atom positions and the identity of the dicarboxylate ligands, which are in marked contrast to those obtained from the flexible bis-pyridyl-bis-amide ligands that form self-catenated nets. The luminescence of 1 and 3 and thermal properties of complexes 1, 3, and 4 are also discussed. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Editorial, Research

Review
Cluster-Based Coordination Polymers of Mn/Fe-Oxo Pivalates and Isobutyrates
Chemistry 2021, 3(1), 314-326; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/chemistry3010023 - 24 Feb 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 810
Abstract
Polynuclear coordination clusters can be readily arranged in cluster-based coordination polymers (CCPs) by appropriate bridging linkers. This review provides an overview of our recent developments in exploring structurally well-defined Mn/Fe-oxo pivalate and isobutyrate building blocks in the formation of CCPs assemblies with an [...] Read more.
Polynuclear coordination clusters can be readily arranged in cluster-based coordination polymers (CCPs) by appropriate bridging linkers. This review provides an overview of our recent developments in exploring structurally well-defined Mn/Fe-oxo pivalate and isobutyrate building blocks in the formation of CCPs assemblies with an emphasis on synthetic strategies and magnetic properties. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop