Special Issue "Advanced Methods for Information Extraction in Medicine and Space Biology"

A special issue of Computers (ISSN 2073-431X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Vidya Manian
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Interests: gene data mining; neuroimaging; EEG; fMRI signal processing; brain–machine interface system using machine learning and artificial intelligence; remote sensing; multisensor data and image analysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the past decades, each disease was considered individually, diagnosed, and treated as a separate entity. Omics data are now available from high-throughput biochemical assays that comprehensively and simultaneously measure molecules of the same type from a biological sample. These data include genomics which profiles DNA, transcriptomics which measures transcripts, proteomics, and metabolomics which quantifies proteins and metabolites. The ability to simultaneously process multiple omics big data has paved the way for advanced research in the field of disease diagnosis and drug discovery. There are computational tools available today for multi-omics data integration for the identification of new correlations in the data, leading to the generation of novel hypotheses. Emerging diseases such as COVID-19 have accelerated research in the field of multi-omics data integration. Advanced information extraction methods are being implemented for early diagnosis of diseases, identification of novel pathways for disease progress, treatment options, and rapid drug repurposing. In a way, the explosion of new information extraction methods and algorithms has benefitted medical research. The computational power of supercomputers is being exploited to mine big data, paving the way for the application of new intensive multilevel, multisensor data fusion, and information extraction techniques to prevalent and existing disease conditions, as well as comorbidities. 

This Special Issue will be a venue to publish big-data fusion, information extraction, and classification methods applied to a plethora of big data sets acquired from multi-omics technologies, neuroimaging, satellite remote sensing, and space biology experiments. We invite authors to publish genome to phenome analysis in molecular and space biology, and correlations of genetic findings with outputs from morphological image analysis methods applied to the biomedical field for diagnosis, treatment, and drug repurposing for major disorders such as diabetes, muscle atrophy, heart and lung diseases, and neurological disorders. Large amounts of data are being made available from space and terrestrial next-generation genome sequencing and genome-wide analysis systems, which provide breakthrough and cutting-edge research results to combat novel genetic variants of existing diseases. Radiation studies in low Earth orbit and deep space experiments and their correlations with disease conditions are gaining importance as space radiation studies open up new options for cancer treatment on the ground. New trends and applications of machine learning including very deep networks and artificial intelligence in various fields of research will be considered for publication in this Special Issue. Bayesian inferencing methods with uncertainty modeling, Markov and Monte Carlo methods, transfer and reinforcement learning, multiagent modeling, and hybrid modeling are some of the topics in which we encourage the research community to publish their manuscripts in this Special Issue.

Dr. Vidya Manian
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Computers is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Multiomics data integration/genomics/proteomics/metabolomics/transcriptomics
  • Computational models/network analysis/network similarity/community detection/disease networks/drug discovery/drug repurposing
  • Fundamental artificial intelligence based methods for large scale biological data analysis/reliable methods integrating prior knowledge and uncertainty
  • Epigenetics/genome to phenome analysis/viral load/miRNA/DNA methylation
  • Space biology/radiation/microgravity/muscle atrophy/myostatin/drug treatment/counter measures/space and ground experiments with mice and humans
  • Health/cancer treatment/human orthologs/DNA repair
  • Neuroimaging/EEG signal processing/fMRI/CT/PET/image segmentation/early detection of neurological disorders/brain connectivity/brain networks
  • Brain–machine interfaces/steady-state visual evoked potentials/motor imagery/event-related potentials/pathspeller brain–computer interfaces/multiagent systems/sensory motor rehabilitation/brain stimulation
  • Central nervous system/dementia/Alzheimer’s/epilepsy detection/emotional/psychological behavioral studies
  • Environment and health/satellite remote sensing/seasonal variation/climate change
  • Satellite image processing/air quality/water quality/atmospheric aerosols/temperatures/water stress/vegetation/land use and land cover/coral reef mapping

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Network Analysis of Local Gene Regulators in Arabidopsis thaliana under Spaceflight Stress
Computers 2021, 10(2), 18; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/computers10020018 - 28 Jan 2021
Viewed by 738
Abstract
Spaceflight microgravity affects normal plant growth in several ways. The transcriptional dataset of the plant model organism Arabidopsis thaliana grown in the international space station is mined using graph-theoretic network analysis approaches to identify significant gene transcriptions in microgravity essential for the plant’s [...] Read more.
Spaceflight microgravity affects normal plant growth in several ways. The transcriptional dataset of the plant model organism Arabidopsis thaliana grown in the international space station is mined using graph-theoretic network analysis approaches to identify significant gene transcriptions in microgravity essential for the plant’s survival and growth in altered environments. The photosynthesis process is critical for the survival of the plants in spaceflight under different environmentally stressful conditions such as lower levels of gravity, lesser oxygen availability, low atmospheric pressure, and the presence of cosmic radiation. Lasso regression method is used for gene regulatory network inferencing from gene expressions of four different ecotypes of Arabidopsis in spaceflight microgravity related to the photosynthetic process. The individual behavior of hub-genes and stress response genes in the photosynthetic process and their impact on the whole network is analyzed. Logistic regression on centrality measures computed from the networks, including average shortest path, betweenness centrality, closeness centrality, and eccentricity, and the HITS algorithm is used to rank genes and identify interactor or target genes from the networks. Through the hub and authority gene interactions, several biological processes associated with photosynthesis and carbon fixation genes are identified. The altered conditions in spaceflight have made all the ecotypes of Arabidopsis sensitive to dehydration-and-salt stress. The oxidative and heat-shock stress-response genes regulate the photosynthesis genes that are involved in the oxidation-reduction process in spaceflight microgravity, enabling the plant to adapt successfully to the spaceflight environment. Full article
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