Special Issue "Advanced Dental Biomaterials"

A special issue of Dentistry Journal (ISSN 2304-6767). This special issue belongs to the section "Dental Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2019).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Till Dammaschke
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Periodontology and Operative Dentistry, Westphalian Wilhelms-University, 48149 Münster, Germany
Interests: calcium silicate cements; pulp capping; maintaining pulp vitality; root canal sealers; biocompatibility of dental materials; endodontics
Dr. Nejdet Adanir
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia
Interests: root canal disinfection; root canal irrigants; persistent infection; nanoparticles; nanocomposite materials; dental education; intracanal medicaments; post-core application

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The science and applications of dental materials have been advancing drastically. The aim of this Special Issue “Advanced Dental Biocompatible and Bioactive Materials” is to explore the latest developments and major advancements in the field of dental biomaterials. The science of advanced dental biomaterials is the backbone of dental research that has extensive applications in all the specialities of the clinical dentistry. These days, the targeted objective to synthesize or modify biomaterials according to current needs such as

  • oral hard tissues regeneration
    (dental enamel, dentine, dental pulp, periodontium, bone),
  • oral soft tissues regeneration,
  • arresting dental caries,
  • enamel and dentine remineralization
  • repairing congenital defects (cleft lip and palate)
  • enhancing dento-facial aesthetics,
  • controlling dentine hypersensivity

In last few decades, a number of modifications have been made to achieve these targets. Therefore, publishing advancements is highly desired and will be beneficial for the biomedical researchers and academicians.

Prof. Dr. Till Dammaschke
Dr. Nejdet Adanir
Dr. Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Dr. Zohaib Khurshid
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Dentistry Journal is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Adhesive dentistry/Adhesive materials
  • Antimicrobial drugs-based dental materials
  • Bioactive glasses
  • Calcium orthophosphate based dental materials
  • Calcium silicate cements / Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)
  • Ceramics Materials
  • Dental bone cements
  • Dental Scaffolds/templates materials
  • Graphene based dental materials
  • Guided tissue regeneration (GTR)/guided bone regeneration materials (GBR)
  • Hydroxyapatite containing materials
  • Materials for hard tissue remineralization
  • Materials for prophylaxis and oral hygiene
  • Nanomaterials in dentistry
  • Natural polymers-based composites in dentistry
  • Natural silk-based materials
  • Oral Implant Materials
  • Polyethyetherketone (PEEK) materials
  • Proteins & peptides-based coatings and modification of dental materials
  • Root canal medications
  • Root canal obturation materials
  • Root canal rinsing materials
  • Titanium surface modification
  • Casein phosphopeptide–amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP–ACP)
  • Pekkton

Published Papers (4 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review, Other

Article
Bone Density and Implant Primary Stability. A Study on Equine Bone Blocks
Dent. J. 2019, 7(3), 73; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj7030073 - 01 Jul 2019
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1593
Abstract
Previous results on synthetic blocks mimicking bone indicate that bone density can be measured by the friction encountered by a rotating probe while it descends into bone, and that primary implant stability may be measured through the integral (I) of the torque–depth curve [...] Read more.
Previous results on synthetic blocks mimicking bone indicate that bone density can be measured by the friction encountered by a rotating probe while it descends into bone, and that primary implant stability may be measured through the integral (I) of the torque–depth curve at implant insertion. This study aims to repeat those tests on collagen-preserving equine bone blocks as they better reproduce the mechanical properties of natural bone. Fifteen cancellous equine blocks had their density measured using a measuring probe. This was compared to their known physical density through linear regression analysis. Implant placement was carried out into six cancellous equine blocks and primary stability was measured using (I), as well as the insertion torque (IT), the implant stability quotient (ISQ), and the reverse torque (RT). The relation between (I), (IT), (ISQ), and (RT) was investigated by correlation analysis. Bone density measured using the probe correlated significantly with actual density, both with (r = 0.764) and without irrigation (r = 0.977). (I) correlated significantly with IT and RT under all irrigation conditions, and with ISQ only without irrigation (r = 0.886). The results suggest that the probe provides actual bone density measurements. They also indicate that (I) measures primary implant stability and is more sensitive to density variations than IT, RT, and ISQ. Results are consistent with those obtained on synthetic blocks but suggest that equine bone blocks may better reproduce the mechanical properties of human cancellous alveolar bone. This should be the subject of additional studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Dental Biomaterials)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Effects of Endodontic Irrigants on Material and Surface Properties of Biocompatible Thermoplastics
Dent. J. 2019, 7(1), 26; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj7010026 - 06 Mar 2019
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2310
Abstract
Passive irrigation is an efficient method for a successful endodontic treatment. During sonic activation biocompatible polymer tips are used to activate irrigants. Compared to ultrasonic activation with metallic tips, polymer tips have the advantage of a reduced risk of fracture and minimise dentine [...] Read more.
Passive irrigation is an efficient method for a successful endodontic treatment. During sonic activation biocompatible polymer tips are used to activate irrigants. Compared to ultrasonic activation with metallic tips, polymer tips have the advantage of a reduced risk of fracture and minimise dentine damage. Hence, two polymers, polyether ether ketones (PEEK) and polyamide (PA6), were identified for the manufacturing of novel irrigation tips. The chemical resistance against the irrigants ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) 20%, chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) 2% and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) 5.25% was analysed. Using microindentation, the change of hardness, elasticity, surface roughness and appearance of the polymers was determined. PA6 had a high absorption of irrigant compared to PEEK. PEEK was resistant to the investigated irrigants and showed no significant alteration of surface and mechanical properties, whereas PA6 slightly increased its hardness, elastic modulus and surface roughness during long-term exposure at 37 °C. However, PA6 tips seem to be a promising disposable product due to the material’s high deformability and low manufacturing costs. Particularly with regard to structural-dynamic properties and high chemical resistance, PEEK can be considered as a material for reusable irrigation tips. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Dental Biomaterials)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Research, Other

Review
Adhesion to Zirconia: A Systematic Review of Current Conditioning Methods and Bonding Materials
Dent. J. 2019, 7(3), 74; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj7030074 - 01 Aug 2019
Cited by 23 | Viewed by 3678
Abstract
Background. Reliable bonding between resin composite cements and high strength ceramics is difficult to achieve because of their chemical inertness and lack of silica content that makes etching impossible. The purpose of this review is to classify and analyze the existing methods and [...] Read more.
Background. Reliable bonding between resin composite cements and high strength ceramics is difficult to achieve because of their chemical inertness and lack of silica content that makes etching impossible. The purpose of this review is to classify and analyze the existing methods and materials suggested to improve the adhesion of zirconia to dental substrate by using composite resins, in order to explore current trends in surface conditioning methods with predictable results. Methods. The current literature, examining the bond strength of zirconia ceramics, and including in vitro studies, clinical studies, and a systematic review, was analyzed. The research in the literature was carried out using PubMed and Cochrane Library databases, only papers in English, published online from 2013 to 2018. The following keywords and their combinations were used: Zirconia, 3Y-TZP, Adhesion, Adhesive cementation, Bonding, Resin, Composite resin, Composite material, Dentin, Enamel. Results. Research, in PubMed and Cochrane Library databases, provided 390 titles with abstracts. From these, a total of 93 publications were chosen for analysis. After a full text evaluation, seven articles were discarded. Therefore, the final sample was 86, including in vitro, clinical studies, and one systematic review. Various adhesive techniques with different testing methods were examined. Conclusions. Airborne-particle abrasion and tribo-chemical silica coating are the pre-treatment methods with more evidence in the literature. Increased adhesion could be expected after physico-chemical conditioning of zirconia. Surface contamination has a negative effect on adhesion. There is no evidence to support a universal adhesion protocol. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Dental Biomaterials)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Other

Jump to: Research, Review

Case Report
Management of an Immature Necrotic Permanent Molar with Apical Periodontitis Treated by Regenerative Endodontic Protocol Using Calcium Hydroxide and MM-MTA: A Case Report with Two Years Follow Up
Dent. J. 2019, 7(1), 1; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj7010001 - 01 Jan 2019
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 4054
Abstract
Traditionally, immature teeth diagnosed with necrotic pulp and periapical periodontitis were treated by apexification with long-term calcium hydroxide or in one session with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or Biodentine apical plug. However, these teeth become fragile and susceptible to root fracture. Regenerative endodontic [...] Read more.
Traditionally, immature teeth diagnosed with necrotic pulp and periapical periodontitis were treated by apexification with long-term calcium hydroxide or in one session with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or Biodentine apical plug. However, these teeth become fragile and susceptible to root fracture. Regenerative endodontic procedure is a new therapeutic approach that promotes continuation of root growth in immature necrotic teeth potentially preventing root fracture. Only few case reports have shown the success of this procedure on molar cases. The current case report demonstrates a regeneration of a lower first molar with necrotic pulp and chronic apical abscess treated with Micro Mega-MTA (MM-MTA), a new endodontic biomaterial that has not been described previously. Calcium hydroxide was used as an intracanal medicament for two weeks. Next, calcium hydroxide was removed and after blood clot creation, MM-MTA® was placed over it. Apical healing and continuation of root growth were evident at nine months follow-up. CBCT at two years follow-up confirmed apical closure and complete healing. This case shows that a regenerative endodontic procedure for management of an immature necrotic permanent molar is feasible and can be successfully done using Ca(OH)2 and MM-MTA. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Dental Biomaterials)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop