Special Issue "Fire Behavior of Composite Materials for Aeronautical Applications: From Science to Policy"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Economics and Policy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 October 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Nicolas Gascoin
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
INSA Centre-Val de Loire, University of Orléans, PRISME EA 4229, F-18022 Bourges, France
Interests: fuel; aerospace propulsion; pyrolysis; thermal conversion; reactive stream
Prof. Dr. Khaled Chetehouna
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
INSA Centre-Val de Loire, University of Orléans, PRISME EA 4229, F-18022 Bourges, France
Interests: fire safety; combustion; pyrolysis; porous media; energetics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Motivations and Ambitions:

Due to abundant literature in the fields of fire safety, material engineering, structure design and aerospace application, it has now become difficult to obtain a holistic overview:

  • of the challenges (cost, weight, manufacturing ability and process, maintenance, availability of raw materials, sustainability, regulation, etc.),
  • of all the parameters and phenomena playing a role,
  • of their relationship,
  • of the hierarchy of their importance on these challenges,
  • of the possible and promising solutions to cope with the obstacles found while dealing with these challenges.

This Special Issue Fire Behavior of Composite Materials for Aeronautical Applications: Experiments and Modeling” intends to gather, in one place, all the best international contributions to date and to stand as the reference in this field that any students, engineers, PhD and researchers worldwide would rely on within the next 10 years. This Special Issue is devoted to being considered as a basis for aerospace companies, for safety and insurance stakeholders, for regulations bodies, for international policy agencies and for all their research and academic partners worldwide.

Only high standard contributions of some of the most prominent scientists will be accepted for publications to contribute to pushing knowledge limits and to reaching the frontier of our common understanding to tackle the challenges faced by aeronautical applications in its revolution of using composite materials for its future planes and structures.


Since the beginnings of aeronautics, fire has been one of the first risks to be identified. However, the latter is still a source of accidents, often fatal, due to a lack of solution when it occurs on airplanes. At the same time, the need to reduce the weight of current aircraft, in order to limit operating costs, has caused the use of composite materials, which are particularly reactive to fire.

However, the quest of utilizing composite materials in aeronautical applications is still in its infancy due to being vulnerable when exposed to fire or even high temperatures. Unfortunately, during their thermal degradation, composite materials serve as a fuel and produce toxic fumes, resulting in an explosive atmosphere. Thus, the spread of fire might continue, even after the original source of fire is extinguished or depleted.

The present Special Issue focusses on recent efforts dealing with the understanding of the physicochemical phenomena involved in the fire behavior of composite materials which are multiple and varied. The finest scale is represented by the involved heat source and composite material. Thermal degradation, pyrolysis, flame–material interaction and extinction are phenomena that are not yet well understood. The intermediate scale concerns the transfers and propagation of the outbreak in its immediate vicinity. This leads to the study of the characteristics of the flame plumes, the thermal exchanges with the neighborhood and the emissions of fumes or toxic species. Finally, the largest scale concerns the phenomena of propagation to the whole environment.

The different interest topics for this Special Issue include experimental and numerical investigations related to the keywords below. Some papers will be considered in the field of regulations, of policy, of material engineering and design, among those mostly related to science engineering which aim to investigate in-depth multiscale and transient analysis of physico-chemico-mechanico-thermal phenomena and their relationship.

Prof. Dr. Nicolas Gascoin
Prof. Khaled Chetehouna
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Thermal degradation 
  • Flammability risk
  • Thermomechanical 
  • Multiscale analysis 
  • Transient phenomena 
  • Structural behavior 
  • Fire extinction 
  • Plane design 
  • Safety procedure
  • Gas toxicity and health impact

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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