Special Issue "Non-Hamiltonian Dynamics, Open Systems and Entropy"

A special issue of Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300). This special issue belongs to the section "Multidisciplinary Applications".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (29 October 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Massimo Materassi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR-ISC, via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy
Interests: dissipative processes; metriplectic dynamics; information theory and dynamical systems; space weather
Dr. Giuseppe Consolini
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (INAF-IAPS), National Institute of Astrophysics, 00133 Rome, Italy
Interests: complexity in space plasmas; dynamical systems and information theory approaches to Sun-Earth relationships and Earth’s magnetospheric dynamics
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In Hamiltonian systems, the dynamics, expressed in terms of Poisson brackets, results in a purely algebraic construction, a matter of differential geometry and topology. Algebrization of dynamics is also the simplest path to quantization, as stated by Dirac’s isomorphism, mapping the classical Poisson bracket algebra of Hamiltonian systems into the algebra of commutation brackets of quantum observables.

Classical systems with dissipation and open quantum systems are non-Hamiltonian systems, and the problem of their algebrization is currently under the spotlight. Classical systems in which dissipation coexists with a Hamiltonian structure are algebrized as metriplectic systems, or in the equivalent scheme named GENERIC, more focused on tensor operators. Open quantum systems are described with the celebrated Lindblad equations, showing striking analogies with the classical metriplectic formalism.

An excellent point about non-Hamiltonian dynamics is the role apparently played by entropy-like quantities: in classical metriplectic systems, the entropy of the medium draining mechanical energy via dissipation generates the irreversible part of dynamics. In quantum open systems, entanglement plays the role of coupling the system with the environment, giving rise to its classical properties, in a suitable macroscopic limit.

In this Special Issue, contributions will be collected on the unifying role of entropy-like quantities in algebrized dynamics of non-Hamiltonian systems, both classical and quantum. In particular, the objective is that of investigating the general relationship between irreversibility and classical behaviour, and the appearance of information-like quantities in the dynamics.

Dr. Massimo Materassi
Dr. Giuseppe Consolini
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Entropy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • dissipation
  • irreversibility
  • non-Hamiltonian systems
  • open quantum systems
  • metriplectic dynamics
  • GENERIC formalism
  • non-equilibrium thermodynamics
  • Lindblad equations
  • entanglement and quantum entropy
  • emergence of thermodynamics

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
General Non-Markovian Quantum Dynamics
Entropy 2021, 23(8), 1006; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/e23081006 - 31 Jul 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 458
Abstract
A general approach to the construction of non-Markovian quantum theory is proposed. Non-Markovian equations for quantum observables and states are suggested by using general fractional calculus. In the proposed approach, the non-locality in time is represented by operator kernels of the Sonin type. [...] Read more.
A general approach to the construction of non-Markovian quantum theory is proposed. Non-Markovian equations for quantum observables and states are suggested by using general fractional calculus. In the proposed approach, the non-locality in time is represented by operator kernels of the Sonin type. A wide class of the exactly solvable models of non-Markovian quantum dynamics is suggested. These models describe open (non-Hamiltonian) quantum systems with general form of nonlocality in time. To describe these systems, the Lindblad equations for quantum observable and states are generalized by taking into account a general form of nonlocality. The non-Markovian quantum dynamics is described by using integro-differential equations with general fractional derivatives and integrals with respect to time. The exact solutions of these equations are derived by using the operational calculus that is proposed by Yu. Luchko for general fractional differential equations. Properties of bi-positivity, complete positivity, dissipativity, and generalized dissipativity in general non-Markovian quantum dynamics are discussed. Examples of a quantum oscillator and two-level quantum system with a general form of nonlocality in time are suggested. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Hamiltonian Dynamics, Open Systems and Entropy)
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