Special Issue "Advances in Fire and Combustion Safety"

A special issue of Fire (ISSN 2571-6255).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 11 April 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Ernesto Salzano
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Chimica, Ambientale e dei Materiali (DICAM), Alma Mater Studiorum ∙o Università di Bologna, Via U. Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy
Interests: explosion; fire; security; natech; risk assessment
Dr. Gianmaria Pio
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Chimica, Ambientale e dei Materiali, Università di Bologna, via Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy
Interests: ultra-low temperature; oxidation; safety; kinetic models

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Continuous research seeking at the reduction of environmental impacts generated by several industrial fields and climate change effects have raised further challenges for the characterization and quantification of safety aspects related to combustion science. Most of the current unravelled questions involve either the characterization of undesired combustion or its interactions with the surrounding environment. Cutting-edge research dealing with physics, chemistry, technological, and procedural aspects represents an essential step toward the realization of novel concepts and robust practices. Indeed, the acquired know-how may have positive feedback either for the accurate consequence analysis or for the hazard assessment. Besides, the effectiveness of mitigation systems for innovative processes or alternative species is still under evaluation. The current special issue aims at gathering information by fundamental-based or case studies investigations, as well as experimental or numerical approaches valuable to fill the highlighted gaps on fire, wildfire, explosion and more in general on self-accelerating oxidation reactions. Researchers can submit articles presenting innovative studies or literature reviews related to fire safety.

Prof. Dr. Ernesto Salzano
Dr. Gianmaria Pio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Fire is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Combustion
  • Safety
  • Fire
  • Wildfire
  • Explosion
  • Hazards
  • Prevention
  • Prediction
  • Mitigation
  • Consequence Assessment

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Article
Reduced Combustion Mechanism for Fire with Light Alcohols
Fire 2021, 4(4), 86; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fire4040086 - 19 Nov 2021
Viewed by 577
Abstract
The need for sustainable energy has incentivized the use of alternative fuels such as light alcohols. In this work, reduced chemistry mechanisms for the prediction of fires (pool fire, tank fire, and flash fire) for two primary alcohols—methanol and ethanol—were developed, aiming to [...] Read more.
The need for sustainable energy has incentivized the use of alternative fuels such as light alcohols. In this work, reduced chemistry mechanisms for the prediction of fires (pool fire, tank fire, and flash fire) for two primary alcohols—methanol and ethanol—were developed, aiming to integrate the detailed kinetic model into the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. The model accommodates either the pure reactants and products or other intermediates, including soot precursors (C2H2, C2H4, and C3H3), which were identified via sensitivity and reaction path analyses. The developed reduced mechanism was adopted to predict the burning behavior in a 3D domain and for the estimation of the product distribution. The agreement between the experimental data from the literature and estimations resulting from the analysis performed in this work demonstrates the successful application of this method for the integration of kinetic mechanisms and CFD models, opening to an accurate evaluation of safety scenarios and allowing for the proper design of storage and transportation systems involving light alcohols. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Fire and Combustion Safety)
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Review

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Review
Probability Analysis and Prevention of Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents: Fire as a Cause and a Consequence
Fire 2021, 4(4), 71; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fire4040071 - 14 Oct 2021
Viewed by 462
Abstract
Failures during the drilling and exploitation of hydrocarbons that result in catastrophic offshore oil and gas accidents are relatively rare but if they occur the consequences can be catastrophic in terms of loss of life and environmental damage. Therefore, to gain insight into [...] Read more.
Failures during the drilling and exploitation of hydrocarbons that result in catastrophic offshore oil and gas accidents are relatively rare but if they occur the consequences can be catastrophic in terms of loss of life and environmental damage. Therefore, to gain insight into their prevention, the largest major offshore oil and gas accidents, those with more than 10 fatalities or with a large environmental impact, are analyzed in this article. Special attention is placed on fire as a cause and a consequence. Relevant technological and legislative changes and updates regarding safety that have followed such accidents and that can prevent potential future similar misfortunes are evaluated. Two main approaches to safety are compared: (1) the American prescriptive vs. (2) the European goal-oriented approach. The main causes of accidents are tested statistically in respect of failure probability, where the exact confidence limits for the estimated probabilities are computed. The results of the statistical test based on exact confidence intervals show that there is no significant difference between the analysed factors, which describe the main causes of offshore oil and gas accidents. Based on the small but carefully chosen group of 24 of the largest accidents, it can be concluded that there is no evidence of a difference between the categories of the main causes of accidents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Fire and Combustion Safety)
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