Special Issue "Non-Pharmacological Approaches and Their Impact on Noncommunicable Diseases"

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Factors and Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 3 June 2024.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Markel Rico-González
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Interests: healthcare; applied technology; performance analysis in sport; team sports; training load management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Filipe Manuel Clemente
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, School of Sport and Leisure, 4960-320 Melgaço, Portugal
Interests: football; soccer; match analysis; performance analysis; network analysis
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The World Health Organization suggests that noncommunicable diseases (NCD) kill more than 41 million people each year, from those cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, and diabetes represents almost 80% of all premature NCD deaths. The main causes for increasing the risk of dying from NCD can be associated with bad lifestyles, namely poor levels of physical activity and exercise, harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets, or taking other serious habits of consuming drugs or tobacco. Therefore, lifestyle is a key component to mitigate the risk of getting a premature NCD and to reduce the harmful effect on those who have NCD. Promoting an active life and a healthy diet, associated with a good psychological mindset are some of the approaches included in non-pharmacological approaches for fighting the progression of premature NCD. Participation in recreational sports and exercise, increase education in keeping a balanced diet and the use of phycological interventions are some of the strategies with consistent evidence for improving the quality of life of people with and without NCD. However, more research is a need, namely combining scientific areas and identify the best educational strategies for people, revealing the beneficial effects of specific programmes, and providing solid evidence for governments and decision-makers.

For that reason the special issue “Non-pharmacological approaches and their impact on noncommunicable diseases” is open a place to submit original works, systematic reviews and meta-analysis that may provide relevant evidence about (but not exclusively): (i) effects of combined or isolated educational programmes in children, youth, adults, older and clinical populations and the effects on health; and (ii) combined or isolated effects of physical activity and exercise, diet and supplementation, physiological interventions on health of children, youth adults, older and clinical populations.

Dr. Markel Rico-González
Dr. Filipe Manuel Clemente
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • chronic diseases
  • healthcare
  • exercise
  • diet
  • lifestyle
  • health
  • non-communicable diseases
  • acute diseases
  • wellness
  • well-being.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Review

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Review
Relationships between Sleep, Athletic and Match Performance, Training Load, and Injuries: A Systematic Review of Soccer Players
Healthcare 2021, 9(7), 808; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/healthcare9070808 - 26 Jun 2021
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Abstract
The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize available evidence regarding the relationships between sleep and (i) athletic and match performance, (ii) training load, and (iii) injuries in soccer players. A systematic review of EBSCOhost (SPORTDiscus), PubMed, Cochrane Library, FECYT (Web of [...] Read more.
The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize available evidence regarding the relationships between sleep and (i) athletic and match performance, (ii) training load, and (iii) injuries in soccer players. A systematic review of EBSCOhost (SPORTDiscus), PubMed, Cochrane Library, FECYT (Web of Sciences, CCC, DIIDW, KJD, MEDLINE, RSCI, and SCIELO) databases was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A total of 297 titles were identified, of which 32 met the eligibility criteria. Results revealed that soccer players are no exception for sleep inadequacy. Although there was inconsistency in the findings, some studies suggested that sleep restrictions in soccer negatively affected athletic and match performance while also increasing the number and severity of musculoskeletal injuries. On the other hand, inconsistent results were found between sleep and athletic and match performance, and training load in soccer players. Physiological responses (and their intensity) during drill-based games were not influenced by changes in sleep. The available evidence is inconsistent; however, it appears to suggest that poor sleep affects soccer players’ performance and increases the risk of injury. However, it remains important to study this complex relationship further. Full article
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Systematic Review
Relationship between Training Load Management and Immunoglobulin A to Avoid Immunosuppression after Soccer Training and Competition: A Theoretical Framework Based on COVID-19 for Athletes’ Healthcare
Healthcare 2021, 9(7), 856; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/healthcare9070856 - 06 Jul 2021
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Abstract
Immunoglobulin A (IgA), which is the main effector against upper respiratory tract viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been related to training load management. The aim of this systematic review was to establish the relationship between training load [...] Read more.
Immunoglobulin A (IgA), which is the main effector against upper respiratory tract viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been related to training load management. The aim of this systematic review was to establish the relationship between training load and salivary IgA based on current evidence in order to avoid immunosuppression after exercise and players´ vulnerability to virus contagion. A systematic review of relevant articles was carried out using two electronic databases (PubMed and Web of Science) until 19 May 2021. From a total of 127 studies initially found, 23 were included in the qualitative synthesis. These studies were clustered depending on stress level. The salivary IgA was analysed considering soccer-specific treadmill exercise and repeated sprint drills (n = 5), matches (n = 7), and during certain periods during the season or pre-season (n = 11). Repeated sprint ability tests and treadmill exercises are suitable exercises for the first steps on return to play periods yet still maintain social distance. A rest or moderate training sessions (technical/tactical) are suggested after official matches to ensure 16–18 h to recover IgA levels, while periods with multiple matches per week with limited recovery time should be avoided. Weekly training load should assume a small increment (<10%) to ensure IgA immune responses, especially, during the post coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) season. Full article
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