Climate Change and Health
A section of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Weather, climate variability, and climate change affect human health and well-being through multiple, complex, and interacting pathways. Warming, changing precipitation patterns, increases in extreme weather and climate events, sea level rise, and ocean acidification are affecting the numbers of weather- and climate-sensitive injuries, illnesses, and deaths. Some causal pathways for climate-sensitive health outcomes are relatively direct, such as those resulting in injuries from heatwaves, floods, and storms, while others are more complex, such as those affecting important infectious diseases and impacts mediated through natural and socio-ecological systems. While some impacts from climate change will likely be salutary in the short term some locations, the net effects will be detrimental.
Development choices, including policies affecting economic growth, and trends related to demographics, migration, research and development, geopolitics, and urbanization, will influence health outcomes and the capacity of health systems to cope with projected changes. In addition, other global environmental changes (e.g. land use change, freshwater availability and quality, biodiversity loss) can interact with climate change to further alter the distribution and burden of climate-sensitive health outcomes. Decision-makers require new knowledge to aid individuals, communities, and health systems manage the risks associated with a changing environment.
Research and practice needed at local to international scales include:
- Elaborate causal pathways relating global environmental changes with health;
- Quantify associations between weather and health, taking into consideration other key drivers;
- Assess the current burden of climate-sensitive disease;
- Identify thresholds and time of emergence of climate-sensitive health outcomes;
- Project climate-sensitive disease burdens under different climate and development pathways, including health system impacts, focused on how changing weather patterns could affect the geographic range, seasonality, and/or burden of health outcomes;
- Examine challenges and opportunities for multi-sectoral adaptation partnerships that benefit human health;
- Identify, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of adaptation policies and programs; and
- Estimate the range of health co-benefits of climate change mitigation policies and technologies.
Following special issues within this section are currently open for submissions:
- Ten Years of Urgent Action: Global Environmental Threats to Health and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Deadline: 30 June 2021)
- Climate Change and Environment Health (Deadline: 31 July 2021)
- Disaster Mental Health Risk Reduction (Deadline: 1 August 2021)
- Heat-Health Warnings: Bridging the Gap between Heat Forecasts and Efficient Warning Systems (Deadline: 1 August 2021)
- Community Participation in Disaster Risk Reduction: Perspectives, Methodologies and Evaluations (Deadline: 1 August 2021)
- Linking Epidemiology and Public Health Practice to Support Climate and Health Adaptation (Deadline: 31 August 2021)
- Climate Change: An Often-Missed Cause of Occupational Injuries? (Deadline: 30 September 2021)
- Statistical Methods in Environmental Epidemiology (Deadline: 30 September 2021)
- The Psychological Impacts of Global Climate Change (Deadline: 1 October 2021)
- Climate Changes and Infectious Diseases Risks (Deadline: 30 November 2021)
- Global Warming & Water (Deadline: 30 November 2021)
- Climate Change and Health: Progress in Methodologies (Deadline: 30 November 2021)
- Prevention of Adverse Health Outcomes Related to Heat Exposure in Working Populations (Deadline: 30 November 2021)
- Disasters Preparedness and Emergency Response: Prevention, Surveillance and Mitigation Planning (Deadline: 31 December 2021)
- Disasters and Their Consequences for Public Health (Deadline: 31 December 2021)
- Advances in Climate Change and Arctic Health (Deadline: 31 December 2021)
- Prehospital and Disaster Medicine and Crises Management (Deadline: 31 December 2021)
- Human Health Implications of Droughts (Deadline: 31 December 2021)
- Climate Driven Health Impacts (Deadline: 15 February 2022)