Special Issue "Economic Evaluation and Caries Prevention"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Oral Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Thomas Davidson
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Health and Medical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping SE-58183, Sweden
Interests: health economics; cost-effectiveness; outcome measure; health technology assessment; oral health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Caries is globally the most prevalent noncommunicable disease, causing pain and detracting from quality of life. Although it is a chronic multifactorial disease, caries is largely preventable through a combination of measures at individual, professional and community levels. Once the disease is established there is increased risk of further progression, and this takes its toll, from both health and economic perspectives.

Health economic evaluations provide decision makers with important information. This input is important when the aim is to use scarce resources efficiently. It is also of value for development of guidelines and funding of research. To provide dentistry with relevant health economic evaluations, there is a need of studies on both its costs as well as its outcomes (presented in terms that enables a decision maker to prioritize effectively). There is furthermore a need for simulation models that can analyze methods from different time horizons and perspectives. Furthermore, health economic evaluations of caries would also benefit from estimating QALY values for various health states.

Dental caries is unevenly distributed in society and there is evidence, in both children and adults, of an association between socioeconomic status and dental caries. The same pattern occurs regionally, nationally as well as globally: the oral health of the socially disadvantaged is poorer than that of those with better living conditions. For all levels of society to have good dental health, effective oral health preventive interventions need to be implemented. Economic evaluations of caries preventive methods may help to get there.  

Papers addressing these topics are invited for this Special Issue.

Dr. Thomas Davidson
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Health economics
  • Economic evaluation
  • Costs
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Willingness-to-pay
  • Health technology assessment
  • Oral health
  • Quality of life

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Socio-Economic Status May Associate Different Risk(s) with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) That Can Cause the Development of Psychomotor Deficiency in Preschool Children Aged 3–6 Years Old: The Results of Preliminary Analysis from a Cohort Study
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9011; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18179011 - 26 Aug 2021
Viewed by 414
Abstract
Background: We have recently shown that there is a positive correlation between severe caries and developing psychomotor deficiency in preschool children. To fully re-assess such a relationship, we embarked on a 3-year longitudinal follow-up study of kindergarteners, where we aimed to: (i) confirm [...] Read more.
Background: We have recently shown that there is a positive correlation between severe caries and developing psychomotor deficiency in preschool children. To fully re-assess such a relationship, we embarked on a 3-year longitudinal follow-up study of kindergarteners, where we aimed to: (i) confirm whether early childhood caries is causally related to the development of psychomotor deficiency as proposed, and (ii) address any significant role or contribution of socio-economic status associated with caries–psychomotor interactions in the preschooler family cohorts studied, over time. Methods: A longitudinal study was designed where the total sum of 159 kindergarteners aged 3–6 from the central and southern regions of Taiwan were randomly selected and recruited for clinical examination of caries, together with questionnaires for personal, demographic and dietary information, socio-economic status, and the children’s psychomotor development scales which were collected and analyzed over time. Student’s t test, chi-squared test, correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression analysis with R2 determinants were employed to assess any attributable differences (of 0~1) between SES vs. psychomotor manifests and caries measured among all variables computed. Results: The results of our preliminary analyses show that: (i) there was likely a causal relationship between caries activities and aspects of general development scale via the Chinese Child Development Inventory over time (4.01 ± 3.47 vs. 5.88 ± 2.58, respectively) in the 3–6-year-old preschoolers, and (ii) there was significantly more attributable influence (via higher R-squared values) from SES and psychomotor manifests than that of caries and the Chinese Child Development Inventory counterparts, as detected over time. Conclusion: Collectively, the resulting analyses support our previous findings and confirm that there is likely a causal relationship between severe caries and psychomotor deficiency in growing preschoolers; the resulting analyses revealed that such causally related interactions may be attributably explainable by a content-reliant association via socio-economic status analyzed in the kindergartener family cohorts studied. Thus, the socio-economic status or its constituents/factors will have a much broader influence not only associated with developing early childhood caries (a biologic trait), but also for psychomotor deficiency (a social trait) in vulnerable children at risk. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Evaluation and Caries Prevention)
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