Special Issue "Adherence to Physical Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases"

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Diana Amado Alonso
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Centre for Sport Studies. Faculty of Juridical and Social Sciences, Physical Education Area. Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid.
Interests: adherence to physical activity; motivation; multidimensional intervention; patients; chronic diseases; adults; old people; adolescents; children; barriers to physical exercise; physical education; dance
Prof. Dr. Miguel Fernández Del Olmo
E-Mail
Assistant Guest Editor
Centre for Sport Studies. Faculty of Juridical and Social Sciences, Physical Education Area. Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid
Interests: Learning and motor control; neurorehabilitation; Parkinson's disease; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulaiton; tDCS; neurophysiology
Prof. Dr. Fernando Del Villar Álvarez
E-Mail Website
Assistant Guest Editor
Centre for Sport Studies. Faculty of Juridical and Social Sciences, Physical Education Area. Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid
Interests: adherence to physical exercise; multidimensional intervention; barriers to physical exercise; physical education; sports pedagogy
Prof. Dr. Daniel Collado Mateo
E-Mail Website
Assistant Guest Editor
Centre for Sport Studies. Faculty of Juridical and Social Sciences, Physical Education Area. Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid
Interests: physical exercise; chronic diseases; pain; health; exergames; quality of life; older adults
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, numerous experimental studies have shown that physical exercise programs developed specifically for patients with chronic pathologies have been very effective in increasing the functions and quality of life for those who suffer from them. However, ensuring adherence to physical exercise practice beyond the completion of these experiments remains a challenge.

The most relevant publications in the scientific community on adherence to physical exercise shed light on the importance of the characteristics of the physical exercise program and the analysis of personal factors as the two main elements in order to guarantee the continuity of practice. However, despite this evidence, there is still no consensus in the literature regarding the guidelines to be followed by the programs or the most incipient personal variables to try to get patients to not only start a physical exercise program but also adhere to it.

In response to this deficit, the Network of Adherence to Physical Exercise in
Patients with Chronic Diseases has been established, with the aim of disseminating relevant knowledge in three ways, namely teaching, research, and transfer. This network is financed by the Higher Sports Council of the Ministry of Culture and Sports in Spain, and is led by the Center for Sports Studies of the Rey Juan Carlos University of Madrid, with the support of the Spanish Foundation for Research Aid in Parkinson’s and other Neurodegenerative Diseases as well as Go Fit Lab Health Innovation.

This Special Issue is presented as part of this network and serves as a research space for solving problems that affect all sectors—educational, economic, health, political, etc.—and creating responses from the scientific field that can be applied in society.

Guest Editors

Prof. Dr. Diana Amado Alonso
Prof. Dr. Miguel Fernández Del Olmo
Prof. Dr. Fernando Del Villar Álvarez
Prof. Dr. Daniel Collado Mateo
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • adherence
  • physical exercise
  • patients
  • chronic diseases
  • program features
  • personal factors

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

Review
Key Factors Associated with Adherence to Physical Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases and Older Adults: An Umbrella Review
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2023; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042023 - 19 Feb 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1573
Abstract
Physical inactivity is a major concern and poor adherence to exercise programs is often reported. The aim of this paper was to systematically review published reviews on the study of adherence to physical exercise in chronic patients and older adults and to identify [...] Read more.
Physical inactivity is a major concern and poor adherence to exercise programs is often reported. The aim of this paper was to systematically review published reviews on the study of adherence to physical exercise in chronic patients and older adults and to identify those adherence-related key factors more frequently suggested by reviews for that population. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. Results were classified considering the target population and participants’ characteristics to identify the most repeated factors obtained for each condition. Fifty-five articles were finally included. Fourteen key factors were identified as relevant to increase adherence to physical exercise by at least ten reviews: (a) characteristics of the exercise program, (b) involvement of professionals from different disciplines, (c) supervision, (d) technology, (e) initial exploration of participant’s characteristics, barriers, and facilitators, (f) participants education, adequate expectations and knowledge about risks and benefits, (g) enjoyment and absence of unpleasant experiences, (h) integration in daily living, (i) social support and relatedness, (j) communication and feedback, (k) available progress information and monitoring, (l) self-efficacy and competence, (m) participant’s active role and (n) goal setting. Therefore, adherence to physical exercise is affected by several variables that can be controlled and modified by researchers and professionals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adherence to Physical Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases)
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