Special Issue "Functional Foods and Cardiometabolic Health"

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Forough Jahandideh
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
Interests: bioactive peptides; functional foods; hypertension; inflammation; insulin resistance; integrated hemodynamics; vascular function

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Functional foods, containing physiologically active compounds, are categorized as foods with specific health or medical functions over and above their traditional role in satisfying the body’s nutritional demands. A growing body of research has identified a variety of food-derived bioactive compounds including polyphenols, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and peptides with benefits towards cardiovascular and metabolic health. Bioactive compounds have the potential to reduce blood pressure and atherosclerosis, improve glucose homeostasis, and reduce body weight through diverse mechanisms including but not limited to improving endothelial function, scavenging reactive oxygen/nitrogen species, reducing inflammation, modulating the renin–angiotensin system, regulating food intake, enhancing glucose–insulin homeostasis, improving adipose tissue function, as well as blood lipids and lipoproteins. Food-derived bioactive compounds also have the potential to modulate the composition and functionality of the gut microbiota, which eventually exerts a beneficial impact on human health. Therefore, food-derived bioactive compounds have a great potential for innovation in the field of food, nutrition, and health.

Dr. Forough Jahandideh
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • bioactive peptides
  • cardiovascular system
  • functional foods
  • glucose metabolism
  • gut microbiota
  • hypertension
  • insulin resistance
  • obesity
  • polyphenols
  • unsaturated fatty acids

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Bioactive Compounds of Porcine Hearts and Aortas May Improve Cardiovascular Disorders in Humans
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7330; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147330 - 08 Jul 2021
Viewed by 477
Abstract
Functional foods promote health benefits in human metabolism, with bioactive compounds acting as therapeutic agents. The aim was to investigate the biological effects of a pâté made of pork hearts and aortas, minced, sterilised and packed in tins. Adults (61–66 years old) with [...] Read more.
Functional foods promote health benefits in human metabolism, with bioactive compounds acting as therapeutic agents. The aim was to investigate the biological effects of a pâté made of pork hearts and aortas, minced, sterilised and packed in tins. Adults (61–66 years old) with a body mass index of 26.4–60.7 kg/m2 (n = 36) were randomly divided into two groups: one group consumed a low-calorie diet (LCD), while the other consumed an LCD with the developed meat product (MP) for 28–30 days. Serum biochemical parameters, anthropometry and blood pressure were measured. Consumption of an LCD + MP by experimental group participants helped to maintain reduced cholesterol levels. The difference in total cholesterol was significantly different (p = 0.018) from that of the control group, mainly due to the difference in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.005). Six peptides with potential cholesterol-binding properties and four peptides with potential antioxidant activity were identified in the MP, while elevation of the content of two peptides with potential angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitory activity was detected in patients’ plasma. Intervention with the MP can be considered as a supportive therapy to the main treatment for medical cardiovascular diseases due to a positive effect on serum cholesterol. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Foods and Cardiometabolic Health)
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