Special Issue "Healthcare and Health: Measures and Evaluation"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Care Sciences & Services".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Domenica Matranga
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother and Child Care, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Interests: statistical modeling; data envelopment analysis; congestion analysis; multilevel Modeling; Bayesian modelling; additive Bayesian networks; structural equation modeling; healthcare efficiency evaluation; socioeconomic health inequality; noncommunicable diseases; elderly; active aging
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Filippa Bono
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Economics, Business and Statistics (SEAS), University of Palermo, 90100 Palermo, Italy
Interests: multidimensional analysis; data envelopment analysis; multilevel models; efficiency analysis; health inequality; concentration index; European Commission; socioeconomic inequality
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Ms. Laura Maniscalco
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biomedicine, Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics (BI.N.D.), University of Palermo, 90100 Palermo, Italy
Interests: statistical modeling; additive Bayesian networks; logistic regression with Firth’s penalty; structural equation modeling; socioeconomic health inequality; noncommunicable diseases; elderly; active aging; social network; appropriateness of drugs and diagnostics exam prescriptions; mental disorders
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Healthcare evaluation is an essential tool to assess the quality, importance, value, or adherence of a service or process or structure and comprises rigorous quality measurement methods. Circumscribing healthcare evaluation is challenging as it comprises the assessment of structures, process, output, and outcomes. The choice of measures and methods depends on the evaluation framework used as well as on their objectives. The evaluation of healthcare services and treatments can be addressed to measure the organizational efficacy and clinical effectiveness of diagnostic and therapeutic care pathways and protocols. Specifically, we would be delighted to receive papers investigating the impact of the current pandemics on all wards' organizational efficiency with particular insight into COVID-19 wards.

Reducing inequality in health remains one of the European Union's burning issues, and it is also an ambitious goal for each civil society. Inequality in health is influenced by socioeconomic, cultural, legal, political, and structural factors. Nowadays, the COVID-19 pandemic has widened health inequalities, limiting access to care for people with other chronic diseases, such as oncologic or cardiopathic patients.

A valid evaluation depends on the quality of data and methods used for assessment, and it addresses the successful strategies and policies of national authorities and regions implemented to reduce health inequalities. Temporal and territorial data analyses on health inequalities can help in successful strategies.

In attempts to address disparities in health and healthcare, there is a need for more research exploring sampling methods, statistical models, surveys, dataset construction, data correction, policy implication, output or outcome definitions, and what is necessary to understand and improve health status and healthcare. This issue will have a broad focus on the impact of health quality, care, wellbeing, waste resources, measures and statistical methods, and cost control.

We welcome original research papers using different study designs and systematic reviews, impact analyses, and meta-analyses.

Prof. Domenica Matranga
Prof. Filippa Bono
Ms. Laura Maniscalco
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Patient satisfaction
  • Efficiency
  • Data envelopment analysis
  • Stochastic frontiers
  • Good and bad outputs
  • Healthcare indicators
  • Responsiveness
  • Waiting lists
  • Care humanization
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic care pathways
  • Equitable
  • Patient-centered care
  • Policy evaluation
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Health outcome
  • Performance indicators
  • Resilience
  • Study design
  • Standardization
  • Time series models
  • COVID-19
  • Pandemics

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
The Research on Patient Satisfaction with Remote Healthcare Prior to and during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5338; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105338 - 17 May 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 699
Abstract
The issue of research on patient satisfaction with healthcare services took on a completely new dimension due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the developing telehealth services. This results from the fact that during the pandemic, remote healthcare was often the only possible form [...] Read more.
The issue of research on patient satisfaction with healthcare services took on a completely new dimension due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the developing telehealth services. This results from the fact that during the pandemic, remote healthcare was often the only possible form of care provision to the patient. The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially accelerated the implementation of remote healthcare in healthcare institutions and made it an essential tool for providing healthcare services. The objective of the literature review was to study the research on patient satisfaction with remote healthcare services prior to and during the pandemic. The study featured a literature review of electronic databases, such as: Medline, ProQuest, PubMED, Ebsco, Google Scholar, WoS. The identified empirical papers were classified in two groups concerning the research on patient satisfaction prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic, and were divided and descriptively synthesised. Certain limitations to the methodical quality of the research were demonstrated as result of the conducted analyses. It was also ascertained that researchers lack clarity on the method of defining and measuring satisfaction prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthcare and Health: Measures and Evaluation)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Postoperative Vomiting Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Is Associated with Intraoperative Fluid Administration: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5305; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105305 - 17 May 2021
Viewed by 604
Abstract
Potential risk factors for postoperative vomiting (POV) are important for daily anesthesia practice. To identify the risk factors associated with POV we retrospectively reviewed 553 adult patients who underwent scheduled simple laparoscopic cholecystectomy under sevoflurane-based general anesthesia between January and December 2018. Patients [...] Read more.
Potential risk factors for postoperative vomiting (POV) are important for daily anesthesia practice. To identify the risk factors associated with POV we retrospectively reviewed 553 adult patients who underwent scheduled simple laparoscopic cholecystectomy under sevoflurane-based general anesthesia between January and December 2018. Patients who experienced POV were predominantly women, had lower body weight, and higher ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical status. The POV group showed female sex predominance, lower body weight, and higher ASA physical status, with a significant difference when compared with the non-POV group. In univariate analysis, female sex and Apfel scores of 2, 3, and 4 were associated with a higher POV incidence. Age > 70 years, higher body weight, and ASA physical status III were associated with a lower POV incidence. In multivariate logistic regression, sex, age, Apfel score, and intraoperative crystalloid infusion rate were POV predictive factors. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed a negative association between the intraoperative crystalloid infusion rate and POV occurrence with an area under the curve of 0.73 (p = 0.001). The cutoff intraoperative crystalloid infusion rate was 2 mL/kg/h with 82% sensitivity and 49% specificity (≥2 mL/kg/h was associated with a lower POV incidence vs. <2 mL/kg/h (OR, 95% CI; 0.52 [0.33–0.83])). To decrease POV in these patients, identifying high-risk factors and an intraoperative crystalloid administration of ≥2 mL/kg/h should be considered in patients undergoing LC under sevoflurane-based general anesthesia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthcare and Health: Measures and Evaluation)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop