Special Issue "Mosquito-Borne Disease"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 January 2019).
A Special Issue on “Mosquito Borne Diseases” is being organised by the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health to re-focus attention on the ongoing public and veterinary impact of mosquitoes on disease transmission and control. For detailed information on the journal and submission see the website (https://0-www-mdpi-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/journal/ijerph).
Mosquitoes are responsible for some of the most devastating diseases of humans and have affected human populations for millennia. The requirement to obtain a blood meal by female mosquitoes makes them highly effective vectors of a range of diseases. Viruses in particular have adapted to transmission by mosquitoes from the established heavyweights such as dengue virus and yellow fever, to the recent emergence of chikungunya virus and Zika virus, causing rapid disease spread on a continental scale. From a zoonotic perspective, viruses, such as West Nile and Rift Valley fever, affect a range of domestic animals in difficult-to-predict outbreaks.
Parasites in the form of malaria in humans have been a continued challenge, with the World Health Organisation estimating 216 million human cases in 2016. Furthermore, the study of mosquito-borne malarial parasites in non-human primates, is pointing to the origin of those species affecting humans, and the impact of avian malaria is now being recognised in both wild and captive bird populations. In addition, Difilaria immitis or dog heartworm is found across a large area of the world and provides a clear veterinary example of a mosquito borne disease.
The effect such diseases have is reflected in the range of methods employed to control them. Vaccination is available for some, pre-eminently the introduction in the 20th century of yellow fever vaccines. Attempts to replicate this success has been achieved for some such as Japanese encephalitis virus but stalled for others, and in many cases have not even been attempted. Likewise, approaches to control the vector, particularly the anthropophilic species Aedes aegypti and Anopheles gambiae, have proliferated from the low-tech of insecticide impregnated bed nets to complex genetic manipulation of the vector.
This Special Issue is open on the subject area of “Mosquito Borne Diseases” and I would welcome original papers and reviews that consider all aspects of the vector, the diseases that they transmit and the control of both. The keywords listed below provide an outline to possible areas of interest although the breadth of the subject is such that it should only be considered a guide.
Dr. Nicholas Johnson
Manuscript Submission Information
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- vectorial capacity
- host preference