Special Issue "Public Health Implications Relating to Microbiological Pollution of Water"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2021).
Interests: environmental hygiene; occupational hygiene; food hygiene; environmental microbiology and virology; risk assessment; public health; molecular epidemiology
Water, which is one of the main determinants of health and represents the most fragile element on the planet, can be contaminated in several ways. The microbiological pollution of drinking, reused, or recreational water is a public health issue: the consumption of, or contact with, contaminated waters is associated with outbreaks caused by pathogens, such as bacteria, protozoa parasites, and viruses. The current microbial water quality standards in the majority of regulations are based mainly on fecal bacteria monitoring (total and fecal coliform, E. coli, intestinal enterococci, C. perfringens) and monitoring of some human bacterial pathogens (S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, and Salmonella spp.). Nevertheless, in the context of public health protection, these parameters are still an issue of great controversy, because it is well known that they are not consistently correlated with other enteric pathogens, especially viruses. Alternative microbial parameters have been proposed and tested in different water types, such as somatic coliphages and directly pathogenic agents, which have been used as indices to assess risk. Such microbial parameters were selected based on their diffusion, epidemiological relevance, and easiness to detect. The use of these different biological targets is important to better understand the real microbial risk associated with water pollution using innovative approaches, such as quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) in many different environments. This Special Issue seeks to gather papers on various aspects of water microbial pollution, including research on the microbiological monitoring of emerging pathogens and studies on the relationship between water contamination and health effects. We especially encourage the submission of interdisciplinary work and manuscripts related to new tools for microbial research, such as the use of sensors. We also encourage the submission of studies based on QMRA relating to water pollution, which aim to estimate the risk for humans. We welcome original research papers as well as reviews.
Dr. Marco Verani
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Water microbial pollution
- Microbial monitoring
- Risk assessment
- Microbial pollution indicators
- Index pathogens
- Microbial detection methods