Special Issue "Vision and Driving Safety"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 April 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Carolina Ortiz
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Laboratory of Vision Sciences and Applications, Department of Optics, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
Interests: driving safety; road behavior; distracted driving; binocular vision; visual impairment; aging
Dr. Sonia Ortiz-Peregrina
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Laboratory of Vision Sciences and Applications, Department of Optics, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
Interests: driving performance; driving safety; distracted driving; older drivers; visual impairment; visual tests; fitness to drive

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

According to the World Health Organization, approximately 1.35 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes. Although traffic safety is traditionally assessed by numbers of accidents, driving involves interaction between driver, vehicle, and environment.

Vision is the fundamental sensory mechanism used for driving. The aging population is leading to an increase in the number of drivers with visual impairment due to different age-related ocular diseases. This visual impairment affects driving performance, behaviors, and safety.

Older drivers have shown a greater risk of a fatal crash per distance driven, poorer maintenance of the vehicle’s position in the lane, worse pedestrian detection, and more nighttime driving difficulties. However, they often develop compensatory strategies such as reducing speed, which could mitigate some of these effects as a result of a loss of key functional abilities.

On the other hand, distraction caused by the in-vehicle environment, such as mobile phone use, is a growing concern for road safety and may pose a greater risk to drivers with a deteriorated visual capacity.  

The aim of this Special Issue is to find out which visual functions best represent the complexity of the driving environment. This could help to propose new criteria for visual examinations of drivers and thus improve road safety.

Researchers are invited to submit original research and review articles regarding any aspect of visual status of the driver or how visual impairment affects driving performance and safety risk. We also expect contributions about driver behavior or risk perception that influences road safety.

Dr. Carolina Ortiz
Guest Editor

Dr. Sonia Ortiz-Peregrina
Assistant Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • distracted driving
  • self-regulation
  • driver behavior
  • speeding
  • road signs visibility
  • pedestrian safety
  • aging
  • visual impairment
  • visual field loss
  • ocular disease

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Development of a Method to Potentially Substitute Direct Evaluation of Mesopic Visual Acuity in Drivers
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4733; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094733 - 29 Apr 2021
Viewed by 519
Abstract
(1) Background: In mesopic lighting conditions, or under adverse environmental circumstances, visual information is reduced, which increases the risk of traffic accidents. This effect could be reduced with a precise evaluation of the visual function under mesopic conditions, but it is difficult to [...] Read more.
(1) Background: In mesopic lighting conditions, or under adverse environmental circumstances, visual information is reduced, which increases the risk of traffic accidents. This effect could be reduced with a precise evaluation of the visual function under mesopic conditions, but it is difficult to replicate in clinics. This study aims to develop an easy-to-adopt method to evaluate mesopic visual acuity (VA) in drivers. (2) Methods: Prospective and observational study in drivers. logMAR mesopic VA was compared with photopic VA measured under different combinations of contrast charts and filters to find the combination that responds best to mesopic conditions. (3) Results: Fifty-six drivers were examined. The best correlation was found with an 80% density filter and a Weber contrast chart of 20%. The logMAR VA for this combination was 0.01 ± 0.11, which was close to the mesopic VA values (0.01 ± 0.12). The difference between both logMAR VA was 0.00 ± 0.06 (R = 0.86; p ≤ 0.001; ICC = 0.86). (4) Conclusions: The use of 20% contrast optotypes and the interposition of an 80% filter under photopic conditions provide VA values similar to those measured under mesopic lighting conditions, making this simple system a good predictor of mesopic VA values. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vision and Driving Safety)
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Article
Aggressive Driving Behaviours in Cannabis Users. The Influence of Consumer Characteristics
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3911; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18083911 - 08 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 754
Abstract
This study analysed dangerous driving behaviours in twenty young occasional cannabis users through objective and self-reported data, studying the relationship between the two aspects. Visual function was assessed in a baseline session and after smoking cannabis, as well as speed-related behaviour in a [...] Read more.
This study analysed dangerous driving behaviours in twenty young occasional cannabis users through objective and self-reported data, studying the relationship between the two aspects. Visual function was assessed in a baseline session and after smoking cannabis, as well as speed-related behaviour in a driving simulator. The participants responded to questionnaires on sociodemographic factors, their consumption profile, and the incidence of dangerous behaviours (Dula Dangerous Driving Index; DDDI). After cannabis use, the results revealed a significant deterioration in visual function. In terms of speed management, they showed significantly greater acceleration force in the two different sections of the route, and they drove significantly faster. Our correlations indicate that males and heavier users display more risky speed management. Likewise, the heavier cannabis users admitted to increased dangerous driving behaviour, and an accident in the preceding year was associated with a trend towards aggressive driving behaviour according to the DDDI questionnaire. The findings of this study suggest that cannabis users adopt dangerous behaviours when driving, despite the effect this drug has on certain important functions, such as vision. The results suggest a need for awareness-raising and information campaigns. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vision and Driving Safety)
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