Special Issue "Water Polo: Exercise and Health"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Sport and Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 June 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Ricardo J. Fernandes
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, 4099-002 Porto, Portugal
Interests: aquatic sports; exercise physiology; biomechanics; training; health
Prof. Dr. Flávio A. de S. Castro
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Dance, Aquatic Sports Research Group, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 90040-060 Porto Alegre,, Brazil
Interests: aquatic sports; water polo; swimming; game analysis
Prof. Dr. José Arturo Abraldes
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
Interests: aquatic sports; performance; health; lifesaving; first aid
Dr. Petros Botonis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Aquatic Sports, School of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Athens, 157 72 Athens, Greece
Interests: aquatic sports; sports performance optimization; fatigue and recovery
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Water polo became the first team sport in the Olympic Games in Paris’1900 and is well spread around the world. Concurrently with this competitive facet, the health benefits of its regular physical have been recognized, particularly regarding the development of cardiorespiratory fitness, general body strength and coordination, as well as mental agility and resilience. Since it is a multi-faceted and high-intensity intermittent sport, in which actions under hard conditions of body contact with the opponent are predominant, it requires strong physical capabilities. By alternating very intense phases of activity with moderate ones, it overloads the neuromuscular system and requires very high metabolic expenditure. Besides having to swim both with and without the ball, pass the ball, shoot at the goal and block the opponent and the ball, water polo players often need to change their position from horizontal to vertical and vice versa, with these actions being very often carried out with the op­ponent contrast.

An adequate learning process is fundamental to prepare future stages of the development of the water polo players’ training career, and to preserve their overall health. Moreover, a correct training plan, in the long or short term, is fundamental for translating sport sciences into practice, with coaches and staff using current scientific evidence for an efficient training process. Even though water polo research is more scarce than swimming research, studies have already focused on clinical injuries, performance, physical, physiological, kinematical and kinetical related variables. However, there is still a significant demand for technical, academic and scientific literature supporting water polo-related activities conducted by, e.g., teachers, coaches, physiotherapists, medical doctors, team leaders, analysts, exercise physiologists, biomechanicists and administrators.

This Special Issue welcomes contributions from different expertise areas that can contribute to the water polo body of knowledge, both from exercise and health perspectives. It will be a challenge to motivate water polo professionals who, even existing in a high number around the world, are not (yet) motivated to networking and find common ground. Your contribution will be fundamental for us to excel in this regard, and studies on the health benefits of exercise will be especially appreciated.

Prof. Dr. Ricardo Fernandes
Prof. Dr. Flávio A. de S. Castro
Prof. Dr. José Arturo Abraldes
Dr. Petros Botonis
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • didactics
  • pedagogy
  • training
  • well-being
  • planning
  • administration
  • monitoring
  • leadership
  • game analysis
  • rehabilitation
  • talents

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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