Special Issue "Physical Activity Promotion for the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Obesity"

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Francesca Gallè
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Movement Sciences and Wellbeing, University of Naples “Parthenope”, 80133 Naples, Italy
Interests: public health; physical activity; promotion of healthy lifestyle; disease prevention
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Giuliana Valerio
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Movement Sciences and Wellbeing, University of Naples “Parthenope”, 80133 Naples, Italy
Interests: exercise; health-related physical fitness; childhood obesity treatment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the last few decades, the prevalence of obesity has more than doubled in children. Since obese children tend to become obese adults, facing an increased risk of developing diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and many other chronic diseases, combating pediatric obesity represents an important public health issue. Physical activity and exercise, together with a healthy diet, are widely recognized to be fundamental tools for the prevention and treatment of obesity and its cardiometabolic consequences. Therefore, several exercise-based interventions have been implemented in different settings to promote physical activity in children. Some of these have also been included by institutions in national or local health promotion programs. Furthermore, a good understanding of the role that impaired physical function and obesity-related stigma play in physical activity and exercise may help us to design treatment strategies tailored to obese youth.

This Special Issue seeks papers considering interventions focused on physical activity for the prevention or the treatment of childhood obesity. Epidemiological, clinical, and cost-effectiveness studies are welcome. High-quality narrative and systematic reviews will also be considered.

Prof. Francesca Gallè
Prof. Giuliana Valerio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • exercise
  • children
  • adolescents
  • overweight
  • obesity
  • cardiometabolic risk
  • insulin resistance
  • lifestyle
  • health-related physical fitness
  • prevention
  • treatment

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Article
The Determinants of Health-Related Quality of Life in a Sample of Primary School Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3251; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063251 - 21 Mar 2021
Viewed by 776
Abstract
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in childhood is a multidimensional construct with many sub dimensions of subjective experience, including physical activity (PA), psychological well-being, social interaction, and school performance, that represents a fundamental health outcome to assess a child’s physical and psycho-social [...] Read more.
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in childhood is a multidimensional construct with many sub dimensions of subjective experience, including physical activity (PA), psychological well-being, social interaction, and school performance, that represents a fundamental health outcome to assess a child’s physical and psycho-social functioning. Our study aims to explore the potential predictors of children’s health-related quality of life, using a convenience sample from the Imola Active Break Study (I-MOVE), considering demographic, anthropometric measures, PA level measured by Actigraph accelerometers, parent-reported/self-reported HRQoL, and body image. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among 151 primary school children in Italy. HRQoL was assessed using the Italian version 4.0 of the Paediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) questionnaire. Results: Children who spent more time partaking in moderate PA were associated with a higher total PedsQL score (p < 0.03). Mother’s body mass index (BMI) was the only variable statistically significant associated with the physical health domain of PedsQL. Parent’s proxy-report perception concerning children’s psychosocial health was statistically relevant. The children’s gender, age, and BMI had no association with any of the HRQoL outcomes. Discussion: Parent proxy-report psychosocial health and mother’s BMI should be considered as predictors of HRQoL for the psychosocial and physical domain. PA should be implemented in order to improve the HRQoL of primary school children. Full article

Review

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Review
Exergames in Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Systematic Review
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4938; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094938 - 06 May 2021
Viewed by 546
Abstract
In the last decade, active video games (exergames) have been proposed in obesity prevention and treatment as a potential tool to increase physical activity. This review was aimed to assess the possible role of exergames in reducing weight-related outcomes among overweight/obese children and/or [...] Read more.
In the last decade, active video games (exergames) have been proposed in obesity prevention and treatment as a potential tool to increase physical activity. This review was aimed to assess the possible role of exergames in reducing weight-related outcomes among overweight/obese children and/or adolescents. The databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and SPORTDiscus were interrogated to detect controlled studies involving healthy overweight/obese children and adolescents in interventions based exclusively on exergames. Out of a total of 648 articles found, 10 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The included studies differ for duration, setting and type of intervention, frequency of active game sessions, and outcomes considered. Seven out of ten studies reported better outcomes in children/adolescents involved in the interventions, with significant differences between groups in four, while three studies found better outcomes in control groups. These results suggest a possible positive effect of active video games on weight-related outcomes in obese children and adolescents. However, further research is still needed to define if they can be effectively used in childhood obesity treatment and which may be the most effective approach. The potentiality of the new digital media in this field should be explored. Full article
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