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Special Issue "Climate Change Mitigation Strategies"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Climate Change and Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 September 2020).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Monica Salvia
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
CNR-IMAA, National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis, 7-00185 Rome, Italy
Interests: energy systems analysis and models development; climate change mitigation strategies; rational use of energy; renewable energy sources; technology support and capacity building for local governments; smart cities
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Carmelina Cosmi
E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, Italy
Interests: energy systems analysis and modelling; energy-environmental policy assessment; multi-objective strategies; rational use of resources and technology innovation; sustainable energy planning; capacity buildings; participatory approaches; living labs
Dr. Filomena Pietrapertosa
E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
CNR-IMAA, National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis, 7-00185 Rome, Italy
Interests: energy systems analysis and modeling; energy efficiency; renewable energy source; climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies at local scale; energy awareness; evaluation of the role of local and national energy systems in achieving the objectives of efficient use of resources and sustainability; decision support tools for the energy efficiency of public buildings; life cycle assessment
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The achievement of the Paris Agreement’s targets by 2050 requires multi-level integrated strategies to improve current energy systems towards a more sustainable and smarter configuration, increasing energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy in order to achieve a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Nations are called to plan their climate and energy objectives, policies, and measures (e.g., the recent draft National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) for 2021–2030 of the EU Member States), whereas local and regional authorities are fundamental for the energy transition and the fight against climate change, being the level of governance closest to the citizens. In particular, regions combat climate change and promote energy efficiency and renewable energy through their regional energy (and climate) plans, and cities, which are responsible for 80% of energy use and CO2 emissions, are taking action by preparing their own energy and climate plans (e.g., within the European Covenant of Mayors).

For this Special Issue, papers dealing with climate change mitigation strategies at local, regional, and national levels will be considered. The main focus will be on energy system modeling, scenario analysis, and energy–technology roadmaps to achieve medium-term and long-term mitigation strategies but also on integrated strategies on climate change mitigation and adaptation and co-benefit approaches to climate change mitigation.

Dr. Monica Salvia
Dr. Carmelina Cosmi
Dr. Filomena Pietrapertosa
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Energy systems analysis
  • Energy systems modeling and scenario analysis
  • Climate change mitigation strategies
  • Technology support and capacity building for local governments in real case studies
  • Energy–technology roadmaps and smart cities
  • Integrated strategies on sustainable development, climate change mitigation, and adaptation

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
A Methodological Integrated Approach to Analyse Climate Change Effects in Agri-Food Sector: The TIMES Water-Energy-Food Module
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7703; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17217703 - 22 Oct 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 805
Abstract
The European Union’s 2030 climate and energy policy and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development underline the commitment to mitigate climate change and reduce its impacts by supporting sustainable use of resources. This commitment has become stricter in light of the ambitious climate [...] Read more.
The European Union’s 2030 climate and energy policy and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development underline the commitment to mitigate climate change and reduce its impacts by supporting sustainable use of resources. This commitment has become stricter in light of the ambitious climate neutrality target set by the European Green Deal for 2050. Water, Energy and Food are the key variables of the “Nexus Thinking” which face the sustainability challenge with a multi-sectoral approach. The aim of the paper is to show the methodological path toward the implementation of an integrated modeling platform based on the Nexus approach and consolidated energy system analysis methods to represent the agri-food system in a circular economy perspective (from the use of water, energy, biomass, and land to food production). The final aim is to support decision-making connected to climate change mitigation. The IEA-The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System (TIMES) model generator was used to build up the Basilicata Water, Energy and Food model (TIMES-WEF model), which allows users a comprehensive evaluation of the impacts of climate change on the Basilicata agri-food system in terms of land use, yields and water availability and a critical comparison of these indicators in different scenarios. The paper focuses on the construction of the model’s Reference Energy and Material System of the TIMES model, which integrates water and agricultural commodities into the energy framework, and on the results obtained through the calibration of the model β version to statistical data on agricultural activities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Mitigation Strategies)
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Article
How to Prioritize Energy Efficiency Intervention in Municipal Public Buildings to Decrease CO2 Emissions? A Case Study from Italy
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4434; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124434 - 20 Jun 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1022
Abstract
The European Union 2050 climate neutrality goal and the climate crisis require coordinated efforts to reduce energy consumption in all sectors, and mainly in buildings greatly affected by the increasing temperature, with relevant CO2 emissions due to inefficient end-use technologies. Moreover, the [...] Read more.
The European Union 2050 climate neutrality goal and the climate crisis require coordinated efforts to reduce energy consumption in all sectors, and mainly in buildings greatly affected by the increasing temperature, with relevant CO2 emissions due to inefficient end-use technologies. Moreover, the old building stock of most countries requires suited policies to support renovation programs aimed at improving energy performances and optimize energy uses. A toolbox was developed in the framework of the PrioritEE project to provide policy makers and technicians with a wide set of tools to support energy efficiency in Municipal Public Buildings. The toolbox, available for free, was tested in the partners’ communities, proving its effectiveness. The paper illustrates its application to the Potenza Municipality case study in which the online calculator DSTool (the core instrument of the toolbox) was utilized to select and prioritize the energy efficiency interventions in public buildings implementable in a three-year action plan in terms of costs, energy savings, CO2 emissions’ reduction and return on investments. The results highlight that improvements in the building envelopes (walls and roofs), heating and lighting and photovoltaic systems allow reducing CO2 emission approximately 644 t/year and saving about 2050 MWh/year with a total three-year investment of 1,728,823 EUR. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Mitigation Strategies)
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Article
Do Aging and Low Fertility Reduce Carbon Emissions in Korea? Evidence from IPAT Augmented EKC Analysis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2972; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082972 - 24 Apr 2020
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 1157
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to empirically find the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) relationship between income and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and to analyze the influence of population aging on such emissions. We utilize Korean regional panel data of 16 [...] Read more.
The purpose of this article is to empirically find the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) relationship between income and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and to analyze the influence of population aging on such emissions. We utilize Korean regional panel data of 16 provinces during the period from 1998 to 2016. To account for the nonstationary time series in the panel, we employ a fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS) and estimate long-run elasticity. From the empirical results, we can find the nonlinear relationship between income and CO2 emissions. Additionally, we verify the fact that population aging reduces CO2 emissions. A 1% increase in the proportion of the elderly results in a 0.4% decrease in CO2 emissions. On the other hand, the younger population increases CO2 emissions. These results were in line with those of additional analysis on residential and transportation CO2 emissions, for the robustness check. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Mitigation Strategies)
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Article
Forecasting Energy Consumption in the EU Residential Sector
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2259; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072259 - 27 Mar 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 732
Abstract
The present paper aims to introduce a top down methodology for the forecasting of residential energy demand in four European countries, namely Germany, Italy, Spain, and Lithuania. The methodology employed to develop the estimation is based on econometric techniques. In particular, a logarithmic [...] Read more.
The present paper aims to introduce a top down methodology for the forecasting of residential energy demand in four European countries, namely Germany, Italy, Spain, and Lithuania. The methodology employed to develop the estimation is based on econometric techniques. In particular, a logarithmic dynamic linear constant relationship of the consumption is proposed. Demand is estimated as a function of a set of explaining variables, namely heating degree days and gross domestic product per capita. The results confirm that the methodology can be applied to the case of Germany, Italy, and Spain, whereas it is not suitable for Lithuania. The analysis of elasticities of the demand with respect to the gross domestic product per capita shows a negative value for Germany, −0.629, and positive values for Italy, 0.837, and Spain, 0.249. The forecasting of consumption shows that Germany and Italy are more sensitive to weather conditions with respect to Spain and an increase in the demand of 8% and 9% is expected in case of cold climatic conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Mitigation Strategies)
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