Special Issue "Health Care in the Elderly"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 April 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Facultad de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Grupo IMCU, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha (UCLM), 45071 Toledo, Spain
Interests: ageing; older people; nursing; nursing care; polypharmacy; preventive activities and public health; physical activity and health; violence; elder abuse
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Prof. Dr. Ana Isabel Cobo-Cuenca
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Facultad de Fisioterapia y Enfermería y Fisioterapia de Toledo, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha, 45005 Toledo, Spain
Interests: preventive activities and public health; physical activity and health; nursing care; women and health; quality of life; sexuality; mood; chronic diseases
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. José Alberto Laredo-Aguilera
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Facultad de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Grupo IMCU, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha (UCLM), 45071 Toledo, Spain
Interests: older people; nursing; physical activity; body composition; childhood obesity
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Prof. Dr. Diana Patricia Pozuelo-Carrascosa
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Social and Health Care Research Center, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 16071 Cuenca, Spain
Interests: physical activity; body composition analysis; body composition; childhood obesity
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The world’s population is aging faster than in recent decades. Age is associated with increases in chronic diseases, morbidity, frailty, disabilities, and dependence, resulting in a greater use of health services and health care costs. This results in increased demand for care, primarily from the informal system, with the main caregivers often being women. Institutionalization is sometimes perceived as a failure of care. To respond to this issue, a multidisciplinary involvement and approach is needed at all levels of care. In recent years, the amount of scientific research and policy development has grown, addressing subjects such as digital health, which represents a driver of change towards new care models including eHealth, mHealth, telemedicine, telehealth, and many more.

This Special Issue seeks papers on new research on the phenomenon of care in the elderly, new health care systems, nursing homes, informal care, frailty, dependence, and epidemiological surveys concerning the problems faced by older people, with the final goal to improve the health and care of older people. We also welcome high-quality systematic reviews related to these matters. I would be delighted if this Special Issue serves as a trigger for elaborate policies and to innovate solutions to increase the health care level of older people and their caregivers.

Prof. Dr. Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres
Prof. Dr. Ana Isabel Cobo-Cuenca
Dr. José Alberto Laredo-Aguilera
Prof. Dr. Diana Patricia Pozuelo-Carrascosa
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • aged
  • caregivers
  • digital health
  • disabilities
  • eHealth
  • frailty
  • health care cost
  • health services
  • nursing homes
  • patient care
  • social supports
  • telemedicine

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
The Health Status Transition and Medical Expenditure Evaluation of Elderly Population in China
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6907; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18136907 - 27 Jun 2021
Viewed by 813
Abstract
(1) Background: Because of the rapid expansion of the aging population in China, their health status transition and future medical expenditure have received increasing attention. This paper analyzes the health transition of the elderly and how their health transition impacts medical expenditures. At [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Because of the rapid expansion of the aging population in China, their health status transition and future medical expenditure have received increasing attention. This paper analyzes the health transition of the elderly and how their health transition impacts medical expenditures. At the same time, feasible policy suggestions are provided to respond to the rising medical expenditure and the demand for social care. (2) Methods: The data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) from 2011 to 2015 and analyzed using the Markov model and the Two-Part model (TPM) to forecast the size of the elderly population and their medical expenditures for the period 2020–2060. (3) Results: The study indicates that: (1) for the elderly with a mild disability, the probability of their health improvement is high; in contrast, for the elderly with a moderate or severe disability, their health deterioration is almost certain; (2) the frequency of the diagnosis and treatments of the elderly is closely related to their health status and medical expenditure; alternatively, as the health status deteriorates, the intensity of the elderly individuals’ acceptance of their diagnosis and treatment increases, and so does the medical expense; (3) the population of the elderly with mild and moderate disability demonstrates an inverted “U”-shape, which reaches a peak around 2048, whereas the elderly with severe disability show linear growth, being the target group for health care; (4) with the population increase of the elderly who have severe disability, the medical expenditure increases significantly and poses a huge threat to medical service supply. Conclusions: It is necessary to provide classified and targeted health care according to the health status of the elderly. In addition, improving the level of medical insurance, establishing a mechanism for sharing medical expenditure, and adjusting the basic demographic structure are all important policy choices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care in the Elderly)
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