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Special Issue "Biological Effects of Occupational and Environmental Exposures to Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiations: Exploring the Exposome"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 July 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Enrico Oddone
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Interests: occupational cancers; model of carcinogenesis; ionizing radiations; radioprotection; occupational medicine
Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Taino
E-Mail Website
Assistant Guest Editor
Occupational Medicine Unit (UOOML), ICS Maugeri IRCCS, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Interests: ionizing radiations; non-ionizing radiations; radioprotection; occupational exposures; industrial hygiene
Prof. Dr. Carlo M. Modonesi
E-Mail Website
Assistant Guest Editor
Fondazione IRCCS, Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano, Italy
Interests: socio-ecological determinants of cancer; occupational health risk; population-based cancer data; human biology; human-environment relationship

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Exposures to ionizing (IR) and non-ionizing (NIR) radiations are well-known risk factors and are treated as such, especially in occupational medicine. Despite the potential health hazard, wide sections of our population could (and, in a way, had to) be exposed to IR and NIR, both during their work and their everyday life. Thus, it emerges that the crucial issue is to understand if there are “safe” levels of exposure, and which the biological effects of the usual exposure levels detected in workplaces and living environments are. It should be considered that IR and NIR are involved, as a cause or con-cause, in the onset of several important illnesses, including various types of cancers. 

This Special Issue aims to present new contributions on the biological effects of occupational and environmental exposures to IR or NIR (including optical radiations and electromagnetic fields). We encourage submissions that characterize the health impacts of these risk factors, also considering mechanisms of evaluation of “safe” levels of exposure. We are also particularly interested in contributions that evaluate policies or interventions that may help to mitigate their impact. Finally, research that stresses the role that IR or NIR could play in new theories of carcinogenesis (i.e., not strictly related to DNA mutations) or that evaluates, in a broad sense, the ‘exposome’ is strongly encouraged.

Dr. Enrico Oddone
Prof. Giuseppe Taino
Prof. Carlo M. Modonesi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Ionizing radiations
  • Non-ionizing radiations
  • Radioprotection
  • Model of carcinogenesis
  • Biological effects
  • Electromagnetic fields
  • Ultraviolet radiations
  • Optical radiations
  • Health hazards
  • Exposome

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Assessment of the Exposure to Gradient Magnetic Fields Generated by MRI Tomographs: Measurement Method, Verification of Limits and Clearance Areas through a Web-Based Platform
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3475; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18073475 - 27 Mar 2021
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This work is the result of a campaign of measures of exposure levels to magnetic field gradients (GMF) generated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tomographs, to which both healthcare staff and any persons accompanying patients who remain inside the magnet room are exposed [...] Read more.
This work is the result of a campaign of measures of exposure levels to magnetic field gradients (GMF) generated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tomographs, to which both healthcare staff and any persons accompanying patients who remain inside the magnet room are exposed while performing a diagnostic Investigation. The study was conducted on three MRI tomographs with a static magnetic induction field up to 1.5 T installed in two hospitals of Lombardy. The study aims to characterize electromagnetic emissions within the magnet room and the definition of a measurement method suitable for assessing the level of exposure of healthcare personnel and any persons accompanying patients. The measurements performed concerned the determination of the weighted peak index for magnetic induction, due to the diagnostic GMF, relating to the action levels for the workers and the reference levels for the general population, in force in the European Union. Thanks to the defined experimental setup, the use of two different measuring instruments, and the software resources of the WEBNIR platform, it was possible to identify, for both categories of exposed persons, the “clearance” space, i.e., the distance from the magnet of the tomograph that guarantees health protection concerning the exposure to GMF, according to the indications of the standards in force. The method used showed that the exposure levels to GMF are substantially safe for professionally exposed workers who do not carry specific risks. For workers particularly sensitive to the specific risk, as well as to individuals part of the population, it is however advisable to maintain a distance from the magnet of about one meter to prevent sensorial neuromuscular stimulation effects. Full article
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