Special Issue "The Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise in Motor and Cognitive Functions in Older Adults"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Sport and Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. José Francisco Filipe Marmeleira
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sport and Health, CHRC–UE - Comprehensive Health Research Centre, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Interests: motor and social–-emotional development; embodiment; adapted physical activity
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Armando de Mendoça Raimundo
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sport and Health, School of Health and Human Development, University of Évora, 7000-812 Évora, Portugal
Interests: body composition; physical activity; exercise; health; sport performance
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Jesús del Pozo-Cruz
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Seville, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Interests: physical activity; exercise and health; examining objective physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels and it’s relationship with different health outcomes and biological markers across lifespan; developing pedometer-based strategies to help modify behaviours towards physical activity and an active lifestyle in clinical populations and to explore the effects of such interventions on the health of the individuals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues, 

The growing proportion and longevity of older adults is a global phenomenon, as recognized by the United Nations (Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2019). In this context, a significant challenge in the years to come is to provide appropriate conditions and services for older adults to live a long and healthy life. Physical activity and exercise are essential strategies for helping people cope with the functional and health challenges associated with advanced age. Both motor skills and motor fitness could benefit from active physical lifestyles and regular engagement in exercise. This is particularly relevant for older adults, as they tend to experience mobility problems, a higher risk of falls and a decline in the performance of daily living activities. Besides, cognitive functioning also undergoes detrimental changes during ageing, affecting older adults' functional status and quality of life. In this regard, in recent years there has been growing interest about the impact of exercise on cognition and brain health, including on the underlying mechanisms. For this Special Issue, authors are invited to submit original studies or review recent work on the benefits of physical activity and exercise on motor and/or cognitive functioning and related aspects in both healthy ageing and age-related pathological conditions. Some subareas of interest include mode of exercise (e.g., multicomponent/multimodal and mind–body exercise), motor skills, motor assessment, activities of daily living, cognition, neuroplasticity, institutionalization and feasibility. Both quantitative and qualitative studies are welcome.

Prof. Dr. José Francisco Filipe Marmeleira
Prof. Dr. Armando de Mendoça Raimundo
Prof. Dr. Jesús del Pozo-Cruz
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • physical exercise
  • mind-body exercise
  • elderly
  • motor fitness
  • balance
  • mobility
  • agility
  • dual-task training
  • cognition
  • processing speed
  • executive function
  • brain health

Published Papers (1 paper)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
Physical Activity Level Following Resistance Training in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Receiving Home Care: Results from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6682; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18136682 - 22 Jun 2021
Viewed by 939
Abstract
Older adults’ physical activity (PA) is low. We examined whether eight months of resistance training increased PA level in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care. A two-armed cluster-randomized trial using parallel groups was conducted. The included participants were >70 years and received home [...] Read more.
Older adults’ physical activity (PA) is low. We examined whether eight months of resistance training increased PA level in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care. A two-armed cluster-randomized trial using parallel groups was conducted. The included participants were >70 years and received home care. The resistance training group performed resistance training using body weight, elastic bands, and water canes twice per week for eight months. The control group was informed about the national PA guidelines and received motivational talks. The ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer was used to estimate PA. Outcomes included total PA (counts per minute), sedentary behavior (min/day), light PA (min/day), moderate-to-vigorous PA (min/day), and steps (mean/day). Between-group differences were analyzed using multilevel linear mixed models. Twelve clusters were randomized to either resistance training (7 clusters, 60 participants) or the control group (5 clusters, 44 participants). A total of 101 participants (median age 86.0 (interquartile range 80–90) years) had valid accelerometer data and were included in the analysis. There were no statistically significant between-group differences for any of the PA outcomes after four or eight months. This study offers no evidence of increased PA level following resistance training in older adults with home care. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Physical and motor fitness tests for older adults living in nursing homes: a systematic review
Authors: Luis Galhardas; Armando Raimundo; Jesús del Pozo Cruz; José Marmeleira
Affiliation: Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Seville, 41013 Sevilla, Spain

Back to TopTop