Special Issue "Integrated Sports Dentistry, Nutrition and Rehabilitation: Biomarkers to Detect Sports Injuries and Performance"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Messina
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Human Movement Sciences, University of Palermo, Via Giovanni Pascoli 6, 90144 Palermo, Italy
Interests: TMJ desorders; sport injury; sport dentistry; EMG; gait analysis; posturography; swallowing dysfunction; mandibular kinesiography; sports psychology; biomarkers
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Patrizia Proia
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Human Movement Sciences, University of Palermo, Via Giovanni Pascoli 6, 90144 Palermo, Italy
Interests: bone; nutrition; obesity; functional food; physical activity; genetics; epigenetics; antioxidant; cognitive functions; health and disease biomarkers; sports psychology; postural and balance; microbiome
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The "Integrated Sports Dentistry" branch includes both injuries from direct trauma during activity in contact sports and the evaluation of gnathological, orthodontic, and postural problems in athletes of various levels, and any integrated rehabilitation that must comply the equilibrium conditions of the tonic–postural system. From a neurophysiological point of view, it is ascertained that there is a bilateral cortical representation of the oral region, and each dental element is represented in a three-dimensional way. Information coming from edentulous areas or in conditions of malocclusion puts cortical projection areas at a synaptic disadvantage compared to adjacent areas, which run the task of making up for absent and/or deficient information through the phenomenon of cortical plasticity. This Special Issue aims to give a clear view of the state of the art on the relationships between the stomatognathic receptor and myoneuropostural balance in sports subjects of various levels, for the prevention of injuries and for adequate integrated rehabilitation. Topics include mouthguard, dental prosthesis, bite for TMJ disorders, non-invasive diagnostic methods such as EMG, static and dynamic posturography, mandibular kinesiography, and integrated functional re-education methods. Furthermore, there will be a parallel section in which it will be possible to investigate the effect of physical activity related to wellbeing in both healthy and pathological subjects through the analysis of blood biomarkers as well as predisposing genetic factors.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Messina
Prof. Patrizia Proia
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • oral health
  • sport dentistry
  • TMJ disorders
  • sport injury
  • gait analysis
  • injury rehabilitation
  • muscle re-education
  • EMG
  • mandibular kinesiography
  • biomarkers
  • nutrition
  • genetics
  • physical activity
  • bone metabolism
  • health and disease biomarkers

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
The Use of Dietary Supplements in Fitness Practitioners: A Cross-Sectional Observation Study
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 5005; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18095005 - 09 May 2021
Viewed by 806
Abstract
This study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of use of dietary supplements (DSs) among gym users and gym instructors involved in body shaping-oriented fitness training. Furthermore, this study aimed to verify whether differences existed in the prevalence and in the types of [...] Read more.
This study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of use of dietary supplements (DSs) among gym users and gym instructors involved in body shaping-oriented fitness training. Furthermore, this study aimed to verify whether differences existed in the prevalence and in the types of DSs used in both gym users and gym instructors involved in body shaping-oriented fitness competitions vs. those not involved in fitness competitions. A survey was distributed to 316 participants, composed of 89 gym instructors and 227 gym users of both genders aged 27.3 ± 7.7. Among these participants, 52 were involved in competitions and 248 were not, while 16 participants did not specify either way. The results showed a high prevalence in the use of DSs in the population considered, with 85.4% of the participants declaring they used DSs, with high heterogeneity in the numbers and in the combinations used. No differences were found between gym instructors and gym users, or between participants involved and those not involved in competitions. The results indicate that DSs are widely used by persons involved in body shaping-oriented fitness training. The results also suggest that the majority of the participants decided individually which DSs to use. Full article
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Article
Efficacy and Pharmacological Appropriateness of Cinnarizine and Dimenhydrinate in the Treatment of Vertigo and Related Symptoms
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4787; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18094787 - 30 Apr 2021
Viewed by 814
Abstract
Vertigo is not itself a disease, but rather a symptom of various syndromes and disorders that jeopardize balance function, which is essential for daily activities. It is an abnormal sensation of motion that usually occurs in the absence of motion, or when a [...] Read more.
Vertigo is not itself a disease, but rather a symptom of various syndromes and disorders that jeopardize balance function, which is essential for daily activities. It is an abnormal sensation of motion that usually occurs in the absence of motion, or when a motion is sensed inaccurately. Due to the complexity of the etiopathogenesis of vertigo, many pharmacological treatments have been tested for efficacy on vertigo. Among these drugs, cinnarizine, usually given together with dimenhydrinate, appears to be the first-line pharmacotherapy for the management of vertigo and inner ear disorders. Based on these considerations, the present non-interventional study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of cinnarizine (20 mg) and dimenhydrinate (40 mg) in patients suffering from vertigo-related symptoms. To this end, we enrolled 120 adults—70 males, and 50 females—with an average age of 64 years. Before beginning pharmacological treatment, all patients were screened for the intensity of vertigo, dizziness, and concomitant symptoms through the Visual Scale of Dizziness Disorders and Dizziness Handicap Inventory scales. At the end of the anamnestic evaluation, patients received the fixed-dose combination of cinnarizine (20 mg) plus dimenhydrinate (40 mg) 3 times daily, for 60 days. The results of this study provide further insight regarding the efficacy of the fixed combination when used to reduce symptoms of vestibular vertigo of central and/or peripheral origin, after both the 15- and 60-day therapies. Independent of the type of vertigo, the fixed combination was able to reduce dizziness- and vertigo-associated symptoms in more than 75% of all patients treated, starting from 15 days of therapy, and improving 60 days after starting the therapy. Interestingly, we also found differences between male and female patients in the framework of the pharmacological effects of therapy. This study provides further details concerning the therapeutic efficacy of the fixed combination of cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate, and also focuses attention on the possibility that these drugs could act in a gender-specific manner, paving the way for further research. Full article
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Article
Proposal for a Fitness Program in the School Setting during the COVID 19 Pandemic: Effects of an 8-Week CrossFit Program on Psychophysical Well-Being in Healthy Adolescents
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3141; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063141 - 18 Mar 2021
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1341
Abstract
Background: The Italian government promoted social distancing, in which the suspension of any social event, suspension of all activities practiced in gyms, sports centers and their closure was ordered. The social distancing in the school environment and the use of strategies to limit [...] Read more.
Background: The Italian government promoted social distancing, in which the suspension of any social event, suspension of all activities practiced in gyms, sports centers and their closure was ordered. The social distancing in the school environment and the use of strategies to limit viral infection are not very compatible with group motor activity and team sports. The aim of this study is to verify the effectiveness of a CrossFit program in order to mitigate the deficits in fitness caused by COVID-19 prevention measures and to evaluate the effects on self-efficacy in a group of young adolescents. Methodsː 30 healthy participants were randomly allocated into an intervention group (IG) that performed the 8 weeks CrossFit training program or control group (CG). Physical fitness tests (i.e., Squat, push-up, lunge, and 20 m run) and psychological measures Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy scale (RESE) were performed at baseline and after 8 weeks. Resultsː After 8 weeks, the intervention group showed significant improvements for all fitness tests (p < 0.0001). Additionally, higher scores for the RESE negative and positive (p < 0.0001) scales were found in the intervention group. No statistical differences were found in the control group except for the push up test. Conclusionsː the 8-week CrossFit intervention program could positively affect the general physical well-being and improve the emotional perceived self-efficacy in healthy adolescents. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Pharmacological evidence of the cinnarizina and dimenhydrinate use in the treatment of vertigo and related symptoms
Authors: Fulvio Plescia; Pietro Salvago; Francesco Dispenza; Giuseppe Messina; Emanuele Cannizzaro; Francesco Martines
Affiliation: Dipartimento di Biomedicina, Neuroscienze e Diagnostica avanzata (BiND), Sezione di Audiologia Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via del Vespro, 129 - 90127 Palermo, Italy
Abstract: Vertigo is not a disease itself but a spy symptom of various syndromes or disorders that jeopardize the balance function, essential for daily activities. It is an abnormal sensation of motion that usually occurs in the absence of motion or when a motion is sensed inaccurately. Due to the complexity of the etiopathogenesis of vertigo, many pharmacological treatments have been tested for efficacy on vertigo. Among these drugs, cinnarizine, usually given together with dimenhydrinate, appears to be the first-line pharmacotherapy for the management of vertigo and inner ear disorders. Based on these considerations, the present non-interventional study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of cinnarizine 20 mg and dimenhydrinate 40 mg in patients suffering from vertigo related symptoms. To this aims, we enrolled 120 adults, 70 males, and 50 females in an average range of 64 years. Before starting with pharmacological treatment, all patients have been screened for the intensity of vertigo, dizziness, and concomitant symptoms through the Visual Scale of Dizziness Disorders and Dizziness Handicap Inventory scales. At the end of the anamnestic evaluation, patients received the fixed-dose combination of cinnarizine (20mg) plus dimenhydrinate (40mg), 3 times daily for sixty days. The results of this study provide further inside regarding the efficacy of the fixed combination used to reduce vestibular vertigo of central and/or peripheral origin symptoms, after both the 15 and 60-days therapy. In detail, independent of the type of vertigo, fixed-combination was able to reduced dizziness and vertigo associated symptoms in more than 75% of the all patients treated, starting from 15 days of therapy, and improving 60 days after starting the therapy. Interestingly we also found differences between male and female patients in the framework of the pharmacological effects of therapy. This study provides further details concerning the therapeutic efficacy of the fixed combination of cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate and also pointed out the attention on the possibility that this drug could act in a gender-related manner paving the way for further research.

Title: The use of dietary supplements in fitness practitioners: a cross-sectional observation study
Authors: Massimiliano Mazzilli; Filippo Macaluso; Stefano Zambelli; Pietro Picerno; Enzo Iuliano
Affiliation: eCampus University, Novedrate, Italy
Abstract: This study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of use of dietary supplements (DSs) among gym users and gym instructors involved in body shaping oriented fitness training. Furthermore, this study aimed to verify whether differences existed in the prevalence and in the types of DSs used in both gym users and gym instructors involved in body shaping oriented fitness competitions vs. not involved in fitness competitions. A survey was distributed to 316 participants composed of 89 gym instructors and 227 gym users of both genders and aged 27.33 ± 7.71. Among these participants, 52 were involved in competitions and 248 were not, while 16 participants did not specify either way. The results showed a high prevalence in the use of DSs in the population considered with 85.4% of the participants declaring they used DSs with a high heterogeneity in the numbers and in the combinations used. No differences were found between gym instructors and gym users or between participants involved and not involved in competitions. The results indicated that DSs are widely used by persons involved in body shaping oriented fitness training. The results also suggest that the majority of the participants decided individually which DSs to use.

Title: PHARMACOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF THE CINNARIZINA AND DIMENHYDRINATE USE IN THE TREATMENT OF VERTIGO AND RELATED SYMPTOMS
Authors: Fulvio Plescia; Pietro Salvago; Francesco Dispenza; Giuseppe Messina; Emanuele Cannizzaro; Francesco Martines
Affiliation: University of Palermo
Abstract: Vertigo is not a disease itself but a spy symptom of various syndromes or disorders that jeopardize the balance function, essential for daily activities. It is an abnormal sensation of motion that usually occurs in the absence of motion or when a motion is sensed inaccurately. Due to the complexity of the etiopathogenesis of vertigo, many pharmacological treatments have been tested for efficacy on vertigo. Among these drugs, cinnarizine, usually given together with dimenhydrinate, appears to be the first-line pharmacotherapy for the management of vertigo and inner ear disorders. Based on these considerations, the present non-interventional study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of cinnarizine 20 mg and dimenhydrinate 40 mg in patients suffering from vertigo related symptoms. To this aims, we enrolled 120 adults, 70 males, and 50 females in an average range of 64 years. Before starting with pharmacological treatment, all patients have been screened for the intensity of vertigo, dizziness, and concomitant symptoms through the Visual Scale of Dizziness Disorders and Dizziness Handicap Inventory scales. At the end of the anamnestic evaluation, patients received the fixed-dose combination of cinnarizine (20mg) plus dimenhydrinate (40mg), 3 times daily for sixty days. The results of this study provide further inside regarding the efficacy of the fixed combination used to reduce vestibular vertigo of central and/or peripheral origin symptoms, after both the 15 and 60-days therapy. In detail, independent of the type of vertigo, fixed-combination was able to reduced dizziness and vertigo associated symptoms in more than 75% of the all patients treated, starting from 15 days of therapy, and improving 60 days after starting the therapy. Interestingly we also found differences between male and female patients in the framework of the pharmacological effects of therapy. This study provides further details concerning the therapeutic efficacy of the fixed combination of cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate and also pointed out the attention on the possibility that this drug could act in a gender-related manner paving the way for further research.

Title: Pharmacological Evidence of the Cinnarizina and Dimenhydrinate Use in the Treatment of Vertigo and Related Symptoms
Authors: Fulvio Plescia; Pietro Salvago; Francesco Dispenza; Giuseppe Messina; Emanuele Cannizzaro; Francesco Martines
Affiliation: Dipartimento di Biomedicina, Neuroscienze e Diagnostica avanzata (BiND), Sezione di Audiologia Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via del Vespro, 129 - 90127 Palermo, Italy
Abstract: Vertigo is not a disease itself but a spy symptom of various syndromes or disorders that jeopardize the balance function, essential for daily activities. It is an abnormal sensation of motion that usually occurs in the absence of motion or when a motion is sensed inaccurately. Due to the complexity of the etiopathogenesis of vertigo, many pharmacological treatments have been tested for efficacy on vertigo. Among these drugs, cinnarizine, usually given together with dimenhydrinate, appears to be the first-line pharmacotherapy for the management of vertigo and inner ear disorders. Based on these considerations, the present non-interventional study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of cinnarizine 20 mg and dimenhydrinate 40 mg in patients suffering from vertigo related symptoms. To this aims, we enrolled 120 adults, 70 males, and 50 females in an average range of 64 years. Before starting with pharmacological treatment, all patients have been screened for the intensity of vertigo, dizziness, and concomitant symptoms through the Visual Scale of Dizziness Disorders and Dizziness Handicap Inventory scales. At the end of the anamnestic evaluation, patients received the fixed-dose combination of cinnarizine (20mg) plus dimenhydrinate (40mg), 3 times daily for sixty days. The results of this study provide further inside regarding the efficacy of the fixed combination used to reduce vestibular vertigo of central and/or peripheral origin symptoms, after both the 15 and 60-days therapy. In detail, independent of the type of vertigo, fixed-combination was able to reduced dizziness and vertigo associated symptoms in more than 75% of the all patients treated, starting from 15 days of therapy, and improving 60 days after starting the therapy. Interestingly we also found differences between male and female patients in the framework of the pharmacological effects of therapy. This study provides further details concerning the therapeutic efficacy of the fixed combination of cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate and also pointed out the attention on the possibility that this drug could act in a gender-related manner paving the way for further research.

Title: Occlusal Splints and Exercise Performance: a Systematic Review of Current Evidence
Authors: Leonardo Cesanelli; Gianfranco Cesaretti; Berta Ylaitė; Angelo Iovane; Antonino Bianco; Giuseppe Messina
Affiliation: 1. Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, Palermo I-90128, Italy. 2. ARDEC Academy, Rimini, Italy. 3. Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Faculty of Sport Biomedicine, Lithuanian Sports University, 44221 Kaunas, Lithuania.

Title: Transition from Youth Categories to Élite Cycling: Relation-ships Between Early Career Performance and UCI World Tour Success
Authors: Leonardo Cesanelli; Berta Ylaitė; Julio Calleja-González; Nuno Leite; Angelo Iovane; Giuseppe Messina
Affiliation: Sciences, Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, Palermo I-90128, Italy. 2. Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Faculty of Sport Biomedicine, Lithuanian Sports University, 44221 Kaunas, Lithuania. 3. Department of Physical Education and Sport- Faculty of Education-Sport Section. University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 01007, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.. 4. Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, CreativeLab Research Community, Vila Real, Portugal.

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