Special Issue "The Marathon: Environmental and Public Health Aspects"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021.
Interests: physiology of exercise; science of training
Interests: cardiac physiology and pathophysiology; exercise; health; heart failure; cardiac ischemia; hypoxia
Every year, the New York, London, Berlin, and Paris marathons each attract around 30,000 to 50,000 adult runners of all levels. The increasing popularity of road running is typified by the emergence of recreational marathon runners who complete the 42.195 km event in a time of between 2 hr 40 min and 4 hr 40 min. The marathon’s potentially negative impact on cardiac status and the occurrence of sudden cardiac deaths during this type of event have prompted much debate. An increasing number of recreational marathon runners are now using data from HR and speed monitors in an attempt to pace their effort. There are currently no guidelines on how to use these variables to optimize performance. Most of these runners are recreational athletes. Even if more and more studies show that self-paced exercise can achieve the best performance, many runners train alone and hope to progress by monitoring their heart rate and/or running speed. There is a necessity for pollution sensors that could allow the runner to regulate his running pace and it is important to ask the question of the impact of the urban environment on the health of marathon runners in the context of competition and daily training. Articles dealing with these topics of optimizing urban marathon running from a health and performance perspective are welcome in this Special Issue.
Prof. Veronique Billat
Dr. Damien Vitiello
Dr. Jonathan Edwards
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- oxygen uptake
- downtown running
- cardiac health
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: A Marathoner's Carbon Footprint: from Training to the Competition
Authors: Veronique Billat
Affiliation: Paris Institute of Sports-Health Sciences, University of Paris, Paris,France
Title: Post-exercise hypotension and reduced cardiac baroreflex after half-marathon run: in men, but not in women
Authors: Laurent Mourot; Alessandro Fornasiero; Mark Rakobowchuk; Laurie Isacco; Alfredo Brighenti; Federico Stella; Andrea Zignoli; Barbara Pellegrini; Cantor Tarperi; Federico Schena
Affiliation: EA3920 Prognostic Factors and Regulatory Factors of Cardiac and Vascular Pathologies, Exercise Performance Health Innovation (EPHI) platform, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Besançon, France National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia
Abstract: We examined whether trained women exhibit similar cardiovascular and cardiac baroreflex alterations after a half-marathon compared to men. Thirteen women (39.1±9.3 yr; 165±6 cm; 58.2±7.5 kg; maximal aerobic speed (MAS): 13.7±2.2 km.h-1) and 12 men (45.7±10.5 yr; 178±7 cm; 75.0±8.3 kg; MAS: 15.8±2.2 km.h-1) ran an official half-marathon. Before and 1-hour after the race, cardiovascular variables, parasympathetic (heart rate variability analysis) modulation and cardiac baroreflex function (sequence and transfer function analyses) were assessed during supine rest and a squat-stand test. Running performance was slower in women than men (120±19 vs. 104±14 min for women and men, respectively). However, as express as percentage of MAS, it was similar (78.1±4.6 % and 78.2±5.4 % of MAS for women and men, respectively). Before the run, women exhibited lower mean blood pressure (BP), cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV) compared to men, together with higher parasympathetic indexes. After the race, parasympathetic indexes decreased in both sexes but remained higher in women. Reduced SV, systolic BP and cardiac baroreflex were observed in men but not in women. Contrary to men, a competitive half-marathon did not trigger post-exercise hypotension and a reduced cardiac baroreflex in women.
Title: The impact of marathon on cardiac health since mid-december
Authors: Damien Vitiello
Affiliation: School of Sport Sciences, University of Paris, Paris, France